On This Day

1942 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 550

  • Mar 8 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway begins
  • Mar 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 General MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Mar 11 Japanese troops land on North Sumatra
  • Mar 12 British troops vacate the Andaman Islands in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17 General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9102, creating the War Relocation Authority, which was charged with overseeing the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Mar 19 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty
  • Mar 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

Mar 20 General Douglas MacArthur vows "I came through and I shall return" after escaping Japanese-occupied Philippines

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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
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  • Mar 20 Major German assault on Malta

  • Mar 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 24 US government begins moving native-born citizens with Japanese ancestry into detention centres under Executive Order 9066, with intention of preventing home-grown espionage
  • Mar 25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

Mar 26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • Mar 26 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

BattleBattle of Interest

Mar 26 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • Mar 28 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 28 St. Nazaire Raid (Operation Chariot): obsolete British destroyer HMS Campbeltown, rigged with explosives and flying German flags, rams gates of German occupied St Nazaire port in France, and self detonates; kills 360 Germans, and disables the dry dock for duration of the war
  • Mar 29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 29 Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city
  • Mar 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp
  • Apr 1 Allied air raid on Japanese occupied harbor city Kupang, Timor, Indonesia
  • Apr 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Apr 9 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11 US Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal established
  • Apr 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • Apr 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Apr 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17 POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein
  • Apr 18 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
  • Apr 18 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 23 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 24 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria
  • Apr 27 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • Apr 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wisconsin
  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Book releaseHistoric Publication

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, "Go Down, Moses", is published

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 282

  • Apr 15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • Apr 15 Kenneth Lay, American CEO and Chairman of Enron, born in Tyrone, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • Apr 19 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist and photographer, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (disappeared in 1975).
  • Apr 19 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur (founder, CEO, and co-owner of Roush Fenway Racing), born in Covington, Kentucky
  • Apr 24 Richard M. Daley, American politician, 43rd Mayor of Chicago (1989-2011), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 24 Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian pilot cosmonaut, born in Yangiyul, Tashkent
  • Apr 25 Jon Kyl, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona (1987-95), born in Oakland, Nebraska
  • Apr 26 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Naifeld, Sumy (d. 1992)
  • Apr 27 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18), born in Tula, Russia
  • May 3 Dave Marash, American television journalist, born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • May 3 Butch Otter, American politician, 32nd governor of Idaho, born in Caldwell, Idaho
  • May 6 Rin Kaiho, Taiwanese professional Go player, born in Shanghai, China
  • May 8 Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
  • May 8 Ruth Holland, journalist
  • May 9 John D Ashcroft, (Gov-MO)
  • May 10 Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • May 11 Rachel Billington, British writer
  • May 12 Barry B[rookes] Longyear, American sci-fi author (City of Baraboo)
  • May 12 Dumitru Dediu, Romania, cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • May 13 Vladimir A Dzhanibekov, USSR, cosmo (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13)
  • May 14 Byron L Dorgan, (Rep-D-ND, 1981- )
  • May 14 Lord McAlpine, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • May 15 Anthony Wayne England, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • May 15 Doug Lowe, 35th Premier of Tasmania
  • May 17 Caroline Charles, fashion designer
  • May 18 Keith Hellawell, Chief Constable (West Yorkshire)
  • May 18 Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, English aristocrat, banker and philanthropist

Person of interestGary Kildall

May 19 Gary Kildall, American computer scientist and entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)

Computer Scientist Gary Kildall
Computer Scientist
Gary Kildall
  • May 19 James Topping, author of CP/M
  • May 20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • May 20 Carlos Hathcock, American Marine sniper (d. 1999)
  • May 21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • May 21 Robert C Springer, Col USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 22 Pallo Jordan, South African politician and ANC member, born in Kroonstad, Free State

Person of interestTed Kaczynski

May 22 Ted Kaczynski, American serial killer and terrorist known as the "Unabomber", born in Evergreen Park, Illinois

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • May 23 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • May 27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • May 27 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • May 28 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • May 29 Pierre Bourque, Canadian politician (40th Mayor of Montreal), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • May 30 Dan Miller, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • May 31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • Jun 5 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979- )

Person of interestMuammar Gaddafi

Jun 7 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist, born in Qasr Abu Hadi, Libya

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • Jun 8 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Tambov, Russia
  • Jun 8 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • Jun 9 Nicholas Lloyd, British editor (The Daily Express)
  • Jun 10 Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • Jun 12 Bert Sakmann, German cell physiologist (Nobel 1991), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • Jun 12 Homer Neal, African-American particle physicist, born in Franklin, Kentucky (d. 2018)
  • Jun 15 Tony Coelho, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1979-89), born in Los Banos, California
  • Jun 16 Giacomo Agostini, Italian world motorcycle race champion, born in Lovere, Italy
  • Jun 16 Alan "Howling Laud" Hope, British politician and leader of the Official Monster Raving Loony Party (OMRLP), born in Mytchett, Surrey
  • Jun 17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 2005, born in Cairo, Egypt

Person of interestThabo Mbeki

Jun 18 Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999-2008), 1st vice-president (1994-99) and economist, born in Mbewuleni, Eastern Cape

