On This Day

December 1943 in History

Events in History

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 1 At the end of the Tehran Conference, the Big Three (Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt) agree that the invasion of Normandy should take place in May 1944

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Dec 2 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
  • Dec 3 Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 4 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Dec 4 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" premieres in NYC

Playwright John Van Druten
Playwright
John Van Druten
  • Dec 10 British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
  • Dec 13 150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol
  • Dec 16 "Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200
  • Dec 17 Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Dec 19 Military coup in Bolivia

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Dec 23 General Bernard Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 US President FDR appoints General Eisenhower Supreme Commander of the Allied forces

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines" premieres in London

Playwright Terence Rattigan
Playwright
Terence Rattigan
  • Dec 26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Dec 27 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government
  • Dec 27 German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea
  • Dec 27 Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower & Bedell Smith
  • Dec 28 All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.
  • Dec 30 Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 2 Wayne Allard, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1997-2009), born in Fort Collins, Colorado
  • Dec 5 Eva Joly, Norwegian-French magistrate and politician (Europe Écologie–The Greens), born in Grünerløkka, Oslo, Norway
  • Dec 7 Göran Lennmarker, Swedish politician, born in Norberg, Västmanland County, Sweden
  • Dec 7 Bernard C. Parks, American politician and Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department, born in Beaumont, Texas
  • Dec 7 James Tate, American poet (Pulitzer Prize 1992), born in Kansas City Missouri (d. 2015)
  • Dec 8 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)

Person of interestJohn Kerry

Dec 11 John Kerry, US Secretary of State (2013-17) and 2004 presidential nominee of the Democratic Party, born in Aurora, Colorado

US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry
  • Dec 15 Kathleen Blanco, American politician, 1st female Governor of Louisiana (2004-08), born in New Iberia, Louisiana (d. 2019)
  • Dec 15 Lucien den Arend, Dutch geometric abstract sculptor, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • Dec 19 William DeVries, American cardiothoracic surgeon (artificial heart), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Dec 19 Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • Dec 21 André Arthur, Canadian radio host & politician, born in Quebec City, Canada
  • Dec 22 Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist & diplomat, born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • Dec 23 Silvia Sommerlath, German wife of King Carl XVI of Sweden, born in Heidelberg, Germany
  • Dec 23 Stephen Wallace, Australian director (For Love Affair, Hunger, Mail Order Bride), born in New South Wales, Australia
  • Dec 23 Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician, born in Boksitogorsk, Russia
  • Dec 24 Tarja Halonen, President of Finland, born in Helsinki, Finland
  • Dec 24 Suzy Menkes, British fashion journalist (International Herald Tribune, Vogue), born in Beaconsfield
  • Dec 25 Ravish Malhotra, India cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11 backup)
  • Dec 28 Keith Floyd, English celebrity cook and restaurateur (Floyd on Fish), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 2009)
  • Dec 28 David Peterson, premier of Ontario Canada (L) (1982- ), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Dec 28 Oscar D Dhlomo, South African sect-gen of Inkatha (1978-90)
  • Dec 29 JHR Maij-Wegge, Dutch politician, born in Drenthe, Netherlands

Deaths in History

  • Dec 1 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, dies at 81
  • Dec 2 Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, dramatist and novelist (The Defeat), dies at 41
  • Dec 4 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, dies at 46
  • Dec 6 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter, dies at 69

Person of interestBeatrix Potter

Dec 22 Beatrix Potter, English children's writer and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit,) dies aged 77

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Dec 23 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees de Jongen), dies at 64
  • Dec 29 William Henry Singer, American painter and collector (Singer Museum, Laren), dies at 75