On This Day

1945 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 547

  • Feb 25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • Feb 26 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • Feb 27 Battle of US 94 Infantry
  • Mar 1 British 43rd Division under General Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • Mar 1 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi

Conference of InterestYalta Conference

Mar 1 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces success of Yalta Conference

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Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin
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  • Mar 1 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • Mar 2 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Mar 2 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Mar 3 Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Mar 3 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
  • Mar 3 Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
  • Mar 3 US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
  • Mar 3 US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
  • Mar 4 Finland declares war on Nazi Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II

  • Mar 5 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Mar 5 Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, George S. Patton and Alexander Patch meet in Lunéville, France

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • Mar 5 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • Mar 5 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 5 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • Mar 6 Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
  • Mar 6 Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee Nazis
  • Mar 6 Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires
  • Mar 6 Dutch resistance fighters kill two, and injure one Nazi officer in an attempt to hijack food supplies at de Woeste Hoeve, Netherlands
  • Mar 7 Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • Mar 7 Cologne taken by allied armies
  • Mar 7 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Yugoslavia government of Josep Broz Tito forms

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Mar 8 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst (SD) intelligence agency executes 116 prisoners, and one reluctant police official, at de Woeste Hoeve, Netherlands in response to raid by resistance forces two days earlier
  • Mar 8 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • Mar 8 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 8 International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • Mar 8 Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn in as US Navy ensign

JapanFirebombing of Tokyo

Mar 9 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs

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The aftermath of the single deadliest air raid of World War II, the firebombing of Tokyo
The aftermath of the single deadliest air raid of World War II, the firebombing of Tokyo
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  • Mar 9 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • Mar 10 Germany blows up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • Mar 10 Japan grants occupied Vietnam independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 10 Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
  • Mar 10 US troops land in western Mindanao, Philippines in Operation VICTOR IV
  • Mar 11 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
  • Mar 11 Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
  • Mar 12 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 12 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • Mar 12 NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race and creed in employment
  • Mar 12 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Mar 13 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst arrests Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • Mar 14 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • Mar 15 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
  • Mar 16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers
  • Mar 17 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
  • Mar 18 US Army Air Force completes largest bombing raid on Berlin Germany: Over 1200 bombers drop 3,000 tons of explosives [1]
  • Mar 18 US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kyushu, Japan
  • Mar 19 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Mar 19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • Mar 19 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • Mar 20 US 70th Infantry Division captures Saarbrucken, immediately prior the invasion of Germany by the western Allies
  • Mar 21 1st Japanese kamikaze "flying bombs" (MXY-7 Ohka) attack Okinawa
  • Mar 21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • Mar 21 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • Mar 22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt
  • Mar 22 US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
  • Mar 23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine into Germany

Battle of InterestBattle of Okinawa

Mar 23 Battle of Okinawa: US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa in preparation for the Allied invasion; it would become the largest battle of the Pacific War in World War II

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British navy vessel HMS Formidable on fire during the Battle of Okinawa after being struck by a kamikaze
British navy vessel HMS Formidable on fire during the Battle of Okinawa after being struck by a kamikaze
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  • Mar 23 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 The Swallow Sidecar Company headed by William Lyons agrees to change its name to Jaguar

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Lt. Gen. Miles Dempsey becomes the first British commander to cross the Rhine during the Allied invasion of Germany

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 24 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Bernard Montgomery and Omar Bradley discuss advance in Germany

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Mar 24 Operation Varsity: In the largest one-day airborne operation of all time, British, US & Canadian paratroopers land east of the Rhine in Northern Germany
  • Mar 24 US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
  • Mar 25 US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen, Germany after crossing the Rhine
  • Mar 25 US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
  • Mar 25 US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Mar 26 Allies led by US Marine Corps secure island of Iwo Jima from Imperial Japanese Army, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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  • Mar 26 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
  • Mar 26 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and George S. Patton launch attack at Remagen on the Rhine
  • Mar 26 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • Mar 26 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
  • Mar 27 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
  • Mar 27 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title
  • Mar 27 General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken
  • Mar 27 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • Mar 27 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • Mar 28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • Mar 29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England
  • Mar 30 289 anti-fascists murdered by Nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
  • Mar 30 USSR invades Austria
  • Mar 30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans
  • Mar 31 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 31 Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 31 US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
  • Apr 1 World War II: Canadian troops free the Dutch cities of Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
  • Apr 1 World War II: The Ruhr Pocket of German forces are encircled by the US Ninth Army and US First Army, eventually leading to the capture of 317,000 German troops
  • Apr 1 Battle of Okinawa: US ground forces invade Okinawa during World War II in the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific theatre
  • Apr 2 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 277

