On This Day

June 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms
  • Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 5 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 16 Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die)

  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • Jun 19 Race riot in Beaumont Texas
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 20 Chubb Crater (now called Pingualuit Crater) discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km diameter)
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

Rocket Scientist Wernher von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Wernher von Braun
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 2 John Lilipaly, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA)
  • Jun 2 Maarten B Engwirda, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (D66)
  • Jun 3 Eddie McGrady, Northern Irish politician (SDLP) unseated Enoch Powell, Born in Downpatrick (d. 2013)
  • Jun 4 Joyce Meyer, American Charismatic Christian author and speaker, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jun 5 Ann Craft, researcher/writer
  • Jun 5 Matthew Lesko, American author
  • Jun 7 Mel Levine, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-93), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 7 Nikki Giovanni, American poet (LHJ Woman of the Year 1973), born in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Jun 8 William Calley Jr., American war criminal, convicted by court-martial of murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre, born in Miami, Florida
  • Jun 9 Charles Saatchi, English magnate (Saatchi & Saatchi)
  • Jun 9 Joe Haldeman, American sci-fi author (The Forever War), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jun 10 Simon Jenkins, editor (Times)

Person of interestHenry Hill

Jun 11 Henry Hill Jr., American mobster and FBI informant (inspired Goodfellas), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • Jun 14 Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 14 Billy Tauzin, American politician and lobbyist (Rep-D-LA, 1980-2005), born in Chackbay, Louisiana
  • Jun 15 Xaveria Hollander [Vara de DeVries], Dutch author (The Happy Hooker), born in Soerabaja, Dutch East Indies

Person of interestNewt Gingrich

Jun 17 Newt Gingrich, American politician (Rep-R-GA, 1979-99) and Speaker of the House (1995-97), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

US Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich
US Speaker of the House
Newt Gingrich
  • Jun 17 Burt Rutan, American aerospace engineer, born in Estacada, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
  • Jun 23 Vinton (Vint) Cerf, American Internet pioneer, Turing Award laureate
  • Jun 25 Gerrit "Ger" Zijlstra, Dutch sculptor, born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Jun 25 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer (1st laptop computer), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • Jun 28 Ed Pastor, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Claypool, Arizona
  • Jun 28 Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist (discovery of the integer quantum Hall effect, Nobel 1985), born in Schroda, Reichsgau Posen, Germany

Deaths in History

  • Jun 1 Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
  • Jun 3 Folkert E Posthuma, Min of Agriculture, dies
  • Jun 6 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), dies at 74
  • Jun 13 Kočo Racin, Macedonian poet (b. 1908)
  • Jun 26 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), commits suicide at 39