On This Day

1944 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 724


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jun 4 French general De Gaulle arrives in London

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jun 4 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion
  • Jun 5 Allies march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • Jun 6 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • Jun 7 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy

  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • Jun 10 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

ExecutionGeorge Stinney is Executed

Jun 16 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

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The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
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  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu Japan

  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 17 Iceland dissolves its union with Denmark and declares itself a Republic
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 19 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in the Philippine Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces
  • Jul 1 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 1 Bretton Woods Conference starts, dominated by Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes and leads to establishment of the IMF and the World Bank

  • Jul 1 Graf (Count) Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
  • Jul 1 General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
  • Jul 1 US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
  • Jul 1 Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Sign peace, idiots!"
  • Jul 2 German Field Marshal Günther von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • Jul 3 US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • Jul 4 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jul 4 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, US fleet near Iwo Jima

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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  • Jul 4 Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
  • Jul 4 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • Jul 5 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight
  • Jul 6 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 US General Patton lands in France

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Jul 6 World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey 2nd performance, 168 die (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • Jul 7 RAF Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
  • Jul 7 Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
  • Jul 8 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • Jul 8 Japanese kamikaze attacks on US lines at Saipan
  • Jul 9 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan falls
  • Jul 9 U-740 sunk by depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft
  • Jul 10 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 "Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • Jul 11 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • Jul 12 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • Jul 12 US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
  • Jul 13 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 289 of 289