  • May 16 Brewster H Shaw Jr, Mich, Col USAF/astro (STS-9, STS 61B, STS-28)
  • May 16 James Moran, (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • May 17 D A S Pennefather, Maj-General/Commandant (General Royal Marines)
  • May 17 George Miller, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1975-2015), born in Richmond, California
  • May 18 John Richard Patterson, businessman
  • May 18 Maarten van Traa, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • May 20 Harold E Ford, (Rep-D-TN, 1975- )
  • May 20 Lord Hollick, CEO (MAI)
  • May 20 Nikolai Nikolayevich Fefelov, Russian colonel and cosmonaut
  • May 20 Wally Herger, (Rep-R-California)
  • May 20 Vladimiro Montesinos, Peruvian politician
  • May 21 Ernst Willi Messerschmid, Reutlingen Germany, astronaut (STS 22)
  • May 23 Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • May 24 Richard Ottaway, British politician (C), born in Sonning, Berkshire
  • May 24 Steven Norris, British Conservative politician, born in Liverpool, England
  • May 25 Dave Lee Travis [David Griffin], British DJ and presenter (Top of the Pops], convicted of indecent assault, born in Buxton, Derbyshire
  • May 28 Hunter "Patch" Adams, American doctor
  • May 28 John N. Bambacus, American politician
  • May 29 Lord Fraser of Carmyllie, Minister of State (Scotland)
  • May 30 Richard Divila, Brazilian motorsports designer (Fittipaldi Automotive; Ligier, Nissan), born in São Paulo, Brazil (d. 2020)
  • May 31 Linda Davies, British Judge
  • May 31 Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist
  • Jun 4 Daniel Topolski, British writer and rowing coach, born in London (d. 2015)
  • Jun 4 Ivan "Ironman" Stewart, American Mickey Thompson off-road champion (1983, 84, 90), born in Oklahoma
  • Jun 6 David Bonior, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jun 7 Wolfgang Schüssel, Austrian People's Party politician, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jun 8 Donna Deitch, American film and TV director (Sexual Advances, Women of Brewster Place), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 9 Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater

Person of interestRobert Munsch

Jun 11 Robert Munsch, Canadian children's author (The Paper Bag Princess, Love You Forever), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Children's Author Robert Munsch
Children's Author
Robert Munsch
  • Jun 12 Alfred Gell, British social anthropologist (d. 1997)
  • Jun 13 Ronald J Grabe, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-J, 30, 42, 57), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 13 Whitley Strieber, American author (The Wolfen, The Hunger), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Jun 15 Miriam Defensor-Santiago, Philippine senator
  • Jun 15 Lawrence Wilkerson, American retired military officer
  • Jun 16 Lucienne Robillard, Canadian politician
  • Jun 17 Tommy Franks, American general, born in Wynnewood, Oklahoma
  • Jun 17 Ken Livingstone, English politician (Mayor of London 2000-08), born in London

