On This Day

January 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • Jan 2 World War II: the 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge to make no separate peace deals
  • Jan 2 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • Jan 2 Japanese troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • Jan 2 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • Jan 3 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • Jan 4 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill & General Marshall fly to Florida
  • Jan 5 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • Jan 6 Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").
  • Jan 7 WW II siege of Bataan starts
  • Jan 8 British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command
  • Jan 9 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • Jan 10 Japan invades North Celebes, Dutch East Indies
  • Jan 11 -23°F (-31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
  • Jan 11 Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
  • Jan 12 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • Jan 12 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • Jan 12 National War Labor Board created
  • Jan 13 Allied Conference on war trials
  • Jan 13 German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

Historic Invention

Jan 13 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

  • Jan 13 Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • Jan 13 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter
  • Jan 14 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
  • Jan 16 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
  • Jan 18 Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman
  • Jan 19 Japanese forces invade Burma
  • Jan 19 Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers
  • Jan 20 Japanese invade Burma

Wannsee Conference

Jan 20 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee Conference in Berlin to organize the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews

  • Jan 21 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
  • Jan 21 Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
  • Jan 22 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
  • Jan 23 Battle of Rabaul: Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • Jan 23 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army

Historic Event

Jan 25 Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

  • Jan 26 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland
  • Jan 26 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
  • Jan 27 -19°F (-27.4°C) is the coldest day in the Netherlands since 1850
  • Jan 28 Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • Jan 28 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • Jan 28 WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
  • Jan 29 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC radio
  • Jan 29 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • Jan 29 Peru and Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determination)
  • Jan 30 Japanese troops land on Ambon

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
  • Jan 1 Martin Frost, (Rep-D-TX, 1971- )
  • Jan 1 Alassane Ouattara, Former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • Jan 2 Hugh Shelton, 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Jan 3 John Marsden, Australian lawyer, gay activist (d. 2006)
  • Jan 4 Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah, Prime Minister of Kuwait (2011-present), born in Kuwait City, Kuwait
  • Jan 5 Terenci Moix, Spanish writer, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2003)

Stephen Hawking

Jan 8 Stephen Hawking, English physicist (Black Holes & Baby Universes), born in Oxford, England (d. 2018)

  • Jan 8 Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Bor, Russia
  • Jan 8 Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese politician (Prime Minister, 2001–06), born in Yokosuka, Japan
  • Jan 9 Lee Kun-hee, Korean business magnate & chairman of Samsung Group, born in Uiryeong County, South Korea
  • Jan 10 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Petrushenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jan 12 Vladimir Sergeyevich Kozelsky, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 24 backup), born in Aleksandrovskoye Stavropol kray, Soviet Union
  • Jan 12 Bernardine Dohrn, former leader of the Weather Underground, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Jan 12 Michael Mayor, Swiss astrophysicist (discovered 1st exoplanet), 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics, born in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Jan 14 Amichand Rajbansi, South African politician, born in Durban, South Africa (d. 2011)
  • Jan 14 Carol Bellamy, American politician (City Council Pres-D- 1978-85), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 16 Tony P. Hall, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1979- ), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Jan 16 James "Jimmy" Grashow, American sculptor and woodcut artist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jan 17 Ita Buttrose, Australian journalist & businesswoman, born in Potts Point, Australia
  • Jan 23 Ivan Ivanovich Bachurin, Soviet cosmonaut, born in Kharkov Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
  • Jan 23 Willy Bogner Jr., German fashion designer & film maker (On Her Majesty's Secret Service), born in Munich, Germany
  • Jan 25 Jens Nygaard Knudsen, Danish Lego designer of the minifigure, born in Denmark (d. 2020)
  • Jan 26 Nigel Walmsley, chairman (Carlton UK Television)
  • Jan 26 William McLennan, CEO (Central Statistical Office)
  • Jan 27 Tasuku Honjo, Japanese immunologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 2018), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • Jan 29 Arnaldo Tamayo-Méndez, Cuban cosmonaut, first Latin-American in space (Soyuz 38, 1980), born in Baracoa, Guantánamo, Cuba
  • Jan 29 F R Hartley, Vice-Chancellor (Cranfield University)
  • Jan 29 Richard Needham, British MP

Weddings in History

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Yves Paringaux, French chief of staff, murdered
  • Jan 8 Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
  • Jan 14 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
  • Jan 16 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (1911-16), dies at 91
  • Jan 17 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, dies at 57
  • Jan 22 Reimond Tollenaere, leader Flemishch National Front, dies at 81
  • Jan 22 Walter Sickert, Danish-English painter (Free House!), dies at 81
  • Jan 22 Xiao Hong, Chinese writer (The Field of Life and Death). dies at 30
  • Jan 26 Gerard Philips, Dutch industrialist and manufacturer (Philips), dies at 83
  • Jan 26 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), dies at 73
  • Jan 27 Kaarel Eenpalu, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1888)
  • Jan 29 Bion J. Arnold, American electrical engineer and inventor (railroad electrification), dies at 80