On This Day

June 1944 in History

Events in History

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jun 1 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery dine in Portsmouth, England

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 2 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in London

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion
  • Jun 5 Allied forces march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jun 5 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • Jun 6 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • Jun 7 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • Jun 10 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan
  • Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

ExecutionGeorge Stinney is Executed

Jun 16 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

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The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
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  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba
  • Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with Field Marshals von Rundstedt and Rommel in Marjival, Soissons, France to assess response to Normandy Invasion
  • Jun 17 Iceland dissolves its union with Denmark and declares itself a Republic
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 19 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in the Philippine Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 6 David Penhaligon, British politician (President of the Liberal Party) (d. 1986)
  • Jun 6 Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist (Nobel 1993), born in Falmouth, Kentucky
  • Jun 8 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • Jun 9 23 puppies (record litter), born to Lena, a foxhound in Ambler, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 10 Rick Price, rocker (Move)
  • Jun 11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • Jun 11 Barrie Stevens, English-Dutch choreographer (Personals, Young Again), born in London
  • Jun 11 James "Ox" van Hoften, American astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California

Person of interestBan Ki-moon

Jun 13 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • Jun 14 Laurie Colwin, American author (Happy All the Time), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1992)
  • Jun 15 Robert Keppel, American criminologist
  • Jun 16 Joan Barbara Grigor, artist
  • Jun 16 Takamiyama [Jesse Kuhaulua], Hawaii, 1st non-Japanese sumo champion
  • Jun 22 Gérard Mourou, French scientist (Nobel Prize for Physics 2018, lasers), born in Albertville, France
  • Jun 26 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
  • Jun 27 Kees [Cornelis Johannes] Ouwens, Dutch writer and poet (Intimate Acts), born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Jun 29 Collin Peterson, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Fargo, North Dakota
  • Jun 29 Seán Patrick O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • Jun 29 Sisto Malaspina, Australian cafe owner (Pellegrini's) who started Melbourne coffee culture, born in Marche region, Italy
  • Jun 30 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist, physician and author (Life After Life), born in Porterdale, Georgia

Deaths in History

  • Jun 6 Den Brotheridge, British lieutenant who was the 1st to die during D-Day landings in World War II is killed at 28
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 41 (b. 1902)
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 33
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 George Stinney, African-American boy wrongfully convicted of murder, is executed by electric chair at 14
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • Jun 16 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), dies at 82
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter and friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)