On This Day

November 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • Nov 1 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • Nov 2 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • Nov 2 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 3 Allied commandos land at Westkapelle, on the Dutch island of Walcheren
  • Nov 3 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • Nov 3 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • Nov 3 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • Nov 5 Allied troops reach Zoutelande, Walcheren
  • Nov 5 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • Nov 5 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for a record fourth term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • Nov 7 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • Nov 8 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
  • Nov 8 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • Nov 9 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • Nov 9 Walcheren purged of Nazi troops
  • Nov 10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • Nov 10 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • Nov 10 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • Nov 12 RAF sinks German battleship Tirpitz at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • Nov 15 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • Nov 16 US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 19 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • Nov 20 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • Nov 20 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • Nov 20 Dutch Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda, Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • Nov 22 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 23 US 7th army under General Alexander Patch conquers Straatsburg

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • Nov 24 US bombers based on Saipan begin 1st attack on Tokyo
  • Nov 25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • Nov 26 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • Nov 27 4,000 shells detonate in RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; village of Hanbury destroyed, at least 70 people killed
  • Nov 27 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen in Germany
  • Nov 28 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • Nov 28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • Nov 28 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
  • Nov 28 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
  • Nov 29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • Nov 29 John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery
  • Nov 29 The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas.
  • Nov 30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 1 Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia 2011-13, born in Faa'a, Tahiti, French Polynesia
  • Nov 2 Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, American NASA astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, 46, 61, 75) and MIT professor, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 9 Bill Hendon, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1981-83, 85-87), born in Asheville, North Carolina
  • Nov 10 Silvestre Reyes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas 1997-2013), born in Canutillo, Texas
  • Nov 12 Johan van Doorn [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)
  • Nov 13 Wouter R van Romondt, Dutch/Dutch Antillean cartoonist
  • Nov 14 Aditya Biria, industrialist
  • Nov 16 Hugo Dittberner, German writer, born in Gieboldehausen, Germany
  • Nov 16 Oliver Braddick, British psychologist (research on infant visual perception)
  • Nov 17 Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect (Pritzker Prize 2000), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Nov 17 Sarolta Monspart, Hungarian orienteering competitor (first non-Scandinavian female to win World C'ship 1972; 14 x national titles), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2021)
  • Nov 21 Marcia "Marcy" Carsey, TV executive/producer
  • Nov 21 Dick Durbin, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1983-97, Senator-D-IL, 1997-), born in East St. Louis, Illinois
  • Nov 22 Robert Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph)
  • Nov 23 Jose Torikens, Dutch journalist (Parool, NRC)
  • Nov 23 Peter Lindbergh [Brodbeck], German fashion photographer and director, born in Lissa, German occupied Poland (d. 2019)
  • Nov 24 Claudia Dreifus, interviewer/author (7 Stories)
  • Nov 24 Dan Glickman, (Rep-D-KS, 1977- )
  • Nov 24 Jules Deelder, Dutch poet (T of Vondel)
  • Nov 24 Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar
  • Nov 27 Martin Corbett, English gay rights activist (Gay Liberation Front, OutRage!), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Nov 27 Mickey Leland, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1979-89), born in Lubbock, Texas (d. 1989)
  • Nov 28 Timothy Krajcir, American serial killer, born in West Mahanoy Township, Pennsylvania

Deaths in History

  • Nov 2 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • Nov 3 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), dies at 71
  • Nov 6 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest
  • Nov 6 Walter Guinness, Lord Moyne, Anglo-Irish politician, British prefect (Middle-East), assassinated by Jewish terrorists at 64
  • Nov 6 Boy Ecury [Segundo Jorge Adelberto Ecury], Dutch Resistance fighter in World War II, executed by a German firing squad at 22
  • Nov 7 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, hanged in Tokyo at 49
  • Nov 8 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • Nov 11 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), dies at 79
  • Nov 12 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Wang Jingwei, Chinese politician (21st Premier of the Republic of China 1932-35), dies at61
  • Nov 15 Maarten Reuchlin, resistance fighter, executed
  • Nov 17 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), dies at 34
  • Nov 20 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • Nov 22 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
  • Nov 22 George Clausen, English painter, dies at 92
  • Nov 24 EMHCH Houtappel, resistance fighter: in Neuengamme, dies
  • Nov 27 Camille Looten, French-Flemish priest and literature historian, dies at 86
  • Nov 27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 28 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • Nov 28 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • Nov 28 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), dies at 43
  • Nov 30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

Nov 30 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

US Senator Albert B. Fall
US Senator
Albert B. Fall