On This Day

November 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • Nov 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • Nov 6 House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • Nov 6 The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down
  • Nov 8 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
  • Nov 10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania
  • Nov 10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • Nov 12 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • Nov 13 Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
  • Nov 14 H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • Nov 15 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame
  • Nov 16 Yeshiva College (University), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
  • Nov 16 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • Nov 16 Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96)
  • Nov 17 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

Nov 20 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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  • Nov 20 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague
  • Nov 21 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres
  • Nov 21 General Motors workers go on strike
  • Nov 23 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • Nov 26 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Gen George Marshall named special US envoy to China

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Nov 27 Trial against NSB-leader Mussert begins
  • Nov 27 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • Nov 29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 5 Peter Pace, 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 5 Aleka Papariga, Greek politician (General Secretary of Communist Party of Greece 1991-2013), born in Athens, Greece
  • Nov 6 Robert J. Mrazek, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1983-93), born in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Nov 8 David Jessel, British TV reporter, born in Abingdon, Berkshire, England

Person of interestDaniel Ortega

Nov 11 Daniel Ortega, Nicaraguan politician (President of Nicaragua, 1985-90, 2007-present), born in La Libertad, Nicaragua

President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader Daniel Ortega
President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader
Daniel Ortega
  • Nov 12 Michael Bishop, American sci-fi author (Nebula, Stolen Faces)
  • Nov 12 Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
  • Nov 13 John B. Craig, American diplomat, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 14 Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian First Lady (d. 2005)
  • Nov 17 Jeremy Hanley, British Lower house member
  • Nov 17 Roland Joffe, director (City of Joy, Mission, Killing Fields)
  • Nov 18 Wilma Mankiller, Native American activist, 1st woman chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • Nov 20 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author, born in Boudouaou, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • Nov 23 Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer
  • Nov 23 Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • Nov 25 Patrick Nagel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Nov 26 Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Nov 27 Alain de Cadenet, SPEED Channel personality
  • Nov 30 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1994)

Deaths in History

  • Nov 2 Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • Nov 8 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, dies at 95
  • Nov 16 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
  • Nov 17 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, dies at 63
  • Nov 20 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)

Person of interestAlexander Patch

Nov 21 Alexander Patch, American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), dies of pneumonia at 55

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • Nov 21 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, American novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942), dies at 72