1942 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 564

  • Mar 5 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • Mar 7 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • Mar 7 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
  • Mar 8 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway began
  • Mar 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 General MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Mar 11 Japanese troop land on North Sumatra
  • Mar 12 British troops vacate the Andaman Isalnds in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17 General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Mar 19 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • Mar 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • Mar 20 General MacArthur vows "I came through and I shall return" after escaping Japanese invaded Philippines
  • Mar 20 Major German assault on Malta
  • Mar 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 23 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • Mar 25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • Mar 26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
  • Mar 26 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • Mar 28 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29 British destroyer HMS Campbeltown explodes in St Nazaire: 400 Germans die
  • Mar 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 29 Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city
  • Mar 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp
  • Apr 1 Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
  • Apr 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Apr 9 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11 US Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal established
  • Apr 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • Apr 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • Apr 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17 POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein
  • Apr 18 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts

  • Apr 18 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 23 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 24 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria
  • Apr 27 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • Apr 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wisconson
  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, "Go Down, Moses", is published

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 13 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 296

  • Apr 12 Bill Bryden, theatre director
  • Apr 13 Ataol Behramoglu Turkish poet and writer.
  • Apr 14 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • Apr 14 Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • Apr 15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • Apr 15 Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • Apr 17 Mario Brenta, writer/director (Maicol, Barnabo of the Mountains)
  • Apr 18 Dick K J Tommel, chemist/(D66) Dutch Asst Sec of State (1994- )
  • Apr 19 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist (disappeared 1975).
  • Apr 19 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur
  • Apr 24 Richard M Daley, (mayor-D-Chicago)
  • Apr 24 Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Apr 25 Jon Kyl, Oakland, Nebraska, US Senator (Rep-R-Arizona)
  • Apr 26 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • Apr 26 Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
  • Apr 27 Gordon Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)
  • Apr 27 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18)
  • Apr 28 Ghislaine Hermanez, architect
  • May 3 Dave Marash, American journalist
  • May 3 C.L. Otter, American politician, governor of Idaho
  • May 6 Rin Kaiho, professional Go player
  • May 8 Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
  • May 8 Ruth Holland, journalist
  • May 9 John D Ashcroft, (Gov-MO)
  • May 10 Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • May 11 Rachel Billington, British writer
  • May 12 Barry B[rookes] Longyear, American sci-fi author (City of Baraboo)
  • May 12 Dumitru Dediu, Romania, cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • May 12 Timothy Hugh Brown, theatre critic
  • May 13 Vladimir A Dzhanibekov, USSR, cosmo (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13)
  • May 14 Byron L Dorgan, (Rep-D-ND, 1981- )
  • May 14 Lord McAlpine, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • May 15 Anthony Wayne England, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • May 15 Doug Lowe, 35th Premier of Tasmania
  • May 17 Caroline Charles, fashion designer
  • May 18 Keith Hellawell, Chief Constable (West Yorkshire)
  • May 18 Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, English aristocrat, banker and philanthropist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 19 Gary Kildall, American computer scientist and entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)

Computer scientist Gary Kildall
Computer scientist
Gary Kildall
  • May 19 James Topping, author of CP/M
  • May 20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • May 20 Carlos Hathcock, American Marine sniper (d. 1999)
  • May 21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • May 21 Robert C Springer, Col USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 22 Pallo Jordan, South African ANC member/heads (Radio Freedom)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 22 Ted Kaczynski, American serial killer and terrorist known as the "Unabomber", born in Evergreen Park, Illinois

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • May 23 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • May 26 Ray Ennis, England, guitar (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • May 27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • May 27 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • May 28 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • May 29 Pierre Bourque, Former mayor of Montreal
  • May 30 Dan Miller, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • May 31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • Jun 5 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 7 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist, born in Qasr Abu Hadi, Libya

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • Jun 8 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jun 8 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • Jun 9 Nicholas Lloyd, editor (Daily Express)
  • Jun 10 Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • Jun 12 Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate
  • Jun 15 Tony Coelho, (Rep-D-CA, 1979- )
  • Jun 16 Giacomo Agostini, Italian world motorcycle race champion, born in Lovere, Italy
  • Jun 17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian IAEA director, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Jun 18 Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999-2008), 1st vice-president (1994-99) and economist, born in Mbewuleni, Eastern Cape
  • Jun 19 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • Jun 19 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )
  • Jun 21 Marg Margolies-Mezvinsky, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania)
  • Jun 21 William Bradford Reynolds, US Assistant Attorney General (1981-88), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Jun 21 Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
  • Jun 21 Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • Jun 22 Toyohiro Akiyama, Japan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11)
  • Jun 24 Gerhart Roth, Austrian writer, born in Graz
  • Jun 25 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jun 25 Michel Tremblay, Canadian playwright
  • Jun 28 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, sec-gen (South African Communist Party)
  • Jun 28 Jim Kolbe, (Rep-R-AZ, 1985- )
  • Jun 28 Martin Thembisile Hani, Cofimvaba, Transkei, Chief of Staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, military arm of the ANC
  • Jun 29 Bas van der Vlies, Dutch politician (SGP)
  • Jun 30 Robert Ballard, explorer/geologist/author/discoverer (Titanic in 1985)
  • Jul 1 William Carney, (Rep-R-NY, 1979-86)
  • Jul 2 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • Jul 2 Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • Jul 4 Michael G C F, English prince of Kent
  • Jul 4 Stefan Meller, Polish foreign minister (d. 2008)
  • Jul 8 Phil Gramm, (Sen-R Texas, 1985- )
  • Jul 9 Hermann Burger, writer
  • Jul 9 Paul B Henry, (Rep-R-Michigan, 1985- )
  • Jul 13 Rod Chandler, (Rep-R-WA, 1983- )
  • Jul 14 Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • Jul 15 Henry McCubbin, MEP (Labour)
  • Jul 15 Philip R Sharp, (Rep-D-Indiana, 1975- )
  • Jul 16 Frank Field, MP (Labour)
  • Jul 17 Peter Sissons, British newsreader
  • Jul 18 Alexander EHAML, prince of the Belgians/son of Leopold III
  • Jul 18 Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician
  • Jul 20 Ron Bowden, Australian politician
  • Jul 23 Myra Hindley, English murderer (d. 2002)
  • Jul 23 Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian politician
  • Jul 25 Felix Ph Ingold, writer
  • Jul 26 Vladimír Mečiar, Slovak prime minister

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 113 of 113

  • Nov 17 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • Nov 19 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (shot) (b. 1892)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 21 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General and Prime Minister (1924-39), dies at 76

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 8 Albert Kahn, architect of Detroit, dies at 73

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Dec 11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • Dec 13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • Dec 14 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • Dec 21 Leendert Round, sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63
  • Dec 22 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), dies 84
  • Dec 24 Jean LXF Darlan, French admiral, murdered by gaullists
  • Dec 24 K Balmont, writer, dies at 75
  • Dec 26 Bosinier de la Chapelle, Fren murderer of adm Darlan, executed at 24
  • Dec 29 Frank D Adams, Canadian geologist, dies at 83