On This Day

1945 in History (Part 6)

Events in History

Events 501 - 547 of 547


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Oct 30 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • Nov 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • Nov 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • Nov 6 House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • Nov 6 The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down
  • Nov 8 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • Nov 10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • Nov 12 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • Nov 13 Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
  • Nov 14 H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • Nov 15 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame
  • Nov 16 Yeshiva College (University), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
  • Nov 16 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

  • Nov 16 Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96)
  • Nov 17 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

Nov 20 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 20 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Nov 21 General Motors workers go on strike
  • Nov 23 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • Nov 26 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 General George Marshall named special US envoy to China

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Nov 27 Trial against Dutch Fascist NSB leader Anton Mussert begins (later convicted and executed by firing squad)
  • Nov 27 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • Nov 29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
  • Dec 4 Senate approves US participation in United Nations
  • Dec 5 Flight 19 the "Lost Squadron" of 5 torpedo bombers and 14 airmen is lost east of Florida in the supposed Bermuda Triangle
  • Dec 5 Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
  • Dec 10 Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car
  • Dec 11 Het Parool publishes 1st Captain Rob-strip
  • Dec 12 Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Dec 14 Elmer Rice's play "Dream Girl" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Novelist Elmer Rice
Playwright and Novelist
Elmer Rice
  • Dec 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest
  • Dec 18 Uruguay joins the United Nations
  • Dec 19 Austrian Republic re-establishes
  • Dec 19 Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 20 Rationing of auto tires ends in US
  • Dec 22 Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Dec 23 Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Dec 26 CFP franc and CFA franc created
  • Dec 27 Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 27 International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries based on ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes

  • Dec 27 The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.
  • Dec 28 Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance"

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

Dec 31 Ratification of United Nations Charter completed

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Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
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Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History