On This Day

1945 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 548

  • Apr 3 World War II: Dutch city of Hengelo freed from Nazi control by the Canadian Army
  • Apr 4 World War II: Soviet forces liberate Hungary from German occupation, establishing their own communist satellite state. This was celebrated as Liberation Day until 1989.
  • Apr 4 The Holocaust: US forces liberate the Ohrdruf concentration camp in Germany, the first such camp to be liberated by the US Army
  • Apr 4 World War II: US Army occupies Bielefeld in north-eastern Germany
  • Apr 5 World War II: Dutch city of Almelo is freed by the Second Canadian Corps
  • Apr 6 The Holocaust: Nazis begin evacuating prisoners from Buchenwald concentration camp
  • Apr 6 World War II: Dutch city of Coevorden freed from German occupation by Canadian forces
  • Apr 6 Battle of Okinawa: Giant Japanese battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa with orders to beach herself and be destroyed defending the island
  • Apr 7 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as Prime Minister of Japan after the US invasion of Okinawa; he is replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • Apr 7 Battle of Okinawa: Massive kamikaze attack of around 110 Japanese aircraft damages three US battleships off Okinawa island
  • Apr 7 Sonderkommando Elbe, special Luftwaffe units designed to destroy Allied planes by ramming them mid-air, are sent on their first and only mission of World War II
  • Apr 7 Battle of Okinawa: US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide mission, super battleship Yamato and four destroyers are sunk
  • Apr 8 Dutch Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
  • Apr 9 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • Apr 9 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • Apr 9 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.

  • Apr 10 Canadian troops conquer Deventer
  • Apr 10 General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
  • Apr 10 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
  • Apr 10 US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
  • Apr 10 William Schuman & Antony Tudor's ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 11 Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
  • Apr 11 SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
  • Apr 11 US captures Tsugen Shima
  • Apr 11 Four soldiers in the Sixth Armored Division of the US Third Army liberate the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald
  • Apr 11 US troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
  • Apr 12 Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands

Person of InterestDeath of FDR

Apr 12 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies in office and Vice President Harry Truman is sworn in as 33rd US President

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The famous unfinished portrait of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, started by Elizabeth Shoumatoff on the day of his death
The famous unfinished portrait of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, started by Elizabeth Shoumatoff on the day of his death
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  • Apr 13 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen, Netherlands, from Nazis
  • Apr 13 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • Apr 13 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • Apr 13 Canadian soldier Léo Major single-handedly liberates Dutch town of Zwolle by fooling Germans into thinking a raid had begun
  • Apr 14 American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
  • Apr 14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • Apr 14 US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • Apr 14 US Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa

  • Apr 15 British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 FDR buried in grounds of Hyde Park home

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Apr 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical "Communium Interpretes Dolorum"

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Apr 15 US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz
  • Apr 16 Battle of Okinawa: US Army invades and seizes the Ie Shima Airfield on Ie Shima island near Okinawa
  • Apr 16 World War II: Dutch town of Arnhem, site of failed Operation Market Garden, is freed by British and Canadian forces
  • Apr 16 German troops in Groningen surrender

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

Apr 16 Battle of Berlin: Red Army begins its attack on the capital of Nazi Germany

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Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
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  • Apr 16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • Apr 16 US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
  • Apr 16 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops
  • Apr 17 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Apr 17 German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 17 US troops land in central Mindanao, Philippines during Battle of Mindanao
  • Apr 18 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • Apr 18 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propaganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • Apr 18 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia established
  • Apr 19 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • Apr 19 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • Apr 19 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established
  • Apr 20 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • Apr 20 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • Apr 20 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • Apr 20 US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • Apr 21 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • Apr 21 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • Apr 21 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • Apr 21 Soviet army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • Apr 21 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • Apr 22 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated

BattleBattle of Interest

Apr 22 Battle of Berlin: Upon being informed that a planned counter-attack never happened, Adolf Hitler flies into a rage, denounces the German Army and concedes World War II is lost

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 22 SS chief Heinrich Himmler secretly meets with Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden, asking him to act as an intermediary for a surrender offer to the Western Allies. The Allies do not take the offer seriously.

