On This Day

July 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Lieutenant Charles Hall becomes 1st African American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 British Liberator bomber sinks German U-628 in Bay of Biscay
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 6 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 Germans killed
  • Jul 6 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched

Historic Event

Jul 7 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

  • Jul 7 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • Jul 7 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
  • Jul 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • Jul 7 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • Jul 8 4th day of battle at Kursk: General Model uses last tank reserve
  • Jul 8 British air raid sinks U-232

Meeting of Interest

Jul 8 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

  • Jul 8 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • Jul 9 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • Jul 9 British air raid sinks U-435
  • Jul 10 6th day of battle at Kursk
  • Jul 10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • Jul 11 7th day of battle at Kursk

Historic Event

Jul 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

  • Jul 11 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • Jul 11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • Jul 12 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • Jul 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms

Historic Event

Jul 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker

  • Jul 12 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • Jul 12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 13 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • Jul 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • Jul 18 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • Jul 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

Historic Event

Jul 20 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Chester Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

Historic Event

Jul 22 US forces led by General George S. Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily

  • Jul 23 Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 23 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini (Sicily)
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • Jul 25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Fall of Benito Mussolini

Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

  • Jul 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • Jul 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • Jul 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg

Historic Event

Jul 28 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

Historic Event

Jul 28 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

  • Jul 28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • Jul 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • Jul 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • Jul 31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 3 Norman Thagard, American scientist and astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir), born in Marianna, Florida
  • Jul 8 Faye Wattleton, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 9 John H. Casper, USAF and astronaut (STS 36, 54, 62, 77), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • Jul 15 Diligenti quintuplets, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Jocelyn Bell Burnell

Jul 15 Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist (discovered radio pulsars), born in Lurgan, Northern Ireland

  • Jul 16 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • Jul 16 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet and novelist (Pentagonia), born in Aguas Claras, Holguín Province, Cuba (d. 1990)
  • Jul 19 Roy D. Bridges Jr, American pilot and astronaut (STS 51-F, 61-F), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Jul 22 Yoran Ben Ami, Israel, producer/president (Triumph Pictures)
  • Jul 22 Kay Bailey Hutchison, American politician (U.S. Senator from Texas, 1993-2013; NATO Ambassador, 2017-2021), born in Galveston, Texas
  • Jul 23 Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate, born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Henk Vos, chemical analyst/Dutch politician (PvdA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 30 Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician, born in Béthune, France
  • Jul 31 Stephanie Forrester, fictional character (The Bold and the Beautiful)
  • Jul 31 William Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)/drug tsar

Deaths in History

  • Jul 1 Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
  • Jul 1 C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • Jul 1 Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jul 1 Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 2 Caroline Yale, American educator who revolutionized the teaching of hearing-impaired students, dies at 84
  • Jul 4 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), killed in a plane crash at 62
  • Jul 8 Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • Jul 8 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, executed at 44
  • Jul 8 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, dies at 69
  • Jul 9 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, dies at 67
  • Jul 13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50
  • Jul 17 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-general of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), dies at 72
  • Jul 18 Harry Pace, American music label owner (Black Swan - 1st major label founded by a Black American), dies at 59
  • Jul 23 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71