On This Day

1944 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 724

  • Mar 24 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany
  • Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing "Pippi Longstocking"
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union
  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz at Kåfjorden, Norway
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia

  • Apr 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis

Battle of InterestD-Day

Apr 7 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Learn More

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC

Playwright Lillian Hellman
Playwright
Lillian Hellman
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death

  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Mahatma Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 14 General Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz
  • May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and King George VI discuss the plan for D-Day
  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania's anti fascists

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • Jun 2 Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery dine in Portsmouth, England
  • Jun 2 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 291

  • Apr 19 James Heckman, American economist (Nobel Prize 2000), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 22 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (1st person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon), born in Jackson, Tennessee (disappeared 2007)
  • Apr 26 David O'Brien Martin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in St. Lawrence Co., New York
  • Apr 26 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician (leader of Muhammadiyah 1995-2000), born in Surakarta, Dutch East Indies
  • Apr 27 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman, born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England
  • Apr 28 Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director (founding member of The Wooster Group), born in New Jersey
  • Apr 28 Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • Apr 28 Alice Waters, American chef
  • Apr 29 Benedikte, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
  • Apr 30 Richard Shoff, American rocker (Sandpipers), born in Seattle
  • May 1 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • May 2 Franz Innerhofer, Austrian writer (Beautiful Days), born in Krimml, Salzberg
  • May 2 John Verity, English rocker (Argent), born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
  • May 3 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, British journalist, born in Bristol, England (d. 1997)
  • May 3 Pete Staples, English rocker (Troggs-Wild Thing), born in Andover, Hampshire, England
  • May 8 Gary Glitter [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
  • May 9 Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
  • May 10 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)
  • May 12 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • May 13 Betsy Finley Ashton, broadcast journalist/author/lecturer
  • May 13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist
  • May 13 Armistead Maupin, American author
  • May 15 Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
  • May 17 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • May 18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • May 18 W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (d. 2001)
  • May 20 David M Walker, Capt USN/astron (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69), born in Columbus, Georgia

Person of interestDietrich Mateschitz

May 20 Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman and co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, born in Sankt Marein im Mürztal, Styria, Austria

Businessman and Co-founder of Red Bull Dietrich Mateschitz
Businessman and Co-founder of Red Bull
Dietrich Mateschitz
  • May 21 Janet Dailey, American author
  • May 21 Manual Pina, fashion designer
  • May 21 Mary Robinson, President of Republic of Ireland (Labour, 1990- )
  • May 23 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • May 25 Bob Payton, American pizza magnate (The Chicago Pizza Pie Factory), born in Miami, Florida (d. 1994)
  • May 25 Robert MacPherson, American mathematician (invention of intersection homology with Mark Goresk), born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • May 27 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • May 28 Adriaan T "Ad" Zuiderent, poet/critic (On the Droge)

Person of interestRudy Giuliani

May 28 Rudy Giuliani, American Mayor of New York City (Republican: 1994-2001) at the time of the September 11 attacks, born in NYC, New York

Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani
Mayor of New York City
Rudy Giuliani
  • May 29 Quentin Davies, MP (C)
  • May 30 Lenny Davidson, rocker (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over), born in London, England
  • Jun 6 Peter Albin, American rocker (Big Brother and the Holding Company), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 6 David Penhaligon, British politician (President of the Liberal Party) (d. 1986)
  • Jun 6 Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist (Nobel 1993), born in Falmouth, Kentucky
  • Jun 8 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • Jun 9 23 puppies (record litter), born to Lena, a foxhound in Ambler, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 10 Rick Price, rocker (Move)
  • Jun 11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • Jun 11 Barrie Stevens, English-Dutch choreographer (Personals, Young Again), born in London
  • Jun 11 James "Ox" van Hoften, American astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California

