On This Day

January 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 General Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st African American official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered in Philadelphia
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
  • Jan 12 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts
  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

Jan 27 Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed

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Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
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  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician

Person of interestOmar al-Bashir

Jan 1 Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese politician and 7th President of Sudan (1989-2019), born in Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

President of Sudan Omar al-Bashir
President of Sudan
Omar al-Bashir
  • Jan 2 Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • Jan 3 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • Jan 6 Henry Kravis, American businessman & author (The Money Machine), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Jan 6 Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist & Nobel laureate, born in Riehen, Switzerland
  • Jan 7 Ad Nijhuis, Dutch politician (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Jan 7 Tony Whitlam, Australian lawyer & judge, born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jan 8 Terry Brooks, American fantasy fiction author (Sword of Shannara), born in Sterling, Illinois
  • Jan 9 Ian Hornak, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • Jan 10 Rory Byrne, South African engineer & car designer, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • Jan 11 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • Jan 11 Shibu Soren, Indian politician
  • Jan 12 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate, born in Klaipėda, Lithuania
  • Jan 14 Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist, born in Long Beach, California
  • Jan 14 Nina Totenberg, American journalist, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 16 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer
  • Jan 18 Relus ter Beek, Dutch Minister of defense (PvdA), born in Coevorden, Netherlands (d. 2008)

Person of interestPaul Keating

Jan 18 Paul Keating, 24th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1991-96), born in Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia

24th Prime Minister of Australia Paul Keating
24th Prime Minister of Australia
Paul Keating
  • Jan 18 Alexander Van der Bellen, Austrian politician, President of Austria (2017-), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jan 19 Peter Lynch, American investor
  • Jan 20 Eddie Shah, English businessman & publisher (Today, Post), born in Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Jan 23 Marty Russo, American politician & lobbyist (Rep-D-IL, 1975- ), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 26 Angela Yvonne Davis, African American activist & professor, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Jan 27 Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • Jan 28 James Cran, British MP
  • Jan 28 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • Jan 29 Hans Plomp, Dutch writer/poet (Venus in Holland)
  • Jan 29 Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda (1986-) and rebel leader, born in Ntungamo, Uganda
  • Jan 29 Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
  • Jan 31 Anton Korteweg, Dutch poet (For the Good Order)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), dies at 74
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), dies at 86
  • Jan 7 J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, dies at 56
  • Jan 7 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, dies at 69
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major and pilot, shot down

Person of interestEdvard Munch

Jan 23 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, American journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), dies at 61