Person of interestAung San Suu Kyi

Jun 19 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Jun 19 Tobias Wolff, American writer (This Boy's Life)
  • Jun 19 Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • Jun 20 David S Monson, (Rep-R-UT, 1985- )
  • Jun 20 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • Jun 21 Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher and poet, born in Lvov, Poland
  • Jun 23 K B Wilson, methodist Preacher/Principal (Westminster College Oxford)
  • Jun 23 John Garang, Sudanese leader and politician (d. 2005)
  • Jun 23 Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer
  • Jun 24 Colin Blunstone, England, rocker (Zombies-Never Even Thought)
  • Jun 24 George Pataki, American politician (Gov-R-NY, 1995-2006), born in Peekskill, New York
  • Jun 26 Dwight York, Nuwaubian leader (Nuwaubian Nation), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jun 27 Norma Kamali, American dress designer (Costumes for the Wiz), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 27 Omar Badsha, South African photographer, trade unionist and political activist, born in Durban, South Africa
  • Jun 28 Jane Harman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 29 Chandrika Kumaratunga, first female President of Sri Lanka (1994-2005), born in Colombo, British Ceylon
  • Jul 3 Michael Martin, British politician and Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09), born in Glasgow (d. 2018)
  • Jul 5 Dick Scoppettone, American rocker (Harpers Bizarre), born in Santa Cruz, California
  • Jul 5 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican politician and Attorney General of the Republic of Mexico, born in Zacualpan, Mexico
  • Jul 6 Rik Elswit, American rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place), born in California
  • Jul 6 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator, born in Paulton, England
  • Jul 7 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • Jul 8 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • Jul 9 Dean Koontz, American sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild), born in Everett, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 9 Lewis F. Payne Jr., American politician (Rep-D-Virginia), born in Amherst, Virginia
  • Jul 9 Root Boy Slim [Foster MacKenzie III], American entertainer, born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1993)
  • Jul 11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • Jul 13 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • Jul 15 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Diana Warwick, Baroness Warwick of Undercliffe, Labour member of the House of Lords
  • Jul 17 Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, born in Claridge's, London
  • Jul 18 Danny McCulloch, English rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • Jul 19 Edwin Schlossberg, American designer, author and husband of Carolyn Kennedy, born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 20 Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), born in Sète, Hérault (d. 1945)
  • Jul 21 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)
  • Jul 24 Azim Premji, Indian businessman

Person of interestJim Davis

Jul 28 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • Jul 30 Patrick Modiano, French novelist (Nobel 2014), born in Boulogne-Billancourt, France
  • Jul 31 Bill Weld, American politician (Governor (R) Massachusetts 1991-97), born in Smithtown, New York
  • Aug 1 Douglas Osheroff, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Aberdeen, Washington
  • Aug 2 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 2 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • Aug 2 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer, born in Salzburg, Austria
  • Aug 4 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • Aug 6 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • Aug 9 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • Aug 10 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • Aug 10 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • Aug 10 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • Aug 13 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician (Minister of Health and Social Affairs), born in Sala, Sweden
  • Aug 13 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 14 Jennifer d'Abo, British entrepreneur (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
  • Aug 15 Thomas C. Sawyer, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Aug 15 Begum Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1991-96 and 2001-06), born in Dinajpur, Bangladesh
  • Aug 22 Derek Fatchett, British Labour politician, born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1999)
  • Aug 22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey

Person of interestMarsha P. Johnson

Aug 24 Marsha P. Johnson [born Malcolm Michaels Jr.], African-American gay liberation and AIDS activist, drag queen, and transgender pioneer (Gay Liberation Front, S.T.A.R.), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1992)

Transgender Activist and Drag Queen Marsha P. Johnson
Transgender Activist and Drag Queen
Marsha P. Johnson
  • Aug 26 Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • Aug 26 Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania), born in Munhall, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 31 Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • Sep 1 Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
  • Sep 9 Omukama Patrick David Matthew Olimi Kaboyo II, king of Toro

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 190 of 190


Person of interestMartin Bormann

May 2 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), most likely commits suicide age 44 [remains identified in 1972]

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • May 2 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • May 4 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), dies at 64
  • May 5 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • May 5 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die during World War II on US soil when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that lands in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • May 8 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • May 10 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, committed suicide at 56
  • May 14 Heber J. Grant, 7th President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dies at 88
  • May 15 Major Courtney, US medal of honor marine, dies in battle of Sugar Loaf
  • May 15 Charles Williams, British poet and writer, dies at 58
  • May 17 Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies
  • May 17 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • May 19 Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)
  • May 22 Carel Adolph Lion Cachet, Dutch lithographer and wood carver, dies at 80

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

May 23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader (head of the SS), commits suicide while in Allied custody at 44