Person of interestBan Ki-moon

Jun 13 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • Jun 14 Laurie Colwin, American author (Happy All the Time), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1992)
  • Jun 15 Robert Keppel, American criminologist
  • Jun 16 Joan Barbara Grigor, artist
  • Jun 16 Takamiyama [Jesse Kuhaulua], Hawaii, 1st non-Japanese sumo champion
  • Jun 17 Chris Spedding, English rocker (Sharks), born in Staveley, Derbyshire, England
  • Jun 21 Miguel Vicens, Spanish rocker (Los Bravos), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain
  • Jun 22 Gérard Mourou, French scientist (Nobel Prize for Physics 2018, lasers), born in Albertville, France
  • Jun 24 Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic)
  • Jun 26 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
  • Jun 27 Kees [Cornelis Johannes] Ouwens, Dutch writer and poet (Intimate Acts), born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Jun 29 Collin Peterson, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Fargo, North Dakota
  • Jun 29 Seán Patrick O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • Jun 29 Sisto Malaspina, Australian cafe owner (Pellegrini's) who started Melbourne coffee culture, born in Marche region, Italy
  • Jun 30 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist, physician and author (Life After Life), born in Porterdale, Georgia
  • Jul 6 Byron Berline, American world premier fiddle player, born in Caldwell, Kansas
  • Jul 9 Glen Cook, American sci-fi author (Shadowline, Star's End), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 10 Beaky, rocker (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich)
  • Jul 11 Peter de Savary, English financier/multi-millionaire
  • Jul 11 Myra Gale Brown, former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
  • Jul 12 Bill McCollum Jr., American lawyer and politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Brooksville, Florida

Person of interestErnő Rubik

Jul 13 Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor (Rubik's cube), born in Budapest, Hungary

Inventor Ernő Rubik
Inventor
Ernő Rubik
  • Jul 20 Wim Van Drimmelen, Dutch sect Science Council of Government policy
  • Jul 21 Buchi Emecheta, Nigerian English writer (Price of Bride), born in Lagos (d. 2017)
  • Jul 21 Paul Wellstone, American politician (Sen-D-Minnesota 1991-2002), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2002)
  • Jul 21 John Atta Mills, President of Ghana (2009-2012), born in Tarkwa, Gold Coast (d. 2012)
  • Jul 23 Judith Bosch, Dutch radio and TV-hostess (Tweekamp, Zeskamp), born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • Jul 25 Molly Bennett Aiken, American foundation administrator (riding for the handicapped), born in Hollywood, California
  • Jul 26 Rimantas Stankevičius, Lithuanian cosmonaut, born in Marijampolė, Lithuania (d. 1990)
  • Jul 31 Robert C. Merton, American economist and Nobel laureate in Economics, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 1 Elske ter Veld, Dutch politician (State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • Aug 1 Yury Romanenko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, 38, TM-2), born in Koltubanka, Russia
  • Aug 7 Robert Mueller, American lawyer, FBI Director (2001-13) Special Counsel Russian Investigation (2017-), born in New York City, New York
  • Aug 8 Dapper Dan [Daniel Day], American fashion designer, born in Harlem, New York
  • Aug 9 Smokey Bear, named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin, "born" at U.S. Forest Service
  • Aug 9 Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger, Dutch politician (D66)
  • Aug 11 David Pearl, British judge
  • Aug 15 Thomas J. Murphy Jr., American politician (57th Mayor of Pittsburgh), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 16 Dick Zimmer, (Rep-R-New Jersey)

Person of interestLarry Ellison

Aug 17 Larry Ellison, American businessman (billionaire founder of Oracle Corporation), born in Manhattan, New York

Entrepreneur and Founder of Oracle Larry Ellison
Entrepreneur and Founder of Oracle
Larry Ellison
  • Aug 19 Samuel J de Beer, South Africa vicar/underminister of Education
  • Aug 19 Buzz Kilman, Chicago radio personality
  • Aug 19 Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer (The Price of Water in Finistère), born in Bjärme, Sweden (d. 2016)
  • Aug 19 Charles Wang, Chinese-born philanthropist

Person of interestRajiv Gandhi

Aug 20 Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (1984-89), born in Bombay, British India (d.1991)

Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Indian Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
  • Aug 21 Doug Young, American national and world powerlifting champion, born in Abilene, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Aug 21 Perry Christie, 3rd Prime Minister of the Bahamas, born in Nassau, Bahamas
  • Aug 22 Henk Veldhoen, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Heinenoord, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • Aug 23 Antonia Novello, 14th US Surgeon General (1990-92) 1dt woman and Hispanic holder, born in Farjardo, Puerto Rico
  • Aug 24 Gregory Jarvis, American engineer and astronaut (STS 25), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Aug 25 Sherley Anne Williams, American poet and novelist (Dessa Rose), born in Bakersfield, California
  • Aug 25 Conrad Black, Canadian-born British newspaper magnate, born in Montreal, Quebec

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 200 of 201

  • Jul 23 Bernard M Cohen, attorney, killed at Belsen concentration camp
  • Jul 23 Helmuth J von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 23 Max HHR Nettlau, Austrian historian (Der Anarchismus), dies at 79
  • Jul 24 Jan Postma, leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • Jul 25 Lesley J McNair, US Lieutenant General killed by friendly fire at St-Lo
  • Jul 26 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies of a heart ailment at 66
  • Jul 31 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), dies during a reconnaissance mission at 44

Person of interestManuel L. Quezon

Aug 1 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Aug 3 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 3 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 8 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), hanged at 62
  • Aug 8 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace, dies at 30
  • Aug 10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat, attempted to assassinate Hitler, executed by Nazi regime at 39
  • Aug 12 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy (b. 1915)
  • Aug 18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • Aug 18 Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (Gouverneurs de la Rosée), dies at 37
  • Aug 19 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, commits suicide, dies at 62
  • Aug 25 Krijn van den Helm, resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • Aug 25 Mussa Dshalil, writer, dies
  • Aug 26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • Aug 27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • Aug 28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • Aug 30 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies
  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 10 Jaap P Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 13 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, executed at Dachau at 30
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies

Person of interestGuy Gibson

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander who led the Dambusters (Victoria Cross), dies in action at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), dies in car crash at 82
  • Sep 27 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, dies at 81
  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Alfred "Al" Smith, American politician, 4 time Governor of New York (1919-20 and 1923-28), and 1st Roman Catholic presidential candidate (D, 1928), dies at 70
  • Oct 7 Helmut Lent, German night-fighter ace in World War II, dies at 26
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52
  • Oct 12 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42

Person of interestErwin Rommel

Oct 14 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, Dutch writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), dies at 67
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer, dies at 67 (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 63
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • Oct 28 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., dies at 90
  • Nov 2 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • Nov 3 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), dies at 71
  • Nov 6 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest
  • Nov 6 Walter Guinness, Lord Moyne, Anglo-Irish politician, British prefect (Middle-East), assassinated by Jewish terrorists at 64
  • Nov 6 Boy Ecury [Segundo Jorge Adelberto Ecury], Dutch Resistance fighter in World War II, executed by a German firing squad at 22
  • Nov 7 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, hanged in Tokyo at 49
  • Nov 8 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • Nov 11 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), dies at 79
  • Nov 12 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Wang Jingwei, Chinese politician (21st Premier of the Republic of China 1932-35), dies at61
  • Nov 15 Maarten Reuchlin, resistance fighter, executed
  • Nov 17 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), dies at 34
  • Nov 20 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • Nov 22 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
  • Nov 22 George Clausen, English painter, dies at 92
  • Nov 24 EMHCH Houtappel, resistance fighter: in Neuengamme, dies
  • Nov 27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 28 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • Nov 28 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian, dies
  • Nov 28 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • Nov 28 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), dies at 43
  • Nov 30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

Nov 30 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

US Senator Albert B. Fall
US Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Dec 2 Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • Dec 2 JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
  • Dec 2 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), dies of cardiac arrest at 67
  • Dec 3 Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • Dec 3 Andrew, Prince of Greece and Denmark, dies at 62
  • Dec 10 John Brunt, English soldier and Victoria Cross holder, dies at 22
  • Dec 13 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • Dec 16 Elisabeth ten Boom dies at 59
  • Dec 17 Pieter A. Roodenburgh, student and resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • Dec 19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • Dec 20 Abbas Hilmi II, viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • Dec 23 Charles Dana Gibson, American illustrator (Gibson Girl), dies at 77
  • Dec 28 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck