On This Day

March 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • Mar 2 1st transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
  • Mar 3 Bethnal Green Tube disaster: 173 die in a stampede sheltering in an air raid, UK's greatest loss of civilian life in WWII (details censored till January 20 1945)
  • Mar 3 F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 3 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
  • Mar 4 Transport #50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
  • Mar 5 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • Mar 5 RAF bombs Essen Germany

Battle of Interest

Mar 6 Battle at Medenine, North Africa: Rommel's counterattack

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Historic Event

Mar 6 Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno

Historic Event

Mar 7 US General George S. Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif, Tunisia

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 8 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • Mar 8 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • Mar 8 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 9 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • Mar 9 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • Mar 11 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
  • Mar 12 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma

Historic Event

Mar 13 Failed assassin attempt on Adolf Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Mar 13 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)

Historic Event

Mar 13 Nazis liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków; Oskar Schindler with advance information, saves his workers by keeping them in his factory overnight

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Industrialist
Oskar Schindler

Historic Event

Mar 14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth
  • Mar 15 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • Mar 15 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • Mar 16 Ships Elin K (Norway) and Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed by German U-boats and sink
  • Mar 17 Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 17 F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 17 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, in the Netherlands
  • Mar 18 Ships James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Netherlands), torpedoed & sink
  • Mar 18 Red Army evacuates Belgorod
  • Mar 19 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 19 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • Mar 19 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard
  • Mar 20 German U-384 bombed & sinks
  • Mar 21 Assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler fails
  • Mar 21 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • Mar 22 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
  • Mar 22 Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • Mar 22 Dutch SS police chief Hans Albin Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
  • Mar 23 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • Mar 25 97% of all Dutch physicians strike against Nazi registration
  • Mar 26 Battle of Komandorski Islands, naval battle between American navy and Japanese Imperial forces in the Pacific Ocean, ends inconclusively
  • Mar 26 Elsie S. Ott is 1st woman to be awarded US Air Force Medal
  • Mar 27 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau
  • Mar 27 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia
  • Mar 29 Meat (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II
  • Mar 30 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • Mar 31 Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 31 US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Franz Hohler, Swiss writer, born in Biel
  • Mar 1 Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist
  • Mar 1 Richard H. Price, American physicist
  • Mar 1 Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist
  • Mar 2 Gordon Black, English industrialist
  • Mar 2 Rosa DeLauro, American politician (Rep-D-Connecticut, 1991-present), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Mar 2 Peter Straub, American award-winning fantasy and horror author, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Mar 9 Charles Gibson, American television journalist (Good Morning America), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • Mar 15 David Cronenberg, director (Shivers, Fly, Brood), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Mar 16 Ursula Goodenough, American biologicst, Evolutionary Scholar, author and educator, born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 18 Nobuko Imai, Japanese classical solo and chamber violist, and educator, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Mar 19 Mario Molina, Mexican chemist, 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry (CFC's effect on the ozone layer), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2020)
  • Mar 19 Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • Mar 20 Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
  • Mar 20 Naima Neidre, Estonian graphic artist
  • Mar 23 Mohammad al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite cleric and leader who called for government reform, born in al-Kazimiya, Iraq (d. 1999) [1]
  • Mar 24 H Martin Lancaster, (Rep-D-NC)

Bob Woodward

Mar 26 Bob Woodward, American author and investigative reporter (Watergate, CIA crimes), born in Geneva Illinois

Author and Investigative Reporter Bob Woodward
Author and Investigative Reporter
Bob Woodward
  • Mar 27 Milton Robert Carr, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1975-81, 83-95), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • Mar 27 Phil Frank, American cartoonist (Farley, The Elderberries comics), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)

John Major

Mar 29 John Major, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1990-97), born in Carshalton, Surrey, England

British Prime Minister John Major
British Prime Minister
John Major

Weddings in History

John Steinbeck

Mar 29 Author John Steinbeck (41) weds Gwyndolyn Conger

Deaths in History

  • Mar 2 Alexandre Yersin, Swiss French bacteriologist (discovered bubonic plague bacillus), dies at 79
  • Mar 4 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek foreign minister, dies at 71
  • Mar 4 Pieter C Boutens, Dutch poet (Beatrijs), dies at 73
  • Mar 12 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, dies at 73
  • Mar 13 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • Mar 13 J. P. Morgan, Jr. [John Pierpont], American financier and son of J.P. Morgan, Sr., (J.P. Morgan & Co.), dies of a stroke at 75
  • Mar 19 Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)
  • Mar 23 Andre Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
  • Mar 26 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer, dies at 73
  • Mar 27 Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1), killed in crash
  • Mar 30 Jan Bytnar, Polish activist (b. 1921)
  • Mar 30 Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, Polish activist (b. 1920)