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • May 25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • May 30 Irma Laplasse, Flemish farmer/nazi collaborator, executed
  • Jun 4 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • Jun 6 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, Dutch Nazi collaborator (National Socialist Movement (1937-41), commits suicide at 51
  • Jun 7 Nishida Kitaro, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), dies at 74
  • Jun 8 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41

Person of interestEmil Hácha

Jun 12 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), dies in prison in mysterious circumstances at 72

President of Czechoslovakia Emil Hácha
President of Czechoslovakia
Emil Hácha
  • Jun 16 Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • Jun 18 Harold C. Roberts, American commandant 22nd regiment marines (3 Navy Crosses), dies in battle during Okinawa campaign at 46
  • Jun 18 Simon Bolivar Buckner, American Lieutenant General of 10th Army, dies in action during Battle of Okinawa at 58
  • Jun 18 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, dies at 82
  • Jun 20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • Jun 21 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • Jun 22 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 22 Mitsuri Ushijima, Japanese lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 23 Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • Jul 5 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), dies of heart disease at 60
  • Jul 7 Salomėja Nėris [Salomėja Bačinskaitė-Bučienė], Lithuanian poet, dies of cancer at 40
  • Jul 12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • Jul 12 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), dies at 49
  • Jul 17 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (WWII), dies at 60
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73
  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)

Person of interestRobert H. Goddard

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, American Rocket Pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), dies of throat cancer at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs [Louis], Dutch catholic priest and resistance fighter in WWII, dies in car accident at 39
  • Aug 18 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian revolutionary and nationalist, dies of injuries from a plane crash at 48
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (founder of Villa Lo Burgos), dies at 69
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), dies at 54
  • Sep 6 John S. Mccain Snr., US admiral, (WW II-Pacific Ocean), dies of a heart attack at 61
  • Sep 15 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
  • Sep 16 Johannes "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch missionary and philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • Sep 20 William Buehler Seabrook, Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • Sep 20 Augusto Tasso Fragoso, Brazilian president (b. 1869)

Person of interestEduard Wirths

Sep 20 Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician at Auschwitz, commits suicide at 36

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • Sep 24 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), dies at 62
  • Sep 25 Charles A Ellwood, US sociologist/psychologist, dies at 72
  • Sep 26 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, dies at 78
  • Oct 1 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45
  • Oct 8 Herman Theodoor Colenbrander, Dutch historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 76
  • Oct 12 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida

Person of interestMilton S. Hershey

Oct 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

BattlePierre Laval

Oct 15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Oct 24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide

Person of interestVidkun Quisling

Oct 24 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), executed for collaborating with the Nazis at 58

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling
  • Oct 26 Paul Pelliot, French Sinologist and Orientalist best known for his explorations of Central Asia and his discovery of many important Chinese texts among the Dunhuang manuscripts, dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • Oct 29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • Nov 2 Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • Nov 8 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, dies at 95
  • Nov 16 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
  • Nov 17 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, dies at 63
  • Nov 20 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)

Person of interestAlexander Patch

Nov 21 Alexander Patch, American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), dies of pneumonia at 55

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • Nov 21 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, American novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942), dies at 72
  • Dec 4 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), dies at 79
  • Dec 10 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, dies at 32
  • Dec 11 Charles Fabry, French physicist, discoverer of ozone layer in upper atmosphere, dies at 78
  • Dec 13 Robert van Genechten, Dutch Nazi (NSB), commits suicide
  • Dec 13 Elisabeth Volkenrath, supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
  • Dec 14 Henry van Goudoever, Dutch lawyer & judge, dies on his 69th birthday
  • Dec 14 Josef Kramer, German Nazi war criminal ("The Beast of Belsen"), hanged at 39
  • Dec 16 Fumimaro Konu, Japanese prince/PM (1937-39, 40-41), commits harakiri
  • Dec 16 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist and founder of Fiat, dies at 79

Person of interestGeorge S. Patton

Dec 21 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", dies of congestive heart failure at 60

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Dec 22 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), dies at 63
  • Dec 23 Mogens Klitgaard, Danish author (Brunkul), dies at 39
  • Dec 28 Theodore Dreiser, American novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74