On This Day

October 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 2 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek mainland
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and Bernard Montgomery confer in Brussels, Belgium

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC

Playwright John Van Druten
Playwright
John Van Druten
  • Oct 19 US Navy says Black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in the Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

Oct 20 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
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  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27 Tito reaches free Belgrade

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, American sci-fi author (Witling, True Names), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • Oct 3 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy), born in Nordenham, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Oct 3 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician, born in Etterbeek, Belgium
  • Oct 3 Bob Riley, American politician (52nd Governor of Alabama), born in Ashland, Alabama
  • Oct 5 Ben Korthals, Dutch politician and lawyer (VVD), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands
  • Oct 6 Merzak Allouache, director (Salut Cousin, Amour a Paris)
  • Oct 7 Donald Tsang, Former Chief executive of Hong Kong (2005-1012), born in Hong Kong
  • Oct 8 Bruce Morrison, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in New York
  • Oct 10 Christopher Ndodebandla Dlamini, South African trade unionist and SACP-leader, born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Oct 10 Renier Schoeman, South African journalist and politician
  • Oct 15 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • Oct 15 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • Oct 15 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • Oct 15 Kay Ivey, American politician, 54th Governor of Alabama (2017-), born in Camden, Alabama
  • Oct 18 Katherine Kurtz, UK, sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber)
  • Oct 21 Janet Ahlberg, illustrator
  • Oct 25 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator, born in Carville, Louisiana
  • Oct 25 Haruhiko Kuroda, Governor of the Bank of Japan, born in Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Oct 26 Ries Smits, Dutch economist and politician (CDA), born in Tricht, Netherlands
  • Oct 28 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire (Schlecker drug store), born in Ehingen, Germany
  • Oct 29 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer, born in Nuvolento, Brescia, Italy
  • Oct 30 Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • Oct 31 Otto Wiesheu, German politician, born in Zolling, Germany

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 9 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III

Deaths in History

  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Alfred "Al" Smith, American politician, 4 time Governor of New York (1919-20 and 1923-28), and 1st Roman Catholic presidential candidate (D, 1928), dies at 70
  • Oct 7 Helmut Lent, German night-fighter ace in World War II, dies at 26
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52
  • Oct 12 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42

Person of interestErwin Rommel

Oct 14 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, Dutch writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), dies at 67
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer, dies at 67 (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 63
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • Oct 28 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., dies at 90