On This Day

October 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany

  • Oct 14 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631

TrainDeath Railway Completed

Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

Learn More
'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
Learn More
  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front
  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Jean-Jacques Annaud, Draveil France, director (Bear, Black & White, Name of the Rose)
  • Oct 2 Franklin Rosemont, American poet, artist and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 3 Jeff Bingaman, American politician (U.S. Senator from New Mexico), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Oct 4 Buddy Roemer, (Gov/Rep-D-LA, 1981- )
  • Oct 5 Ben Cardin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Oct 6 Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • Oct 7 Oliver North, American political commentator and retired US Marine (Iran–Contra), born in San Antonio, Texas

Person of interestR. L. Stine

Oct 8 R. L. Stine, American children's book writer (Goosebumps), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1997)

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • Oct 9 Mike Peters, American cartoonist (Mother Goose and Grimm), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Oct 10 Alexander MacMillan, 2nd Earl of Stockton, English publisher and politician
  • Oct 10 Frederick Barthelme, American author (There Must be Some Mistake), born in Houston, Texas
  • Oct 12 Jeffrey MacDonald, American medical doctor convicted of murdering his wife and two daughters, born in Queens, New York City
  • Oct 13 Mike Barnicle, American broadcast journalist and newspaper columnist, born in Worchester, Massachusetts
  • Oct 18 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • Oct 18 Elena Ferrante, pseudonymous Italian novelist (Neapolitan Novels), born in Naples, Italy (claimed)
  • Oct 21 Tariq Ali, Pakistani author and historian
  • Oct 24 José E. Serrano, American politician (Rep-D-New York), born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
  • Oct 25 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 23 55th UK Prime Minister David Lloyd George (80) weds second wife Frances Stevenson

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Oct 1 Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
  • Oct 1 Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
  • Oct 1 John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
  • Oct 1 Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
  • Oct 1 Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
  • Oct 1 Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42
  • Oct 4 Richard T. Ely, American economist and author (Ground under our feet), dies at 89
  • Oct 4 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence, dies at 37
  • Oct 6 Robert Cooper, father of Card pitcher Mort & catcher Walker, dies
  • Oct 7 Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
  • Oct 9 Gerard W Kerncamp, historian/editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam), dies
  • Oct 9 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, executed at 42
  • Oct 9 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • Oct 9 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Nobel Prize 1902 for Zeeman effect), dies at 78
  • Oct 9 Gerard Wilhelm Kernkamp, Dutch historian and editor (Groene Amsterdammer), dies at 78
  • Oct 10 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • Oct 17 Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • Oct 18 A. M. de Jong, Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak), dies at 55
  • Oct 18 Benedictus H. Danser, Dutch taxonomist and botanist, dies at 52
  • Oct 21 Dudley Pound, British admiral of the fleet and 1st Sea Lord (Jutland, WW II), dies at 66
  • Oct 24 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (Regards et jeux dans l'espace), dies at 31
  • Oct 25 H van Zanten, guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed
  • Oct 26 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-British archaeologist, dies at 80
  • Oct 27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • Oct 31 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, dies at 70