On This Day

January 1946 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert

Historic Event

Jan 1 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god

  • Jan 1 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic

Historic Event

Jan 3 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 6 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum

  • Jan 6 Vietnam holds its first ever general election
  • Jan 7 Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union
  • Jan 10 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London
  • Jan 10 US Army bounces 1st radar signal off the Moon from Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey

Historic Event

Jan 11 Enver Hoxha declares People's Republic of Albania with himself dictator

  • Jan 12 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • Jan 14 2 jetties collapse in Ganges, crushing 160 Hindu pilgrims
  • Jan 17 United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
  • Jan 20 F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
  • Jan 23 Rear Admiral Sidney W. Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor
  • Jan 30 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
  • Jan 31 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • Jan 3 Cissy King, American entertainer
  • Jan 8 Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Mexican drug lord (Guadalajara Cartel), born in Culiacán, Mexico
  • Jan 11 John Piper, American theologian
  • Jan 12 Lady Cosgrove, Scottish lawyer & judge, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jan 14 Harold Shipman, British serial killer, born in Bestwood Estate, Nottingham (d. 2004)
  • Jan 16 Michael L. Coats, Capt USN/astr (STS 41-D, 29, 39), born in Sacramento, California
  • Jan 18 Joseph Deiss, Swiss economist & politician, born in Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Jan 19 Alexandr Vladimirovich Shchukin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jan 19 Julian Barnes, English writer (Before She Met Me, The Sense of an Ending), born in Leicester, England
  • Jan 20 Susan Vreeland, American author (The Passion of Artemisia), born in Racine, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • Jan 21 Vincent Placoly, Martinique, writer (L'eau-de-mort guildive)

Arnoldo Aleman

Jan 23 Arnoldo Aleman, 81st President of Nicaragua (1997-2002), born in Managua, Nicaragua

  • Jan 25 Ronnie Brandon, American rocker (McCoys), born in Union City, Indiana
  • Jan 25 Silvio Blatter, Swiss writer, born in Bremgarten, Switzerland
  • Jan 26 Christopher Hampton, Portuguese playwright (Oviri, Hotel du Lac), born in Horta, Portugal
  • Jan 26 Timothy Clifford, British art historian (National Galleries of Scotland)
  • Jan 30 Lord Mackay of Drumadoon, British QC, born in Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Deaths in History

ExecutionWilliam Joyce

Jan 3 William Joyce, American-born Irish Fascist politician and NAZI propagandist, hanged in Britain for treason at 39

Dion Fortune

Jan 8 Dion Fortune, British occultist and author (Psychic Self-Defence, The Mystical Qabalah), dies of leukemia at 55

  • Jan 9 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • Jan 23 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Italian linguist, dies at 72
  • Jan 26 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • Jan 29 Harry L Hopkins, US min of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55