On This Day

February 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 1 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • Feb 1 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • Feb 2 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad in a major turning point in Europe during World War II
  • Feb 3 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • Feb 4 Bertolt Brecht's play "The Good Person of Szechwan" premieres in Zurich
  • Feb 5 Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt
  • Feb 5 Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission
  • Feb 6 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down
  • Feb 7 Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
  • Feb 8 Red Army recaptures Kursk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 9 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an executive order setting a minimum 48-hour work week in a number of critical war industries

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 9 Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic WWII battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
  • Feb 10 "Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality & self-determination
  • Feb 10 British 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
  • Feb 10 Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Feb 11 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Feb 12 General Eisenhower departs Algiers for Tebessa
  • Feb 13 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower visits front
  • Feb 13 Women's US Marine Corps created
  • Feb 14 German offensive against US troops through de Faid-pass, Tunisia begins, starting the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
  • Feb 14 The Soviet Union recaptures the city of Rostov-on-Don, liberating Russia from the German 17th Army during WWII
  • Feb 15 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid

Historic PublicationWe Can Do It!

Feb 15 Wartime propaganda poster "We Can Do It!" produced by J. Howard Miller and posted on the walls of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company's plants in the Midwest

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American wartime propaganda poster produced by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric
American wartime propaganda poster produced by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric
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  • Feb 16 -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)

AgreementContract of Interest

Feb 16 British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Feb 16 Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North Africa
  • Feb 16 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • Feb 16 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 17 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Washington, D.C.

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Dow Chemical and Corning Glass Works form a joint venture to explore and produce silicon materials, based off of the work of James Franklin Hyde

  • Feb 18 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
  • Feb 18 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • Feb 18 German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbells demands "total war" from German citizens in speech at Berlin Sportpalast

  • Feb 19 German tanks under Generalmajor Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia
  • Feb 20 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
  • Feb 20 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn field (Mexico)
  • Feb 20 Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
  • Feb 20 American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • Feb 21 Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
  • Feb 22 Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
  • Feb 23 Major General Omar Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
  • Feb 23 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • Feb 24 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Algiers
  • Feb 24 Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II
  • Feb 25 Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
  • Feb 26 German assault moves to Beja, North Tunisia
  • Feb 27 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men
  • Feb 27 The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Josceline Dimbleby, cookery writer
  • Feb 4 Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese president of the regional government of Madeira
  • Feb 4 Ken Thompson, American computer scientist

Person of interestNolan Bushnell

Feb 5 Nolan Bushnell, American electrical engineer (founded Atari, created Pong), born in Clearfield, Utah

Electrical Engineer, Businessman and Founder of Atari Nolan Bushnell
Electrical Engineer, Businessman and Founder of Atari
Nolan Bushnell
  • Feb 8 Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and VC of Karachi University

Person of interestJoseph Stiglitz

Feb 9 Joseph Stiglitz, American economist and Nobel laureate (asymmetric information), born in Gary, Indiana

Economist Joseph Stiglitz
Economist
Joseph Stiglitz
  • Feb 11 Iain Cameron, British brigadier
  • Feb 13 Friedrich Christian Delius, German writer, born in Rome, Italy
  • Feb 13 Leo Frankowski, American sci-fi author (High Tech Knight, Flying Warlord), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)
  • Feb 14 Israël "Ischa" Meijer, Dutch journalist, critic and author (Een Dik Uur Ischa, Boezemvriend), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Feb 16 James Beaton, British GC
  • Feb 18 Graeme Garden, Scottish writer (The Goodies), born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • Feb 19 Homer Hickam, American author and retired NASA engineer
  • Feb 19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • Feb 20 Aleksandr Pavlovich Alexandrov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-9, TM-3)
  • Feb 20 Lord McNally, British Minister of State for Justice
  • Feb 21 Roberto Faenza, director (Cop Killers, Corrupt)
  • Feb 22 David Skaggs, American politician (Rep-D-Colorado), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Feb 22 Horst Köhler, German politician, born in Skierbieszów, Poland
  • Feb 24 Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
  • Feb 24 Terry Semel, American business executive
  • Feb 26 Bob van Reeth, Flemish architect, born in Temse, Belgium
  • Feb 26 Dante Ferretti, Italian art director & costume designer, born in Macerata, Italy
  • Feb 28 Hans Dijkstal, Dutch minister of the Interior (VVD, 1994-98)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 14 Walmart founder Sam Walton (24) weds Helen Robson (23)

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton

LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 18 Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean general/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet

Deaths in History

  • Feb 3 Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrendered his life jacket, drowns
  • Feb 5 Wim Gertenbach, Dutch resistance fighter (Slogan), shot by Nazis
  • Feb 6 HA Seyffardt, Dutch lt-gen/NSB "minister", dies at 71
  • Feb 9 World War II: Dutch fascist official Hermannus Reydon and his wife are shot by resistance members, his wife dies immediately and he dies six months later
  • Feb 10 Wa'er, shot dead by Defiance
  • Feb 13 William Walraven, Dutch journalist and writer (Neglected Grouser), dies at 55
  • Feb 14 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry, dies at 81
  • Feb 17 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • Feb 18 Henri Polak, Dutch union leader/politician (soc-dem), dies at 74
  • Feb 22 Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (That Weisse Rose), dies
  • Feb 22 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (White Rose), beheaded at 24
  • Feb 22 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), beheaded by guillotine at 21
  • Feb 26 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (b. 1892)
  • Feb 27 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet, twice nominated for the Nobel prize (b. 1859)