On This Day

October 1946 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • Oct 5 Newcastle United equals English Football League record for biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James' Park; Len Shackleton scores 6, Charlie Wayman 4 for the Toon
  • Oct 6 90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
  • Oct 6 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • Oct 8 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • Oct 9 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Oct 10 Max Frisch' "Die Chinesische Mauer" premieres in Zurich
  • Oct 14 Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

Oct 16 10 Nazi leaders are hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg war trials, including Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Alfred Jodl

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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  • Oct 22 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • Oct 23 UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows)
  • Oct 24 Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire
  • Oct 24 A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket, launched from Whites Sands US, takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
  • Oct 27 Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)
  • Oct 28 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 4 Chuck Hagel, American politician
  • Oct 5 Zahida Hina, Pakistani columnist, born in Sahasram, Bihar, British India
  • Oct 6 Eddie Villanueva, JIL Spiritual Director, Owner of ZOE Broadcasting Network
  • Oct 6 Lloyd Doggett, American attorney and politician (US Representative, Democrat, Texas), born in Austin, Texas
  • Oct 7 Pengiran Anak Saleha, Queen of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
  • Oct 7 Anita Shreve, American writer (Weight of Water, Past the Island; Drifting), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2018)
  • Oct 8 Dennis Kucinich, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Oct 10 Franco Malerba, Italian astronaut (STS 46), born in Genoa, Italy
  • Oct 10 Mildred Grieveson, English writer (Leopard in the Snow), born in England
  • Oct 10 Naoto Kan, Japanese politician (61st Prime Minister of Japan), born in Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan
  • Oct 11 Oba Chandler, American convicted murderer, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • Oct 13 Edwina Currie, British politician (C), born in Liverpool
  • Oct 14 Craig Venter, American biotechnologist and geneticist (involved with the first draft sequence of the human genome), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Oct 15 Stewart Stevenson, Scottish National Party politician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Oct 17 Sir Cameron Mackintosh, British stage producer
  • Oct 17 Adam Michnik, Polish activist
  • Oct 17 Drusilla Modjeska, Australian writer and editor
  • Oct 19 Philip Pullman, English writer
  • Oct 20 Elfriede Jelinek, writer
  • Oct 22 Richard Loncraine, director (Missionary, Deep Cover, Bellman & True)
  • Oct 22 Kelvin MacKenzie, British media tycoon
  • Oct 23 Mel Martinez, American politician
  • Oct 27 Leslie Byrne, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Oct 27 Steven R. Nagel, American astronaut, USAF (STS 51-G, 61-A, 37, 55), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • Oct 27 Terry J. Hart, American astronaut (STS 41C), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 28 John Hewson, Australian politician
  • Oct 29 Strinivasa Moodley, South African anti-apartheid activist, born in Durban, Natal
  • Oct 30 Robert L. "Hoot" Gibson, American aviator, aeronautical engineer and astronaut (STS 41B,61C,27,47,71), born in Cooperstown, New York

Deaths in History

  • Oct 12 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China), dies

Person of interestHermann Goering

Oct 15 Hermann Goering, Nazi Reichmarshal, poisons himself in prison at 53

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

BattleAlfred Jodl

Oct 16 Alfred Jodl, German general during World War II (head of the German High Command, signed unconditional Nazi surrender), hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg trials at 56

Nazi Leader and WWII General Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader and WWII General
Alfred Jodl
  • Oct 16 Alfred Rosenberg, German war criminal, hanged
  • Oct 16 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s), hanged at 54
  • Oct 16 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor, hanged at 51

BattleHans Frank

Oct 16 Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Occupied Poland, hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg war trials at 46

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank

BattleJoachim von Ribbentrop

Oct 16 Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, hanged at 53

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • Oct 16 Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal, hanged

BattleWilhelm Keitel

Oct 16 Wilhelm Keitel, Nazi Military Leader (head of the German High Command), is hanged at Nuremberg at 64

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • Oct 29 John S Curry, American painter (Baptism in Kansas), dies