On This Day

September 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Sep 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Sep 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • Sep 2 Future US President George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Sep 2 US leaders meet in Belgium
  • Sep 3 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Sep 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • Sep 3 French troops liberate Lyon
  • Sep 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force
  • Sep 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • Sep 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • Sep 4 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • Sep 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • Sep 4 US 1st Army frees Namen
  • Sep 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany

  • Sep 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • Sep 5 Allies liberate Brussels
  • Sep 5 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Sep 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • Sep 6 Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand
  • Sep 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium
  • Sep 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
  • Sep 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • Sep 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • Sep 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • Sep 9 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • Sep 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • Sep 9 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"
  • Sep 11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Sep 12 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Sep 12 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II
  • Sep 12 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • Sep 13 Great Atlantic hurricane reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 storm, goes on to kill 300-400 along the US East Coast

  • Sep 13 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • Sep 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • Sep 13 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 13 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth
  • Sep 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • Sep 14 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • Sep 14 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • Sep 14 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • Sep 14 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • Sep 15 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • Sep 15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Sep 15 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • Sep 15 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • Sep 15 US troops land on Palau & Morotai
  • Sep 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • Sep 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • Sep 18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • Sep 18 Eindhoven freed by American and British trrops (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declared the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated

Battle of InterestD-Day

Sep 28 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of President Theodore Roosevelt, is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for directing troops at Utah Beach during the D-Day landings

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Learn More
  • Sep 28 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms

Birthdays in History

  • Sep 2 Claude Nicollier, Swiss astronaut (STS 61-K, 46, 61, 75), born in Vevey, Switzerland
  • Sep 3 Sherwood C. Spring, American astronaut (STS 61B), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Sep 4 Christopher Needler, English businessman, born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • Sep 5 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • Sep 6 Gordon DeMarco, American writer and activist, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • Sep 6 Aubrey Mokoape, South African political anti-apartheid activist and leader (Pan-African Congress and Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Sep 7 Bertel Haarder, Danish politician (Minister of Education), born in Kruså, Denmark
  • Sep 11 Freddy Thielemans, Belgian socialist politician (Mayor of Brussels), born in Laeken, Belgium
  • Sep 12 Leonard Peltier, Native American activist (American Indian Movement), born in Grand Forks, North Dakota
  • Sep 15 Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
  • Sep 17 Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber (Mount Everest), born in Brixen (Bressanone), Italy
  • Sep 18 Charles Lacy Veach, American astronaut (STS 39, STS 52), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Sep 19 Anders Björck, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Nässjö, Jönköping County, Sweden
  • Sep 21 Hamilton Jordan, political advisor (Crisis, Last Year of Carter Pres)
  • Sep 21 Steve Beshear, American politician (D) Governor of Kentucky (2007-2015), born in Dawson Springs, Kentucky
  • Sep 22 John Tanner, (Rep-D-Tennessee)
  • Sep 22 Roger Nichols, American recording engineer, producer and inventor (Steely Dan, John Denver), born in Oakland, California (d. 2011)
  • Sep 23 Loren J Shriver, Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS 31, STS 46)
  • Sep 25 Doris Matsui, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Poston, Arizona
  • Sep 27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)

Deaths in History

  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 10 Jaap P Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 13 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, executed at Dachau at 30
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies

Person of interestGuy Gibson

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander who led the Dambusters (Victoria Cross), dies in action at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), dies in car crash at 82
  • Sep 27 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, dies at 81