Year 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 13 Adolf Hitler declares "Total War" against the Allies
  • Jan 18 Soviets announce they have broken the long Siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later
  • Jan 31 Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to Soviet troops at Stalingrad
  • Feb 2 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad in a major turning point in Europe during World War II
  • Feb 9 Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ending the epic World War II battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
  • Mar 3 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
  • Mar 14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender
  • May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs
  • Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots
  • Jul 12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III
  • Jul 28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • Aug 23 50th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Largest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany; over 10,000 tanks take part, nearly 250,000 combatants killed
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University in Pistcaway, New Jersey
  • Dec 24 US President FDR appoints General Eisenhower Supreme Commander of the Allied forces
  • Dec 28 All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.
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