Year 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 5 WWII: US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manila, Philippines; month long battle ends 3 years of Japanese military occupation
  • Feb 13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany in which 159,000 die
  • Feb 19 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
  • Feb 23 US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Pulitzer Prize winning photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • Mar 23 Battle of Okinawa: US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa in preparation for the Allied invasion; it would become the largest battle of the Pacific War in World War II
  • Apr 25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • Apr 26 Marshal Philippe P├ętain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II, arrested for treason
  • Apr 27 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)
  • Apr 29 US Army liberates 31,601 people from the Dachau Nazi concentration camp in Germany
  • May 2 More than 1,000,000 German soldiers officially surrender to the Western Allies in Italy and Austria
  • May 2 World War II: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin forcing German commander of the city general Helmuth Weidling to surrender
  • May 3 World War II: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • May 7 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims
  • May 8 V-E Day: World War II ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • May 9 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • Jun 4 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany
  • Jun 26 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco
  • Jul 17 Potsdam Conference: Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill hold 1st post-World War II meeting
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII
  • Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
  • Aug 9 US drops second atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Nagasaki, Japan, destroying part of the city
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status
  • Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands
  • Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
  • Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies
  • Sep 2 V-J Day, formal Surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)
  • Oct 8 Microwave oven patented by US inventor Percy Spencer
  • Oct 11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party
  • Nov 16 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • Nov 20 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers
  • Dec 27 International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries based on ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes
  • More Events in History

Historical Marriages

  • Jan 6 Future 41st US President George H. W. Bush (20) weds Barbara Pierce (19) at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye, New York
  • Apr 29 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the F├╝hrerbunker, Berlin
  • May 22 American paranormal investigator Lorraine Moran (18) weds partner Ed Warren (18)

Historical Divorces

  • Dec 21 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway and journalist Martha Gellhorn divorce after 5 years of marriage.

More Weddings & Divorces in History

1945 in History Pictures