March 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy
  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested

Event of Interest

Mar 13 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio

  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason
  • Mar 17 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts after months of volcanic unrest, destroying several towns near the volcano
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 20 2,500 women trample guards and floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois department store
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16

Event of Interest

Mar 21 US General Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy

  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 23 Italian resistance group bombs occupying German police at Via Rasella, Rome; killing 33 and wounding 110 of the 156 man force; retaliation kills 335 civilians
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin


Mar 24 Ardeatine massacre: Nazis led by SS officers Herbert Kappler, Erich Priebke and Karl Hass execute 335 civilians and political prisoners in occupied Rome in retaliation for the previous day's Via Rassela bombing that killed 33 Germans [1]

  • Mar 24 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno

Event of Interest

Mar 27 Transport No. 70 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,000 French Jews to Auschwitz extermination camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; 480 killed upon arrival, approximately 152 survive the war

  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle and begins writing "Pippi Longstocking"
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 John Breaux, American politician (Rep-D-LA, 1972-87, Senator 1987-2005), born in Crawley, Louisiana
  • Mar 1 John Napier, English set designer (Royal Shakespeare Company), born in London, England
  • Mar 3 Janice Garfat, rocker (Dr Hook)
  • Mar 5 Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
  • Mar 7 Elton Gallegly, American politician (Rep-R-California 1987-2013), born in Huntington Park, California
  • Mar 7 Jürgen Theobaldy, German writer, born in Strasberg, France
  • Mar 7 Michael Rosbash, American geneticist (Nobel Prize 2017, Drosophila period gene), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Mar 7 Stanley Schmidt, American science fiction writer and editor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Mar 8 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • Mar 14 Peter Paul Zahl, German left-wing writer and printer (shot two police officers), born in Freiburg, Germany (d. 2011)
  • Mar 18 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 18 Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman
  • Mar 19 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • Mar 19 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize

Sirhan SirhanSirhan Sirhan (79 years old)

Mar 19 Palestinian-born assassin of US Senator Robert F. Kennedy, born in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine

  • Mar 22 Tony McPhee, English rocker (The Groundhogs), born in Humberston, England
  • Mar 24 Vojislav Koštunica, Serbian Prime Minister
  • Mar 25 Terry L. Bruce, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1985-93), born in Olney, Illinois
  • Mar 29 James Diggle, British classicist, born in Rochadale
  • Mar 29 Nana Akufo-Addo [William Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo], Ghanaian politician, President of Ghana (2017-), born in Accra, Gold Coast
  • Mar 30 Gerrit Komrij, Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

Louis BuchalterLouis Buchalter (1897-1944)

Mar 4 Jewish-American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 6 Ernst Cohen, Dutch chemist, gassed at Auschwitz concentration camp at 74
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W. van Loon, Dutch-American radio commentator and writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, dies at 82
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 22 Pierre Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy government, executed by firing squad at 44
  • Mar 23 O.C. Wingate, British General-Major (Burma), dies in air crash in India at 41
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by Nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Leacock, Canadian economist and humorist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies