On This Day

October 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st US jet, makes maiden flight
  • Oct 1 Little Golden Books (children's books) begins publishing
  • Oct 2 RMS Queen Mary, carrying thousands of US troops, slices cruiser HMS Curacao in half, killing 239

Historic Event

Oct 3 FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization

  • Oct 3 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
  • Oct 4 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 5 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred

Historic Event

Oct 5 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards

  • Oct 6 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • Oct 7 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys Nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • Oct 7 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing (Netherlands)

Historic Event

Oct 7 Maxwell Anderson's "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 7 US & UK government announce establishment of United Nations
  • Oct 8 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
  • Oct 9 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy
  • Oct 10 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • Oct 11 -Oct 12] Naval battle at Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 12 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • Oct 12 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
  • Oct 14 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • Oct 14 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • Oct 14 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 15 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
  • Oct 16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India

Historic Event

Oct 18 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed

  • Oct 20 "Durham Manifesto" issued by the Southern Conference on Race Relations held in Durham, North Carolina, calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • Oct 22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • Oct 22 Operation Flagpole: US Major General Mark Clark & Brigadier General Lyman Lemnitzer meet Vichy French Général Charles Mast secretly in small fishing village of Cherchell, Algeria to finalize plans for Allied Invasion of North Africa
  • Oct 23 First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • Oct 23 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • Oct 23 German units go through Red October factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 24 Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • Oct 25 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • Oct 25 Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins

Historic Event

Oct 25 Field Marshal Rommel back in North Africa

  • Oct 26 Second day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 26 Fourth day of battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
  • Oct 26 Battle of Santa Cruz: Japanese naval offensive against US forces near Solomon Islands
  • Oct 27 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • Oct 27 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • Oct 28 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • Oct 28 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
  • Oct 29 Seventh day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
  • Oct 29 Alaska highway completed
  • Oct 29 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • Oct 30 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • Oct 30 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
  • Oct 31 U-boats sink and damage 120 allied ships this month (659,457 tons)
  • Oct 31 9th day of the Battle of El Alamein

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 4 Karl W. Richter, American aviator (d. 1967)
  • Oct 9 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • Oct 10 Radu Vasile, Prime Minister of Romania (1998-99), born in Sibiu, Romania (d. 2013)
  • Oct 10 James Marshall, American illustrator and author (George and Martha, The Stupids), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1992)
  • Oct 11 Vic Fazio, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Winchester, Massachusetts
  • Oct 15 Jim Leach, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa), born in Davenport, Iowa
  • Oct 18 Larry Pickering, Australian newspaper cartoonist
  • Oct 19 Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
  • Oct 21 Les AuCoin, (Rep-D-OR, 1975- )
  • Oct 23 Anita Roddick, English businesswoman and cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop), born in Littlehampton, West Sussex (d. 2007) [1]

Michael Crichton

Oct 23 Michael Crichton, American novelist (Andromeda Strain, Congo, Looker), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)

  • Oct 26 John P "Jannie" Roux, South African secretary to Presidents Botha and De Klerk

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Ants Piip, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1884)
  • Oct 6 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), dies at 55
  • Oct 8 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, dies at 73
  • Oct 10 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • Oct 16 12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
  • Oct 18 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • Oct 22 Gustave "Staff" de Clercq, Belgian politician, and Nazi sympathizer (Flemish Nationally Covenant), dies at 58
  • Oct 22 Sybren Tulip, Dutch National Socialist Party (NSB) member, and Superintendent of Police in Amsterdam (1941-42), dies of rheumatic fever at 53
  • Oct 23 Georg Stumme, German general, commandant of African corps, dies at 56
  • Oct 27 Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)