On This Day

December 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • Dec 2 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • Dec 2 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • Dec 2 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
  • Dec 3 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • Dec 3 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • Dec 3 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • Dec 3 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • Dec 3 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • Dec 3 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • Dec 4 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • Dec 5 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • Dec 6 US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
  • Dec 7 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • Dec 7 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • Dec 10 9 Dutch citizens hanged by Nazis
  • Dec 10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • Dec 11 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • Dec 13 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • Dec 13 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 14 Beginning of Liese-Aktion: Germany tries to recruit Dutch men for the Germany labor force
  • Dec 14 US Congress establishes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • Dec 14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • Dec 15 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms

Historic Event

Dec 15 US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star

  • Dec 15 US troops land on Mindoro
  • Dec 16 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the 'Battle of the Bulge'
  • Dec 16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • Dec 16 US 2nd Infantry division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid
  • Dec 17 San Francisco M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St
  • Dec 17 US Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast, detainees released
  • Dec 17 US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
  • Dec 18 US Destroyers Hull, Spence & Monaghan sink in typhoon (Philippines)
  • Dec 18 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
  • Dec 20 Archbishop De Young & bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • Dec 20 Battle of Bastogne: Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
  • Dec 20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions

Historic Event

Dec 20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London

  • Dec 21 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • Dec 22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • Dec 22 Sub Swordfish departs Pearl Harbor for Japan
  • Dec 23 Beginning of 'the harsh winter', contributes to the famine that develops in the Netherlands

Victory in Battle

Dec 26 Battle of Bastogne: US General Patton's 3rd Army repulses Germans

  • Dec 26 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army

Theater Premiere

Dec 26 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie" premieres in Chicago

  • Dec 27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • Dec 28 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium
  • Dec 29 Belgian Walloon Nazi collaborator Léon Degrelle sentenced to death
  • Dec 29 General Eisenhower's train returns to Versailles
  • Dec 30 King George II of Greece, abdicates his throne, appointing Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens as Regent in 1945
  • Dec 31 48 people die in a train accident in Ogden, Utah
  • Dec 31 Japanese army evacuates harbor city Akyab
  • Dec 31 World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Tahar Ben Jelloun, Moroccan writer ( L’Enfant de Sable (The Sand Child)), born in Fes, Morocco
  • Dec 1 Daniel Pennac, French writer, born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • Dec 1 Michael Hagee, American 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, born in Hampton, Virginia
  • Dec 2 Roger Omond, journalist
  • Dec 2 Ibrahim Rugova, Kosovar nationalist writer and President of Kosovo (1992-2006), born in Crnce, Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (now Kosovo) (d. 2006)
  • Dec 2 Botho Strauß, German author, born in Naumburg, Germany
  • Dec 7 Jamiel Chagra, American drug trafficker, born in El Paso, Texas (d. 2008)
  • Dec 9 Ki Longfellow, American novelist (The Secret Magdalene), born in Staten Island, New York
  • Dec 9 Bob O'Connor, American politician (58th Mayor of Pittsburgh), born in Greenfield Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • Dec 12 Jean Doré, Canadian politician (39th Mayor of Montreal), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2015)
  • Dec 13 Dick Dees, Dutch politician, born in Oostburg, Netherlands

Chico Mendes

Dec 15 Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist and rubber tapper, born in Xapuri, Brazil (d. 1988)

  • Dec 17 Jack L[aurence] Chalker, American sci-fi author (Saga of Well World)
  • Dec 19 Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist and politician, born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • Dec 19 William Christie, American-born director of Les Arts Florissants
  • Dec 19 Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
  • Dec 20 Gernot Wolfgruber, Austrian writer, born in Gmünd, Lower Austria
  • Dec 21 Zheng Xiaoyu, Chinese bureaucrat, born in Fuzhou, China (d. 2007)
  • Dec 23 Wesley Clark, American military officer, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 24 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay, born in Bombay Presidency
  • Dec 28 Johnny Isakson, American politician
  • Dec 28 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Dec 30 William J. Fallon, U.S. Navy Admiral, former U.S. Central Command commander, born in East Orange, New Jersey
  • Dec 31 Taylor Hackford, American director (Devil's Advocate, Ray), born in Santa Barbara, California

Weddings in History

  • Dec 16 General Dwight D. Eisenhower's clerk Rickey marries corporal Pearlie

Deaths in History

  • Dec 2 Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • Dec 2 JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
  • Dec 2 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), dies of cardiac arrest at 67
  • Dec 3 Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • Dec 3 Andrew, Prince of Greece and Denmark, dies at 62
  • Dec 10 John Brunt, English soldier and Victoria Cross holder, dies at 22
  • Dec 13 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • Dec 16 Elisabeth ten Boom dies at 59
  • Dec 17 Pieter A. Roodenburgh, student and resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • Dec 19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • Dec 20 Abbas Hilmi II, viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • Dec 23 Charles Dana Gibson, American illustrator (Gibson Girl), dies at 77
  • Dec 28 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck
  • Dec 30 Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78