On This Day

January 1941 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Netherlands begins taxing wages

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Russian general Georgy Zhukov appointed chief of general staff

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • Jan 2 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • Jan 2 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • Jan 3 Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
  • Jan 3 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • Jan 3 American National Collegiate Football Rules Committee announces a new rule permitting free substitution of players
  • Jan 4 Resistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
  • Jan 5 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 US President Franklin Roosevelt makes his "Four Freedoms" speech (freedom of speech and worship; freedom from want and fear) during his US State of Union address

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Jan 9 6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • Jan 9 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane
  • Jan 10 Joseph Kesselring's "Arsenic & Old Lace" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 10 Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
  • Jan 10 World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.

  • Jan 11 Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

Jan 16 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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  • Jan 16 War Department forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
  • Jan 17 Chiang Kai-shek disbands the Communist New Fourth Army after the New Fourth Army incident at Maolin, Anhui Province between the nationalist and communist armies leaves many dead
  • Jan 18 World War II: A counter-offensive is launched by the British against the Italians in East Africa
  • Jan 19 British offensive in Eritrea
  • Jan 19 British troops occupies Kassalaf, Sudan
  • Jan 20 Bela Bartok's 6th string quartet, premieres in NYC
  • Jan 20 Chinese Communist leaders re-organize the New Fourth Army in defiance of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's order for it to be disbanded
  • Jan 21 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
  • Jan 21 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, Texas
  • Jan 21 Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
  • Jan 21 British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
  • Jan 22 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
  • Jan 22 British and Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
  • Jan 23 Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • Jan 23 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • Jan 24 British troops march into Abyssinia
  • Jan 25 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
  • Jan 27 Peruvian ambassador Ricardo Rivera-Schreiber warns American Ambassador of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
  • Jan 28 French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • Jan 29 Alexandros Koryzis becomes Prime Minister of Greece
  • Jan 30 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • Jan 31 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • Jan 31 British army Layforce commando units set sail

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Maureen Reagan, 1st daughter of Ronald and Jane Wyman, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jan 7 Ann Susan Hills, freelance journalist
  • Jan 7 Frederick Drew Gregory, Col USAF/astro (STS 51-B, 33, 44), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 7 John E. Walker, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • Jan 8 Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator, born in Lima, Peru
  • Jan 9 Gilles Vaillancourt, Canadian politician, born in Laval-des-Rapides, Quebec
  • Jan 12 Jaime Fuster, American politician (Rep-D-PR, 1985- ), born in Guayama, Puerto Rico (d. 2007)
  • Jan 13 Pasqual Maragall, Spanish politician
  • Jan 14 Milan Kučan, Slovenian statesman, born in Križevci, Gornji Petrovci, Slovenia
  • Jan 19 Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • Jan 20 Richard Friedman, American psychoanalyst who proved sexual orientation was biological, born in the Bronx, New York (d. 2020)

Person of interestDick Cheney

Jan 30 Dick Cheney, American politician (Vice President: 2001-2009), born in Lincoln, Nebraska

46th Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney
46th Vice President of the United States
Dick Cheney
  • Jan 30 Gregory Benford, American author & scientist, born in Mobile, Alabama
  • Jan 31 George S Mickelson, (Gov-SD)
  • Jan 31 Richard A Gephardt, (Rep-D-MO, 1977- )
  • Jan 31 Eugène Terre'Blanche, South African white supremacist and leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, born in Ventersdorp, Transvaal Province, South Africa (d. 2010)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81

Person of interestAmy Johnson

Jan 5 Amy Johnson, British pilot who was the first female pilot to fly alone from Britain to Australia, dies during a ferry flight at 37

Aviator Amy Johnson
Aviator
Amy Johnson
  • Jan 6 Franz Hessel, German writer, dies at 60

Person of interestRobert Baden-Powell

Jan 8 Robert Baden-Powell, British founder of the Boy Scout movement, dies at 83

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell
  • Jan 9 Ko Boezeman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Jan 10 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, murdered at 67
  • Jan 10 Sir John Lavery, Northern Irish artist (b. 1856)

Person of interestJames Joyce

Jan 13 James Joyce, novelist (Ulysses), dies in Zurich Switzerland, at 58

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Jan 17 Jose Leite de Vasconcelos, Portuguese scholar (Etnografia), dies at 82
  • Jan 29 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69