On This Day

June 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • Jun 4 6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • Jun 4 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany
  • Jun 5 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • Jun 6 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jun 9 -10] Australian troops land in Brunei Bay, North Borneo
  • Jun 10 US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
  • Jun 12 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • Jun 13 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • Jun 15 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • Jun 17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 18 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • Jun 21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa
  • Jun 23 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • Jun 24 Schermerhorn government forms in the Netherlands
  • Jun 24 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • Jun 25 Allied landing at Ternate, capital of the Maluku Islands in modern day Indonesia
  • Jun 25 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

Jun 26 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

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Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
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  • Jun 27 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • Jun 28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • Jun 29 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • Jun 29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • Jun 30 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 4 Daniel Topolski, British writer and rowing coach, born in London (d. 2015)
  • Jun 4 Ivan "Ironman" Stewart, American Mickey Thompson off-road champion (1983, 84, 90), born in Oklahoma
  • Jun 6 David Bonior, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jun 7 Wolfgang Schüssel, Austrian People's Party politician, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jun 8 Donna Deitch, American film and TV director (Sexual Advances, Women of Brewster Place), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 9 Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater

Person of interestRobert Munsch

Jun 11 Robert Munsch, Canadian children's author (The Paper Bag Princess, Love You Forever), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Children's Author Robert Munsch
Children's Author
Robert Munsch
  • Jun 12 Alfred Gell, British social anthropologist (d. 1997)
  • Jun 13 Ronald J Grabe, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-J, 30, 42, 57), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 13 Whitley Strieber, American author (The Wolfen, The Hunger), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Jun 15 Miriam Defensor-Santiago, Philippine senator
  • Jun 15 Lawrence Wilkerson, American retired military officer
  • Jun 16 Lucienne Robillard, Canadian politician
  • Jun 17 Tommy Franks, American general, born in Wynnewood, Oklahoma
  • Jun 17 Ken Livingstone, English politician (Mayor of London 2000-08), born in London

Person of interestAung San Suu Kyi

Jun 19 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Jun 19 Tobias Wolff, American writer (This Boy's Life)
  • Jun 19 Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • Jun 20 David S Monson, (Rep-R-UT, 1985- )
  • Jun 20 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • Jun 21 Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher and poet, born in Lvov, Poland
  • Jun 23 K B Wilson, methodist Preacher/Principal (Westminster College Oxford)
  • Jun 23 John Garang, Sudanese leader and politician (d. 2005)
  • Jun 23 Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer
  • Jun 24 Colin Blunstone, England, rocker (Zombies-Never Even Thought)
  • Jun 24 George Pataki, American politician (Gov-R-NY, 1995-2006), born in Peekskill, New York
  • Jun 26 Dwight York, Nuwaubian leader (Nuwaubian Nation), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jun 27 Norma Kamali, American dress designer (Costumes for the Wiz), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 27 Omar Badsha, South African photographer, trade unionist and political activist, born in Durban, South Africa
  • Jun 28 Jane Harman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 29 Chandrika Kumaratunga, first female President of Sri Lanka (1994-2005), born in Colombo, British Ceylon

Deaths in History

  • Jun 4 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • Jun 6 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, Dutch Nazi collaborator (National Socialist Movement (1937-41), commits suicide at 51
  • Jun 7 Nishida Kitaro, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), dies at 74
  • Jun 8 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41

Person of interestEmil Hácha

Jun 12 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), dies in prison in mysterious circumstances at 72

President of Czechoslovakia Emil Hácha
President of Czechoslovakia
Emil Hácha
  • Jun 16 Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • Jun 18 Harold C. Roberts, American commandant 22nd regiment marines (3 Navy Crosses), dies in battle during Okinawa campaign at 46
  • Jun 18 Simon Bolivar Buckner, American Lieutenant General of 10th Army, dies in action during Battle of Okinawa at 58
  • Jun 18 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, dies at 82
  • Jun 20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • Jun 21 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • Jun 22 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 22 Mitsuri Ushijima, Japanese lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 23 Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa