On This Day

May 1942 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Historic Publication

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, "Go Down, Moses", is published

  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Historic Event

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Historic Event

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
  • May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim

Historic Event

May 27 Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich is mortally wounded by a grenade thrown by Czech rebels in Prague during Operation Anthropoid; he would die a week later

  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II

Historic Event

May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague

  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor
  • May 31 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
  • May 31 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (722,666 tons)

Radio History

May 31 Avant-garde radio play "The City Wears A Slouch Hat" with music by John Cage and script by Kenneth Patchen broadcast in Chicago


Birthdays in History

  • May 3 Dave Marash, American television journalist, born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • May 3 Butch Otter, American politician, 32nd governor of Idaho, born in Caldwell, Idaho
  • May 6 Rin Kaiho, Taiwanese professional Go player, born in Shanghai, China
  • May 8 Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
  • May 8 Ruth Holland, journalist
  • May 9 John D Ashcroft, (Gov-MO)
  • May 10 Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • May 11 Rachel Billington, British writer
  • May 12 Barry Longyear, American sci-fi author (City of Baraboo), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • May 12 Dumitru Dediu, Romanian cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • May 13 Vladimir A Dzhanibekov, USSR, cosmo (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13)
  • May 14 Byron L Dorgan, (Rep-D-ND, 1981- )
  • May 14 Lord McAlpine, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • May 15 Anthony Wayne England, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • May 15 Doug Lowe, 35th Premier of Tasmania
  • May 17 Caroline Charles, fashion designer
  • May 18 Keith Hellawell, English Chief Constable (West Yorkshire) and government 'drugs czar', born in Kirkburton, England
  • May 18 Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, English aristocrat, banker and philanthropist

Gary Kildall

May 19 Gary Kildall, American computer scientist and entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)

  • May 19 James Topping, author of CP/M
  • May 20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • May 20 Carlos Hathcock, American Marine sniper (d. 1999)
  • May 21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • May 21 Robert C. Springer, American Army Colonel USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 22 Pallo Jordan, South African politician and ANC member, born in Kroonstad, Free State

Ted Kaczynski

May 22 Ted Kaczynski, American serial killer and terrorist known as the "Unabomber", born in Evergreen Park, Illinois

  • May 23 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • May 27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • May 27 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • May 28 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • May 29 Pierre Bourque, Canadian politician (40th Mayor of Montreal), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • May 30 Dan Miller, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • May 31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)

Weddings in History

Jack Kirby

May 23 Comic book artist Jack Kirby (24) weds Roz Goldstein


Deaths in History

  • May 3 Johan H. Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter and leader of Order Service (OD), executed at 61
  • May 3 Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (1924-26, 1929-42), dies at 68
  • May 5 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • May 16 Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies
  • May 19 Nicoline Magdalene Roll Anker, Norwegian author (Enken), dies at 69
  • May 29 Akiko Yosano, Japanese poet (Tangled Hair), dies at 63