1943 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 561

  • Apr 29 Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis
  • Apr 29 Noel Coward's "Present Laughter" premieres in London
  • Apr 29 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
  • Apr 30 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • Apr 30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • Apr 30 Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed" premieres in London
  • May 1 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
  • May 1 Food rationing begins in US
  • May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • May 1 German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta
  • May 1 Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
  • May 2 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • May 3 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier

  • May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
  • May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • May 7 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps
  • May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched
  • May 7 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • May 7 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • May 8 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • May 9 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia
  • May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 11 US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 12 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • May 13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • May 13 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands
  • May 14 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine
  • May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs
  • May 16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300
  • May 17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • May 17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Millionaire Howard Hughes crashes into Lake Mead, while test flying his Sikorsky S-43, killing CAA inspector Ceco Cline and Richard Felt

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes

  • May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria, an Italian island 100 km southwest of Sicily
  • May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • May 19 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan
  • May 20 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
  • May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • May 22 Stalin disbands Komintern
  • May 23 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

Naval commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • May 25 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • May 25 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
  • May 26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • May 26 Prime Minister Winston Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • May 27 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • May 27 US forbids racial discrimination in war industry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 29 Meat and cheese rationed in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • May 30 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • May 31 42 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month
  • Jun 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • Jun 1 Pirates Rip Sewell 1st throws his dew-drop (eephus) ball in a game
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms
  • Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 16 Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die)
  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • Jun 19 Race riot in Beaumont Texas
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 20 New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km dia)
  • Jun 20 Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track & field championship in NY
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 RAF discovers Werner von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

Rocket Scientist Werner von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Werner von Braun
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)
  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 271 of 271

  • Sep 29 Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran
  • Sep 29 Gary Boyd Roberts, American genealogist
  • Sep 30 Jody Powell, press mouthpiece (Jimmy Carter)
  • Sep 30 Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • Oct 1 Jean-Jacques Annaud, Draveil France, director (Bear, Black & White, Name of the Rose)
  • Oct 2 Franklin Rosemont, American poet, artist and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 3 Jeff Bingaman, American politician (U.S. Senator from New Mexico), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Oct 4 Buddy Roemer, (Gov/Rep-D-LA, 1981- )
  • Oct 4 Owen Keir Davidson, Australia, 4 time Wimbledon mix double champ
  • Oct 5 Ben Cardin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Oct 6 Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • Oct 7 Oliver North, US colonel (Irangate), born in San Antonio, Texas

Person of interestR. L. Stine

Oct 8 R. L. Stine, American children's book writer (Goosebumps), born in Columbus, Ohio

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • Oct 9 Mike Peters, American cartoonist (Mother Goose and Grimm), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Oct 10 Alexander MacMillan, 2nd Earl of Stockton, English publisher and politician
  • Oct 10 Frederick Barthelme, American author (There Must be Some Mistake), born in Houston, Texas
  • Oct 12 Jeffrey MacDonald, American medical doctor convicted of murdering his wife and two daughters, born in Queens, New York City
  • Oct 13 Mike Barnicle, American broadcast journalist and newspaper columnist, born in Worchester, Massachusetts
  • Oct 18 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • Oct 21 Tariq Ali, Pakistani author and historian
  • Oct 24 Jose Serrano, (Rep-D-New York)
  • Oct 25 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)
  • Nov 2 Oldrich Pelcak, Czech cosmonaut, born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia
  • Nov 4 Marlene Jobert, novelist (Adventures of John Difool)
  • Nov 5 Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (d. 2007)
  • Nov 6 Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • Nov 7 Judith Frost, British Columbia, artist (To Red, Dust Drawings)
  • Nov 7 Wensley Haydon-Baillie, English pharmaceutical manufacturer
  • Nov 7 Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
  • Nov 7 Boris Gromov, Russian general

Person of interestMichael Spence

Nov 7 Michael Spence, American economist and Nobel Prize laureate, born in Montclair, New Jersey

Economist Michael Spence
Michael Spence
  • Nov 10 Saxby Chambliss, American politician
  • Nov 13 André-Gilles Fortin, Canadian politician, born in Granby, Canada (d. 1977)
  • Nov 14 Peter Norton, American software engineer
  • Nov 15 Roger Donaldson, director (Cocktail, Cadillac Man, White Sands)
  • Nov 20 Lindsay Thomas, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • Nov 21 Larry Mahan, Oregon, rodeo champ (1967-70)
  • Nov 21 Phil Bredesen, American politician
  • Nov 21 Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer
  • Nov 22 George W [Buddy] Darden, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • Nov 23 Andrew Goodman, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964
  • Nov 24 Richard Tee, US pianist (Stuff, Strokin')
  • Nov 26 Gerald D Kleczka, (Rep-D-WI, 1984- )
  • Nov 26 Paul Burnett, English disc-jockey
  • Nov 26 Marilynne Robinson, American writer
  • Nov 27 Nicole Brossard, French Canadian poet
  • Nov 29 Sue Miller, American author
  • Dec 2 Wayne Allard, American politician
  • Dec 5 Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French magistrate
  • Dec 7 Göran Lennmarker, Swedish politician
  • Dec 7 Bernard C. Parks, Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department
  • Dec 7 James Tate, American poet (Pulitzer Prize 1992), born in Kansas City Missouri (d. 2015)
  • Dec 8 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)

Person of interestJohn Kerry

Dec 11 John Kerry, US Secretary of State (2013-17) and 2004 presidential nominee of the Democratic Party, born in Aurora, Colorado

US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry
  • Dec 13 Arturo Ripstein, director (El Lugar Sin Limites, Foxtrot)
  • Dec 15 Kathleen Blanco, American politician
  • Dec 15 Lucien den Arend, Dutch artist
  • Dec 19 William DeVries, American cardiothoracic surgeon (artificial heart), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Dec 19 Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • Dec 21 André Arthur. Quebec radio host
  • Dec 22 Paul Wolfowitz, American politician
  • Dec 23 Silvia Sommerlath, German wife of King Carl XVI of Sweden (1973- )
  • Dec 23 Stephen Wallace, director (For Love Affair, Hunger, Mail Order Bride)
  • Dec 23 Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician
  • Dec 24 Tatton Sykes, English baron/large landowner
  • Dec 24 Tarja Halonen, President of Finland
  • Dec 24 Suzy Menkes, British fashion journalist (International Herald Tribune, Vogue), born in Beaconsfield
  • Dec 25 Ravish Malhotra, India cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11 backup)
  • Dec 28 David Peterson, premier of Ontario Canada (L) (1982- ), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Dec 28 Oscar D Dhlomo, South African sect-gen of Inkatha (1978-90)
  • Dec 29 JHR Maij-Wegge, Dutch traffic minister (19..-94)

Weddings in History

Deaths in History