May 1944 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US
  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO

Event of Interest

May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

Assassination Attempt

May 14 General Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German History

May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz

  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of the Patriarch Throne of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands, including Sinti girl Settela Steinbach famously filmed by Jewish photographer Rudolf Breslauer [1]
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves
  • May 21 WWII: West Loch Disaster - explosion during munition loading kills at least 160 sailors, injures nearly 400, destroys six ships and damages 3 piers and several buildings at Pearl Harbor U.S. Naval Base in Oahu, Hawaii; details were kept classified until the early 1960s
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead

Event of Interest

May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania's anti fascists

  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport No. 75 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,000 French Jews to Auschwitz extermination camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; 627 killed upon arrival, approximately 99 survive the war

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • May 2 Franz Innerhofer, Austrian writer (Beautiful Days), born in Krimml, Salzberg
  • May 2 John Verity, English rocker (Argent), born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
  • May 3 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, British journalist, born in Bristol, England (d. 1997)
  • May 9 Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
  • May 10 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)
  • May 12 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • May 13 Armistead Maupin, American author (Tales of the City series), born in Washington D.C.
  • May 13 Betsy Finley Ashton, American broadcast journalist, author and lecturer, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • May 13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer and genealogist
  • May 15 Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
  • May 17 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • May 18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • May 18 W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (Austerlitz), born in Wertach, Germany (d. 2001)
  • May 20 David M Walker, Capt USN/astron (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69), born in Columbus, Georgia

Dietrich Mateschitz (1944-2022)

May 20 Austrian businessman (founder, owner Red Bull Racing; FC Red Bull Salzburg, RB Leipzig; co-creator Red Bull energy drink), born in Sankt Marein im Mürztal, Austria

  • May 21 Janet Dailey, American Romance author, born in Storm Lake, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • May 21 Manual Pina, Spanish fashion designer (d. 1994)
  • May 21 Mary Robinson, Irish politician, President of the Republic of Ireland (1990-97), born in Ballina, Ireland
  • May 23 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • May 25 Bob Payton, American pizza magnate (The Chicago Pizza Pie Factory), born in Miami, Florida (d. 1994)
  • May 25 Robert MacPherson, American mathematician (invention of intersection homology with Mark Goresk), born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • May 27 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • May 28 Adriaan T "Ad" Zuiderent, poet/critic (On the Droge)

Rudy Giuliani (79 years old)

May 28 American Mayor of New York City (Republican: 1994-2001) at the time of the September 11 attacks, born in NYC, New York

  • May 29 Quentin Davies, British MP (C & L), born in Oxford, England

Deaths in History

  • May 5 Bertha Benz [Cacilie Bertha Ringer], German inventor, automotive pioneer and wife of fellow automotive inventor Karl Benz, dies at 95
  • May 11 Henk Hos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 11 Walter Oesau, German fighter pilot (WWII), dies at 30
  • May 12 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), dies at 80
  • May 16 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 16 Max Brand [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 17 Félix Éboué, French colonial administrator, dies at 60
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 26 Henricus Verbunt, Dutch civil servant and resistance fighter, executed by German forces at 34
  • May 26 Jacob J. Hage, Dutch farmer and WW II resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • May 26 Robert van Spaendonck, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42