On This Day

1943 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 545

  • May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • May 1 German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives
  • May 1 SS General Hanns Albin Rauter announces that all Jews will be 'removed' from the occupied Netherlands
  • May 2 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • May 3 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
  • May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • May 7 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • May 7 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • May 7 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • May 8 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"

  • May 9 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia
  • May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 11 US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 12 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • May 13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • May 13 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands
  • May 14 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine
  • May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International) to avoid upsetting his Western allies with claims he was trying to foment revolution globally

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • May 17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • May 17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Millionaire Howard Hughes crashes into Lake Mead, while test flying his Sikorsky S-43, killing CAA inspector Ceco Cline and Richard Felt

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria, an Italian island 100 km southwest of Sicily
  • May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • May 19 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan

  • May 20 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
  • May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • May 23 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • May 25 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • May 25 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
  • May 26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • May 26 Prime Minister Winston Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • May 27 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 29 Meat and cheese rationed in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • May 30 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • May 31 42 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month
  • Jun 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms

USAZoot Suit Riots

Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

Learn More
A man in a zoot suit is inspected after being arrested by the LAPD in 1943
A man in a zoot suit is inspected after being arrested by the LAPD in 1943
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 5 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 16 Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die)
  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • Jun 19 Race riot in Beaumont Texas
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 20 Chubb Crater (now called Pingualuit Crater) discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km diameter)
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jun 22 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross
  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

Rocket Scientist Wernher von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Wernher von Braun
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Lieutenant Charles Hall becomes 1st African American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 Liberator bombers sinks U-628
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 6 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 Germans killed

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 259 of 259

  • Oct 4 Buddy Roemer, (Gov/Rep-D-LA, 1981- )
  • Oct 5 Ben Cardin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Oct 6 Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter

Person of interestOliver North

Oct 7 Oliver North, American political commentator and retired US Marine (Iran–Contra), born in San Antonio, Texas

Political Commentator and Iran-Contra Figure Oliver North
Political Commentator and Iran-Contra Figure
Oliver North

Person of interestR. L. Stine

Oct 8 R. L. Stine, American children's book writer (Goosebumps), born in Columbus, Ohio

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • Oct 9 Mike Peters, American cartoonist (Mother Goose and Grimm), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Oct 10 Alexander MacMillan, 2nd Earl of Stockton, English publisher and politician
  • Oct 10 Frederick Barthelme, American author (There Must be Some Mistake), born in Houston, Texas
  • Oct 12 Jeffrey MacDonald, American medical doctor convicted of murdering his wife and two daughters, born in Queens, New York City
  • Oct 13 Mike Barnicle, American broadcast journalist and newspaper columnist, born in Worchester, Massachusetts
  • Oct 18 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • Oct 18 Elena Ferrante, pseudonymous Italian novelist (Neapolitan Novels), born in Naples, Italy (claimed)
  • Oct 21 Tariq Ali, Pakistani author and historian
  • Oct 24 José E. Serrano, American politician (Rep-D-New York), born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
  • Oct 25 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)
  • Nov 2 Oldrich Pelcak, Czech cosmonaut, born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia
  • Nov 5 Friedman Paul Erhardt, German-American TV chef (Chef Tell), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 2007)
  • Nov 7 Wensley Haydon-Baillie, English pharmaceutical manufacturer
  • Nov 7 Stephen Greenblatt, American literary historian and author (The Swerve: How the World Became Modern), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Nov 7 Boris Gromov, Russian general and politician (Governor of Moscow Oblast 2000-12), born in Saratov, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

Person of interestMichael Spence

Nov 7 Michael Spence, Canadian-American economist (Nobel 2001 - dynamics of information flows and market development), born in Montclair, New Jersey

Economist Michael Spence
Economist
Michael Spence
  • Nov 10 Saxby Chambliss, American politician (U.S. Senator from Georgia 2003-15), born in Warrenton, North Carolina
  • Nov 13 André-Gilles Fortin, Canadian politician, born in Granby, Canada (d. 1977)
  • Nov 14 Peter Norton, American software engineer
  • Nov 15 Roger Donaldson, director (Cocktail, Cadillac Man, White Sands)
  • Nov 20 Lindsay Thomas, American politician (Rep-D-GA, 1983-93), born in Patterson, Georgia
  • Nov 21 Larry Mahan, Oregon, rodeo champ (1967-70)
  • Nov 21 Phil Bredesen, American politician
  • Nov 21 Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer
  • Nov 22 George W [Buddy] Darden, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • Nov 23 Andrew Goodman, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964
  • Nov 26 Jerry Kleczka, American politician (Rep-D-WI, 1984-2005), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • Nov 26 Paul Burnett, English radio disc jockey, born in Hulme, Manchester, England
  • Nov 26 Marilynne Robinson, American writer (Gilead), born in Sandpoint, Idaho
  • Nov 27 Nicole Brossard, French Canadian poet, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Nov 29 Sue Miller, American author
  • Dec 2 Wayne Allard, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1997-2009), born in Fort Collins, Colorado
  • Dec 5 Eva Joly, Norwegian-French magistrate and politician (Europe Écologie–The Greens), born in Grünerløkka, Oslo, Norway
  • Dec 7 Göran Lennmarker, Swedish politician, born in Norberg, Västmanland County, Sweden
  • Dec 7 Bernard C. Parks, American politician and Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department, born in Beaumont, Texas
  • Dec 7 James Tate, American poet (Pulitzer Prize 1992), born in Kansas City Missouri (d. 2015)
  • Dec 8 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)

Person of interestJohn Kerry

Dec 11 John Kerry, US Secretary of State (2013-17) and 2004 presidential nominee of the Democratic Party, born in Aurora, Colorado

US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry
  • Dec 15 Kathleen Blanco, American politician, 1st female Governor of Louisiana (2004-08), born in New Iberia, Louisiana (d. 2019)
  • Dec 15 Lucien den Arend, Dutch geometric abstract sculptor, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • Dec 19 William DeVries, American cardiothoracic surgeon (artificial heart), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Dec 19 Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • Dec 21 André Arthur, Canadian radio host & politician, born in Quebec City, Canada
  • Dec 22 Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist & diplomat, born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • Dec 23 Silvia Sommerlath, German wife of King Carl XVI of Sweden, born in Heidelberg, Germany
  • Dec 23 Stephen Wallace, Australian director (For Love Affair, Hunger, Mail Order Bride), born in New South Wales, Australia
  • Dec 23 Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician, born in Boksitogorsk, Russia
  • Dec 24 Tarja Halonen, President of Finland, born in Helsinki, Finland
  • Dec 24 Suzy Menkes, British fashion journalist (International Herald Tribune, Vogue), born in Beaconsfield
  • Dec 25 Ravish Malhotra, India cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11 backup)
  • Dec 28 Keith Floyd, English celebrity cook and restaurateur (Floyd on Fish), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 2009)
  • Dec 28 David Peterson, premier of Ontario Canada (L) (1982- ), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Dec 28 Oscar D Dhlomo, South African sect-gen of Inkatha (1978-90)
  • Dec 29 JHR Maij-Wegge, Dutch politician, born in Drenthe, Netherlands

Weddings in History


Deaths in History