On This Day

March 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • Mar 1 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • Mar 1 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Mar 2 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • Mar 3 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • Mar 5 Josip Tito establishes 3rd Proletarian Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 5 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • Mar 7 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • Mar 7 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Mar 8 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway begins
  • Mar 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 General MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Mar 11 Japanese troops land on North Sumatra

  • Mar 12 British troops vacate the Andaman Islands in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17 General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9102, creating the War Relocation Authority, which was charged with overseeing the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Mar 19 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty
  • Mar 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

Mar 20 General Douglas MacArthur vows "I came through and I shall return" after escaping Japanese-occupied Philippines

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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
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  • Mar 20 Major German assault on Malta
  • Mar 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 24 US government begins moving native-born citizens with Japanese ancestry into detention centres under Executive Order 9066, with intention of preventing home-grown espionage
  • Mar 25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

Mar 26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • Mar 26 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

BattleBattle of Interest

Mar 26 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • Mar 28 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 28 St. Nazaire Raid (Operation Chariot): obsolete British destroyer HMS Campbeltown, rigged with explosives and flying German flags, rams gates of German occupied St Nazaire port in France, and self detonates; kills 360 Germans, and disables the dry dock for duration of the war
  • Mar 29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 29 Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city
  • Mar 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Mar 2 John Irving, American short-story writer (The World According to Garp; The Cider House Rules), born in Exeter, New Hampshire
  • Mar 2 Kwang Jo Choi, the founder of Choi Kwang- do and is one of the twelve original Masters of Taekwon-Do.
  • Mar 3 Vladimir Vasilyevich Kovolyonok, USR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 29/31, T-4)
  • Mar 4 Charles C. Krulak, 31st Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps
  • Mar 5 Michael "Mike" Resnick, American sci-fi author (Sideshow; Eros Ascending), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 5 Felipe González, Prime Minister of Spain, 1982-96, born in Seville
  • Mar 7 Paul Preuss, American sci-fi author (Medusa Encounter, Starfire)
  • Mar 7 Tommy F. Robinson, American politician (Rep-D-AR, 1985-91), born in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Mar 7 Charles R. Boutin, American politician (Maryland), born in Troy, New York

Person of interestRatko Mladić

Mar 12 Ratko Mladić, Bosnian Serb general during the Bosnian War (found guilty of war crimes 2017), born in Božanovići, Croatia

Serbian General Ratko Mladić
Serbian General
Ratko Mladić
  • Mar 13 Dave Cutler, American software engineer, born in Lansing, Michigan
  • Mar 14 John Whittaker, English real estate developer (Peel Holdings)
  • Mar 16 James Soong, Taiwanese politician

Person of interestJohn Wayne Gacy

Mar 17 John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer who killed 33 young men, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1994)

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • Mar 17 Sidney K Barthelmy, US politician(?)
  • Mar 19 David Minge, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • Mar 21 Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemeni politician and 1st President of Yemen (1990-2012), born in Bait el-Ahmar, Kingdom of Yemen (d. 2017)
  • Mar 22 Dick Pound, Canadian chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency
  • Mar 23 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • Mar 26 Erica Jong [Mann], American author (Fear of Flying), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 27 Raymond J. McGrath, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Valley Stream, New York
  • Mar 27 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • Mar 27 Michael Jackson, British writer and journalist, born in Wetherby, Yorkshire (d. 2007)
  • Mar 28 Neil Kinnock, Leader of the British opposition (Labour Party), born in Tredegar, Wales
  • Mar 28 Daniel Dennett, American philosopher, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 28 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard, born in Zschochau, Saxony, Nazi Germany (d. 1998)
  • Mar 29 Larry Pressler, American politician, United States Senator from South Dakota, born in Humboldt, South Dakota
  • Mar 30 George Esson, Chief Constable (Dumfries & Galloway)
  • Mar 31 Michael Savage [Michael A Wiener], American talk radio host and commentator, born in The Bronx, New York
  • Mar 31 Ulla Hoffmann, Swedish politician

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi (25) weds politician and journalist Feroze Gandhi (29) at Anand Bhavan

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), dies at 59
  • Mar 3 Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43
  • Mar 10 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), dies at 79
  • Mar 12 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • Mar 19 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist and ornithologist, dies at 86
  • Mar 23 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at 73
  • Mar 28 Herman Adriaan van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1918-27), dies at 67
  • Mar 28 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), dies at 31
  • Mar 30 Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson premier Valois), dies at 81