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Apr 23 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
  • Apr 23 US troops in Italy cross river Po
  • Apr 25 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in San Francisco
  • Apr 25 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • Apr 25 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • Apr 25 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
  • Apr 25 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
  • Apr 25 Soviet forces complete their encirclement of Berlin, cutting off all access points west of the German capital
  • Apr 25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II, arrested for treason

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Apr 26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • Apr 27 2nd Republic of Austria forms
  • Apr 27 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)
  • Apr 27 US 5th army enters Genoa
  • Apr 27 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • Apr 28 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • Apr 28 US 5th army reaches Swiss border
  • Apr 29 First food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (Operation Manna)
  • Apr 29 Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
  • Apr 29 German armies in Italy sign an unconditional surrender to the Western Allies to be carried out on 2 May
  • Apr 29 US Army liberates 31,601 people from the Dachau Nazi concentration camp in Germany
  • Apr 29 Venice & Mestre captured by the Allies
  • Apr 30 Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 30 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • Apr 30 Red Army occupies Demmin
  • Apr 30 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
  • Apr 30 Soviet Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • Apr 30 US troops attack the Elbe
  • Apr 30 Record 48 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month
  • Apr 30 Adolf Hitler commits suicide along with his new wife Eva Braun in the Fuhrerbunker in Berlin as the Red Army captures the city
  • May 1 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 277 of 277

  • Sep 10 Rein van den Broek, Dutch trumpeteer (Ekseption)
  • Sep 10 [Richard] Mike Mullane, American USAF, astronaut (STS 41-D, STS-27, STS-36), born in Wichita Falls, Texas
  • Sep 12 Vern Lindblad, Turkologist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • Sep 12 Richard Thaler, American economist (nudge theory, Nobel Prize 2017), born in East Orange, New Jersey
  • Sep 13 Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician and journalist, born in Ockelbo, Gävleborg County, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • Sep 21 Bjarni V Tryggvason, Reykjavik Iceland, astronaut (STS 85)
  • Sep 21 Ombrettqa Colli, Italian entertainer
  • Sep 21 Shaw Clifton, the 18th General of The Salvation Army
  • Sep 23 Igor Ivanov, Russian politician
  • Sep 24 David Drake, American sci-fi author, veteran and lawyer (Cross the Stars, Rolling Hot), born in the United States
  • Sep 24 Lou Dobbs, American journalist (Lou Dobbs Tonight), born in Childress County, Texas
  • Sep 25 Kathleen Brown, American Democratic politician (29th Treasurer of California), born in San Francisco, California
  • Sep 26 Louise Beaudoin, French Canadian politician, born in Quebec City, Quebec
  • Sep 27 Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (d. 2003)
  • Sep 27 Kay Ryan, American poet (Hide and Seek), born in San Jose, California
  • Sep 29 Sarah Tyacke, Keeper of British Public Records
  • Sep 30 Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
  • Sep 30 Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
  • Oct 1 Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • Oct 1 Ram Nath Kovind, Indian politician, 14th President of India (2017-), born in Paraukh, British India
  • Oct 2 Frank Tejeda, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Oct 3 Kay Baxter, American bodybuilder (NPC Gold's Classic 1981), born in Monroe County, Ohio (d. 1988)
  • Oct 6 Domonic Barber, American celebrity attorney (Howard Stern, Jessica Hahn, Joe Buttafucco)
  • Oct 13 Dési Bouterse, Surinamese politician (8th President of Suriname), born in Domburg, Surinam
  • Oct 16 Paul Monette, American writer and LBT activist, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • Oct 18 Christopher Shays, (Rep-R-Connecticut)
  • Oct 19 Ahmed Abel-Wadoud Karadawi, academic/activist
  • Oct 19 Patricia Ireland, feminist/president (National Organization of Women)
  • Oct 20 Vladimir Kozlov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow (d. 2012)
  • Oct 21 Nikita Mikhalkov, director (Dark Eyes, Slave of Love)
  • Oct 24 Anthony Christian, English artist
  • Oct 24 Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive, born in Ham-Nord, Quebec
  • Oct 25 David Schramm, American astrophysicist (pioneer in establishing particle astrophysics as a vibrant research field), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1997)
  • Oct 26 Pat Conroy, American writer (The Great Santini, Prince of Tides), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • Oct 26 Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author, born in Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Oct 27 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, 35th President of Brazil (2003-11), born in Caetés, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Oct 30 Glenn Poshard, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois), born in Herald, Illinois
  • Nov 5 Peter Pace, 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 5 Aleka Papariga, Greek politician (General Secretary of Communist Party of Greece 1991-2013), born in Athens, Greece
  • Nov 6 Robert J. Mrazek, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1983-93), born in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Nov 8 David Jessel, British TV reporter, born in Abingdon, Berkshire, England

