On This Day

1943 in History (Part 5)

Events in History

Events 401 - 500 of 545

  • Aug 31 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • Aug 31 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Sep 3 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • Sep 3 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily
  • Sep 4 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • Sep 5 US airland at Nadzab, New Guinea
  • Sep 6 "Congressional Limited" train derails near Frankfort, Philadelphia, kills 79
  • Sep 7 987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • Sep 7 Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston, Texas)
  • Sep 8 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 8 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers from Sicily

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • Sep 9 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
  • Sep 9 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies from Algiers to Marrakech/Prestwick
  • Sep 9 Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
  • Sep 9 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)

  • Sep 10 British 8th army occupies Tarente
  • Sep 10 German troops occupy Rome and take took over the protection of Vatican City
  • Sep 10 Italian fleet anchors at Malta
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London
  • Sep 11 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • Sep 11 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • Sep 11 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island / Rapa Nui
  • Sep 11 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Sep 12 Free French lands on Corsica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Sep 13 German counter attack at Salerno
  • Sep 13 The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.
  • Sep 15 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • Sep 16 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
  • Sep 16 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
  • Sep 17 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • Sep 17 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
  • Sep 18 Cardinals clinch NL pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 Adolf Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 19 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
  • Sep 19 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
  • Sep 20 Liberator bomber sinks U-338
  • Sep 21 Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • Sep 21 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
  • Sep 21 Soviet 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • Sep 21 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • Sep 22 British dwarf submarines attack Tirpitz
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed and sinks
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229
  • Sep 24 Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk
  • Sep 25 Soviet troops liberate Smolensk
  • Sep 27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • Sep 27 Dutch opposition newspaper "The Slogan" publishes KZ-Lower letter
  • Sep 29 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 29 US General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Sep 29 German riots at Amsterdam Jews
  • Sep 29 Zjadovs 5th Gardeleger/Managarovs 53rd Army reconquer Kremenchug

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Sep 30 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 14 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631

TrainDeath Railway Completed

Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

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'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
Learn More
  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front
  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.
  • Nov 1 Dim-out ban lifted in San Francisco Bay area
  • Nov 1 US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
  • Nov 2 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • Nov 3 P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North Holland
  • Nov 5 Vatican in Rome bombed by unknown source
  • Nov 6 Soviet troops land on Kertsj peninsula
  • Nov 6 Soviet forces reconquer Kiev

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Deaths in History