April 1945 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 105

  • Apr 1 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
  • Apr 1 Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
  • Apr 1 Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army
  • Apr 1 US forces invade Okinawa during WW II
  • Apr 2 1st US units reach east coast of Okinawa
  • Apr 2 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established
  • Apr 3 Hengelo freed from Nazi control by Canadian army
  • Apr 3 Nazis begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
  • Apr 3 US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
  • Apr 4 Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • Apr 4 US forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany
  • Apr 4 US tanks and infantry conquer Bielefeld
  • Apr 5 Almelo in The Netherlands is freed
  • Apr 5 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • Apr 6 Coevorden freed from Nazis
  • Apr 6 Giant Japanese battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa
  • Apr 6 Massive kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Okinawa
  • Apr 6 US marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa
  • Apr 7 1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers
  • Apr 7 US B-17s bombs range at Luneburg
  • Apr 7 US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide mission, super battleship Yamato & four destroyers were sunk
  • Apr 8 Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
  • Apr 9 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • Apr 9 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • Apr 9 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • Apr 10 Canadian troops conquer Deventer
  • Apr 10 General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
  • Apr 10 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
  • Apr 10 US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
  • Apr 10 William Schuman & Antony Tudor's ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 11 Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
  • Apr 11 SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
  • Apr 11 US captures Tsugen Shima
  • Apr 11 Four soldiers in the Sixth Armored Division of the US Third Army liberate the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald
  • Apr 11 US troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
  • Apr 12 Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands
  • Apr 12 Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis"
  • Apr 13 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen, Netherlnds, from Nazis
  • Apr 13 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • Apr 13 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • Apr 14 American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
  • Apr 14 Arnhem, Zwolle freed from Nazis
  • Apr 14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • Apr 14 US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • Apr 14 US Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
  • Apr 15 British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 FDR buried in grounds of Hyde Park home

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Communium interpretes dolorum
  • Apr 15 US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz
  • Apr 16 German troops in Groningen surrender

  • Apr 16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • Apr 16 US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
  • Apr 16 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops
  • Apr 17 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Apr 17 German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 17 US troops land in central Mindanao, Philippines during Battle of Mindanao
  • Apr 18 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • Apr 18 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propaganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • Apr 18 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia established
  • Apr 19 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • Apr 19 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • Apr 19 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established
  • Apr 20 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • Apr 20 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • Apr 20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • Apr 20 US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • Apr 21 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • Apr 21 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • Apr 21 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • Apr 21 Soviet army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • Apr 21 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • Apr 22 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
  • Apr 23 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
  • Apr 23 US troops in Italy cross river Po
  • Apr 25 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in San Francisco
  • Apr 25 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • Apr 25 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • Apr 25 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
  • Apr 25 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
  • Apr 25 Soviet forces complete their encirclement of Berlin, cutting off all access points west of the German capital
  • Apr 25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Apr 26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • Apr 27 2nd Republic of Austria forms
  • Apr 27 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)
  • Apr 27 US 5th army enters Genoa
  • Apr 27 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • Apr 28 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • Apr 28 US 5th army reaches Swiss border
  • Apr 29 First food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (Operation Manna)
  • Apr 29 Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
  • Apr 29 German armies in Italy sign an unconditional surrender to the Western Allies to be carried out on 2 May
  • Apr 29 US Army liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany
  • Apr 29 Venice & Mestre captured by the Allies
  • Apr 30 Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed
  • Apr 30 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks
  • Apr 30 Red Army occupies Demmin

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 2 Roger Bootle-Wilbraham, 7th Baron Skelmersdale, British politician
  • Apr 2 Anne Waldman, American poet, born in Millville, New Jersey
  • Apr 3 Wim Deetman, Dutch politician, Minister of Education, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Apr 6 Rodney Bickerstaffe, trade unionist
  • Apr 6 Neal Boortz, American talk radio personality
  • Apr 7 Martin Lewis, British newsreader
  • Apr 7 Joël Robuchon, French chef
  • Apr 8 Derrick Walker, British racing team owner
  • Apr 12 Hilary Nicolle, educationist
  • Apr 12 Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organization, born in Seoul, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • Apr 13 Carlos Gimenez, Argentine/Venezuelan founder (Theater festival of Caracas)
  • Apr 14 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
  • Apr 15 Jos van Rey, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • Apr 16 Tom Allen, American politician
  • Apr 17 Vincent van der Burg, Dutch scientist, lawyer, and politician (CDA)
  • Apr 18 Margaret Hassan, Irish-born aid worker (d. 2004)
  • Apr 22 Alan Dukes, Irish president (Fine Gael
  • Apr 22 Donald Graham, US businessman (Graham Holdings Company, Facebook)
  • Apr 22 Gielijn Escher, Dutch postage stamp artist
  • Apr 22 Robert Key, MP/British undersecretary for National Heritage
  • Apr 26 Sylvain Simard, Quebec politician
  • Apr 27 August Wilson, American playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)
  • Apr 29 Hugh Hopper, rocker (Soft Machine)
  • Apr 30 Annie Dillard, American writer (An American Childhood)
  • Apr 30 Claude van de Berge, [Rony MF Pauwels], Flemish writer (Graph Theory)
  • Apr 30 Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr (51L-Challenger disaster)
  • Apr 30 Mike Beacon, rocker (Ox)
  • Apr 30 Mimi Farina, rocker (Reflections in a Crystal Wind)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 29 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Deaths in History

  • Apr 3 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • Apr 5 Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer, dies at 47
  • Apr 6 Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42
  • Apr 9 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • Apr 9 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • Apr 9 Georg Elser, German failed assassin of Hitler, dies at Dachau concentration camp at 42
  • Apr 10 Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • Apr 10 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • Apr 11 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish author and resistance fighter (Mensch op Weg), dies at 29

Person of interestFranklin D. Roosevelt

Apr 12 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies in office of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • Apr 17 Hannie Schaft, "Girl with red hair," executed
  • Apr 17 Ion Pillat, Romania poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
  • Apr 17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • Apr 18 John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies
  • Apr 18 Ernie Pyle, American correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize 1944), dies at 44
  • Apr 19 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 21 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • Apr 22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • Apr 23 Albrecht Haushofer, writer, dies at 42
  • Apr 24 Anton de Kom, Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • Apr 24 Antoon Schweigmann, Dutch religious poet and resistance fighter, dies at 51
  • Apr 26 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general, dies at 71
  • Apr 26 Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor (b. 1909)

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

Apr 28 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 28 Claretta Petacci, mistress of Mussolini, executed
  • Apr 28 Hans Bloesch, writer, dies
  • Apr 28 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist (b. 1892)
  • Apr 29 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

Apr 30 Adolf Hitler, German Dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 30 Eva Braun, German mistress/wife of Hitler, commits suicide at 33