President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki
President of South Africa
Thabo Mbeki
  • Jun 19 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • Jun 19 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )
  • Jun 21 Marjorie Margolies, American women's right activist and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 21 William Bradford Reynolds, US Assistant Attorney General (1981-88), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Jun 21 Togo West Jr., American attorney and public official (3rd Secretary of Veterans Affairs 1998-2000), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (d. 2018)
  • Jun 21 Henry S. Taylor, American writer at poet (Pulitzer 1986 for Poetry), born in Lincoln, Virginia
  • Jun 22 Toyohiro Akiyama, Japan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11)
  • Jun 24 Gerhart Roth, Austrian writer, born in Graz
  • Jun 25 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jun 25 Michel Tremblay, Canadian novelist and playwright (Les Belles-Sœurs), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 26 Orin C Smith, American businessman and CEO of Starbucks (2000-05), born in Ryderwood, Washington (d. 2018)
  • Jun 28 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, Secretary-General (South African Communist Party), born in Cofimvaba, Transkei, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • Jun 28 Jim Kolbe, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • Jun 29 Bas van der Vlies, Dutch politician (SGP), born in Sliedrecht, Netherlands
  • Jun 30 Robert Ballard, American explorer and discoverer (discovered Titanic wreck in 1985), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • Jul 1 William Carney, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jul 2 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • Jul 2 Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • Jul 4 Michael, English Prince of Kent and paternal first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, born in Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire, England
  • Jul 4 Stefan Meller, Polish diplomat and 9th Minister of Foreign Affairs (2005-06), born in Lyon, France (d. 2008)
  • Jul 6 Raymond Depardon, French photographer, born in Villefranche-sur-Saône, France
  • Jul 8 Phil Gramm, (Sen-R Texas, 1985- )
  • Jul 9 Hermann Burger, Swiss poet and writer, born in Menziken, Switzerland (d. 1989)
  • Jul 9 Paul B. Henry, American professor of political science and politician from the U.S. state of Michigan, born in Chicago, Illinois (d.1993)
  • Jul 13 Rod Chandler, (Rep-R-WA, 1983- )
  • Jul 14 Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • Jul 15 Henry McCubbin, MEP (Labour)
  • Jul 15 Philip R Sharp, (Rep-D-Indiana, 1975- )
  • Jul 16 Frank Field, British Labour politician, born in Edmonton, Middlesex
  • Jul 17 Peter Sissons, British newsreader, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2019)
  • Jul 18 Prince Alexandre of Belgium, Prince of the Belgians and son of Leopold III, born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • Jul 18 Adolf Ogi, President of Switzerland (2000), born in Kandersteg, Switzerland
  • Jul 20 Ron Bowden, Australian politician
  • Jul 23 Myra Hindley, English murderess (murdered 5 small children with Ian Brady), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 23 Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian politician (Lord Mayor of Brisbane 1985-91), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jul 25 Felix Philipp Ingold, Swiss translator and writer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • Jul 26 Vladimír Mečiar, 1st and 3rd Prime Minister of Slovakia, born in Zvolen, Slovakia

Person of interestIsabel Allende

Aug 2 Isabel Allende, Chilean-American author (The House of the Spirits, City of the Beasts), born in Lima, Peru

Person of interestDavid Lange

Aug 4 David Lange, 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (Labour: 1984-89), born in Otahuhu, Auckland (d. 2005)

New Zealand Prime Minister David Lange
New Zealand Prime Minister
David Lange
  • Aug 6 George Jung [Boston George], American convicted drug felon whose story was portrayed in the biopic "Blow", born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Aug 10 Betsy Johnson, fashion designer (1971 Winnie Award)
  • Aug 13 Robert Lee Stewart, American Brigadier General and astronaut (STS 41B, 51J), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 15 Larry Hartsell, American martial artist, bodyguard, trainer, student of Bruce Lee and Dan Inosanto, born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • Aug 16 John Meulendijks, Dutch cryptogram maker (People's Daily)
  • Aug 19 Michiel Patijn, Dutch asst sect of state of Foreign affairs (1994- )

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

  • Oct 23 Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies
  • Oct 27 Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
  • Nov 3 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Trousers, Snob), dies at 64
  • Nov 4 Marcel Barger [Streliskie], cabaret performer, killed in Auschwitz
  • Nov 9 Edna May Oliver, dies on 59th birthday
  • Nov 11 Anton Hendrik Blaauw, Dutch botanist (Perception of the Lichtes), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor) dies during the Battle of Guadalcanal at 52
  • Nov 13 Douglas H Fox, US captain of destroyer Barton, dies in battle
  • Nov 13 Norman Scott, US admiral (at Guadalcanal), dies
  • Nov 17 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • Nov 19 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), shot and killed by German Nazi at 50

Person of interestJ. B. M. Hertzog

Nov 21 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General and Prime Minister (1924-39), dies at 76

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • Dec 3 Arthur Berson, German meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon), dies at 83

Person of interestAlbert Kahn

Dec 8 Albert Kahn, American architect known as the "architect of Detroit", dies at 73

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Dec 11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • Dec 11 Jochen Klepper, German writer, commits suicide at 39
  • Dec 13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • Dec 14 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • Dec 21 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63
  • Dec 22 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), dies 84

MurderFrançois Darlan

Dec 24 François Darlan, French Admiral of the Fleet during WWII and Vichy Prime Minister (1941-42), assassinated at 61 in his headquarters in French North Africa by resistance fighter Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle

Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France François Darlan
Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France
François Darlan
  • Dec 24 K Balmont, writer, dies at 75
  • Dec 26 Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle, French resistance fighter and assassin of Admiral of the Fleet and Vichy Prime Minister François Darlan, executed by firing squad at 20
  • Dec 29 Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist, dies at 83
  • Dec 30 Neville Henderson, British diplomat and Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Nazi Germany (1937-39), dies at 60