On This Day

May 1944 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Mahatma Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 14 General Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and King George VI discuss the plan for D-Day

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma

Battle of InterestD-Day

May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Learn More
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania's anti fascists

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • May 2 Franz Innerhofer, Austrian writer (Beautiful Days), born in Krimml, Salzberg
  • May 2 John Verity, English rocker (Argent), born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
  • May 3 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, British journalist, born in Bristol, England (d. 1997)
  • May 8 Gary Glitter [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
  • May 9 Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
  • May 10 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)
  • May 12 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • May 13 Betsy Finley Ashton, broadcast journalist/author/lecturer
  • May 13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist
  • May 13 Armistead Maupin, American author
  • May 15 Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
  • May 17 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • May 18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • May 18 W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (Austerlitz), born in Wertach, Germany (d. 2001)
  • May 20 David M Walker, Capt USN/astron (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69), born in Columbus, Georgia

Person of interestDietrich Mateschitz

May 20 Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman and co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, born in Sankt Marein im Mürztal, Styria, Austria

Businessman and Co-founder of Red Bull Dietrich Mateschitz
Businessman and Co-founder of Red Bull
Dietrich Mateschitz
  • May 21 Janet Dailey, American Romance author, born in Storm Lake, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • May 21 Manual Pina, Spanish fashion designer (d. 1994)
  • May 21 Mary Robinson, Irish politician, President of the Republic of Ireland (1990-97), born in Ballina, Ireland
  • May 23 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • May 25 Bob Payton, American pizza magnate (The Chicago Pizza Pie Factory), born in Miami, Florida (d. 1994)
  • May 25 Robert MacPherson, American mathematician (invention of intersection homology with Mark Goresk), born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • May 27 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • May 28 Adriaan T "Ad" Zuiderent, poet/critic (On the Droge)

Person of interestRudy Giuliani

May 28 Rudy Giuliani, American Mayor of New York City (Republican: 1994-2001) at the time of the September 11 attacks, born in NYC, New York

Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani
Mayor of New York City
Rudy Giuliani
  • May 29 Quentin Davies, British MP (C & L), born in Oxford, England
  • May 30 Lenny Davidson, rocker (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over), born in London, England

Deaths in History

  • May 5 Bertha Benz [Cacilie Bertha Ringer], German inventor, automotive pioneer and wife of fellow automotive inventor Karl Benz, dies at 95
  • May 11 Henk Hos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 11 Walter Oesau, German fighter pilot (WWII), dies at 30
  • May 12 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), dies at 80
  • May 16 Max Brand [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 16 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 17 Félix Éboué, French colonial administrator, dies at 60
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 26 Robert van Spaendonck, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42