  • Aug 28 Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate, born in Utah (d. 2018)
  • Sep 2 Claude Nicollier, Swiss astronaut (STS 61-K, 46, 61, 75), born in Vevey, Switzerland
  • Sep 3 Sherwood C. Spring, American astronaut (STS 61B), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Sep 4 Christopher Needler, English businessman, born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • Sep 5 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • Sep 6 Gordon DeMarco, American writer and activist, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • Sep 6 Aubrey Mokoape, South African political anti-apartheid activist and leader (Pan-African Congress and Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Sep 7 Bertel Haarder, Danish politician (Minister of Education), born in Kruså, Denmark
  • Sep 11 Freddy Thielemans, Belgian socialist politician (Mayor of Brussels), born in Laeken, Belgium
  • Sep 12 Leonard Peltier, Native American activist (American Indian Movement), born in Grand Forks, North Dakota
  • Sep 15 Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
  • Sep 17 Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber (Mount Everest), born in Brixen (Bressanone), Italy
  • Sep 18 Charles Lacy Veach, American astronaut (STS 39, STS 52), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Sep 19 Anders Björck, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Nässjö, Jönköping County, Sweden
  • Sep 21 Hamilton Jordan, political advisor (Crisis, Last Year of Carter Pres)
  • Sep 21 Steve Beshear, American politician (D) Governor of Kentucky (2007-2015), born in Dawson Springs, Kentucky
  • Sep 22 John Tanner, (Rep-D-Tennessee)
  • Sep 23 Loren J Shriver, Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS 31, STS 46)
  • Sep 25 Doris Matsui, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Poston, Arizona
  • Sep 27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)
  • Oct 2 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, American sci-fi author (Witling, True Names), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • Oct 3 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy), born in Nordenham, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Oct 3 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician, born in Etterbeek, Belgium
  • Oct 3 Bob Riley, American politician (52nd Governor of Alabama), born in Ashland, Alabama
  • Oct 5 Ben Korthals, Dutch politician and lawyer (VVD), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands
  • Oct 6 Merzak Allouache, director (Salut Cousin, Amour a Paris)
  • Oct 7 Donald Tsang, Former Chief executive of Hong Kong (2005-1012), born in Hong Kong
  • Oct 8 Bruce Morrison, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in New York
  • Oct 10 Christopher Ndodebandla Dlamini, South African trade unionist and SACP-leader, born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Oct 10 Renier Schoeman, South African journalist and politician
  • Oct 15 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • Oct 15 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • Oct 15 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • Oct 15 Kay Ivey, American politician, 54th Governor of Alabama (2017-), born in Camden, Alabama
  • Oct 18 Katherine Kurtz, UK, sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber)
  • Oct 21 Janet Ahlberg, illustrator
  • Oct 25 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator, born in Carville, Louisiana
  • Oct 25 Haruhiko Kuroda, Governor of the Bank of Japan, born in Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Oct 26 Ries Smits, Dutch economist and politician (CDA), born in Tricht, Netherlands
  • Oct 28 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire (Schlecker drug store), born in Ehingen, Germany
  • Oct 29 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer, born in Nuvolento, Brescia, Italy
  • Oct 30 Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • Oct 31 Otto Wiesheu, German politician, born in Zolling, Germany
  • Nov 1 Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia 2011-13, born in Faa'a, Tahiti, French Polynesia
  • Nov 2 Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, American NASA astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, 46, 61, 75) and MIT professor, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 9 Bill Hendon, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1981-83, 85-87), born in Asheville, North Carolina
  • Nov 10 Silvestre Reyes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas 1997-2013), born in Canutillo, Texas
  • Nov 12 Johan van Doorn [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)
  • Nov 13 Wouter R van Romondt, Dutch/Dutch Antillean cartoonist
  • Nov 14 Aditya Biria, industrialist
  • Nov 16 Hugo Dittberner, German writer, born in Gieboldehausen, Germany
  • Nov 16 Oliver Braddick, British psychologist (research on infant visual perception)
  • Nov 17 Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect (Pritzker Prize 2000), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Marcia "Marcy" Carsey, TV executive/producer
  • Nov 21 Dick Durbin, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1983-97, Senator-D-IL, 1997-), born in East St. Louis, Illinois
  • Nov 22 Robert Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph)
  • Nov 23 Jose Torikens, Dutch journalist (Parool, NRC)
  • Nov 23 Peter Lindbergh [Brodbeck], German fashion photographer and director, born in Lissa, German occupied Poland (d. 2019)
  • Nov 24 Claudia Dreifus, interviewer/author (7 Stories)
  • Nov 24 Dan Glickman, (Rep-D-KS, 1977- )
  • Nov 24 Jules Deelder, Dutch poet (T of Vondel)
  • Nov 24 Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar
  • Nov 27 Martin Corbett, English gay rights activist (Gay Liberation Front, OutRage!), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Nov 27 Mickey Leland, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1979-89), born in Lubbock, Texas (d. 1989)
  • Nov 28 Timothy Krajcir, American serial killer
  • Dec 1 Tahar Ben Jelloun, French writer of Moroccan origin
  • Dec 1 Daniel Pennac, French writer, born in Morocco
  • Dec 1 Michael W. Hagee, 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
  • Dec 2 Roger Omond, journalist
  • Dec 2 Ibrahim Rugova, Kosovar nationalist writer and President of Kosovo (1992-2006), born in Crnce, Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (now Kosovo) (d. 2006)
  • Dec 2 Botho Strauß, German author, born in Naumburg, Germany
  • Dec 7 Jamiel Chagra, American drug trafficker, born in El Paso, Texas (d. 2008)
  • Dec 9 Ki Longfellow, American novelist (The Secret Magdalene), born in Staten Island, New York
  • Dec 9 Bob O'Connor, American politician (58th Mayor of Pittsburgh), born in Greenfield Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • Dec 12 Jean Doré, Canadian politician (39th Mayor of Montreal), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2015)
  • Dec 13 Dick Dees, Dutch politician, born in Oostburg, Netherlands

Person of interestChico Mendes

Dec 15 Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist and rubber tapper, born in Xapuri, Brazil (d. 1988)

Environmentalist Chico Mendes
Environmentalist
Chico Mendes
  • Dec 17 Jack L[aurence] Chalker, American sci-fi author (Saga of Well World)
  • Dec 19 Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist and politician, born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • Dec 19 William Christie, American-born director of Les Arts Florissants
  • Dec 19 Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
  • Dec 20 Gernot Wolfgruber, Austrian writer, born in Gmünd, Lower Austria
  • Dec 21 Zheng Xiaoyu, Chinese bureaucrat, born in Fuzhou, China (d. 2007)
  • Dec 23 Wesley Clark, American military officer, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 24 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay, born in Bombay Presidency
  • Dec 28 Johnny Isakson, American politician
  • Dec 28 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Dec 30 William J. Fallon, U.S. Navy Admiral, former U.S. Central Command commander
  • Dec 31 Taylor Hackford, American director (Devil's Advocate, Ray), born in Santa Barbara, California

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

Deaths 201 - 202 of 202

  • Dec 28 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck
  • Dec 30 Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78