Person of interestDaniel Ortega

Nov 11 Daniel Ortega, Nicaraguan politician (President of Nicaragua, 1985-90, 2007-), born in La Libertad, Nicaragua

President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader Daniel Ortega
President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader
Daniel Ortega
  • Nov 12 Michael Bishop, American sci-fi author (Nebula, Stolen Faces)
  • Nov 12 Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
  • Nov 13 John B. Craig, American diplomat, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 14 Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian First Lady (d. 2005)
  • Nov 17 Jeremy Hanley, British Lower house member
  • Nov 17 Roland Joffe, director (City of Joy, Mission, Killing Fields)
  • Nov 18 Wilma Mankiller, Native American activist, 1st woman chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • Nov 20 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author, born in Boudouaou, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • Nov 23 Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer
  • Nov 23 Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • Nov 25 Patrick Nagel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Nov 26 Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Nov 30 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • Dec 4 Michael Gerzon, British mathematician and audio pioneer (Ambisonics), born in Birmingham (d. 1996)
  • Dec 4 Roberta Lynn Bondar, Canadian neurologist and astronaut (STS 42), born in Sault Sainte Marie, Ontario
  • Dec 5 J W "Corkey" Fornof, American stunt coordinator (Octopussy), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Dec 6 Dan Harrington, American professional poker player, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Dec 8 John Banville, Irish novelist and journalist
  • Dec 12 Karl Edward Wagner, American sci-fi author (Bloodstone, Night Winds), born in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • Dec 13 Ann Syrdal, American psychologist and computer science researcher (developed female synthetic voices at AT&T), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2020)

Person of interestMichael King

Dec 15 Michael King, New Zealand historian and author (Penguin History of New Zealand), born in Wellington, New Zealand

Historian and Author Michael King
Historian and Author
Michael King
  • Dec 16 Yukio Hattori, Japanese Iron Chef commentator
  • Dec 17 Chris Matthews, American journalist
  • Dec 17 Jacqueline Wilson, English author
  • Dec 18 Birenda Bir Bikram, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • Dec 21 Millie Hughes-Fulford, American scientist & astronaut (STS 40), born in Mineral Wells, Texas
  • Dec 22 Joris J. C. Voorhoeve, Dutch Defense minister (1994-, VVD), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 23 Donald A. Ritchie, American Historian Emeritus of the United States Senate, born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 25 Mike Pringle, Scottish politician
  • Dec 28 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • Dec 28 Max Hastings, British editor-in-chief (Daily Telegraph)
  • Dec 28 Mike Gibbons, American rocker (Bo Donaldson & the Heywoods-Billy Don't be a Hero), (d. 2016)
  • Dec 29 Adje Roland, Dutch radio disc jockey, born in Rhenen, Netherlands
  • Dec 30 John Kevin Moorhouse, test pilot
  • Dec 31 Claude Marks, FALN member (FBI most wanted), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History