On This Day

1946 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 261

  • May 17 US President Harry Truman seizes control of nation's railroads to delay a strike
  • May 19 Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam
  • May 21 Physicist Louis Slotin is exposed to a lethal dose of radiation while preparing a plutonium core experiment at the Los Alamos lab, he dies 9 days later and the accident ends all hands-on nuclear assembly work at Los Alamos
  • May 22 First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
  • May 25 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • May 26 Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia
  • May 26 US Patent filed for a hydrogen bomb

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • May 29 KVP wins Provincial National election in Netherlands
  • May 30 United flight 521 crashes on takeoff at LaGuardia Airport (NY) 42 die
  • Jun 2 Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
  • Jun 3 1st bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris)
  • Jun 3 International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals
  • Jun 4 Largest solar prominence (300,000 mi/500,000 km) observed
  • Jun 5 Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 5 Eric de Noorman, a Dutch comic strip by Hans G. Kresse, is launched

  • Jun 6 Henry Morgan is 1st to take off shirt on TV
  • Jun 7 Pirates players vote 20-16 to walkout rather than play the Giants
  • Jun 7 US Supreme Court bans discrimination in interstate travel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 8 Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Jun 9 19 guests at Canfield Hotel die in fire (Dubuque, Iowa)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 Bhumibol Adulyadej becomes King of Thailand after the death of his brother King Ananda Mahidol

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • Jun 10 Italian Republic established
  • Jun 10 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, ends term as 1st director of CIA. Lieutenant General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, becomes 2nd director of CIA
  • Jun 13 1st transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland
  • Jun 13 King Umberto II of Italy abdicates
  • Jun 14 Canadian Library Association established
  • Jun 17 SW Bell inaugurates mobile telephone commercial service, St Louis
  • Jun 18 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • Jun 20 NYC transit begins using PA system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line
  • Jun 21 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas Texas
  • Jun 21 Federal judge in Seattle rules that club doesn't have to play returning serviceman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jun 23 In South Africa, a group of white men attack and assault Indian Passive Resisters
  • Jun 24 11.72" (29.77 cm) of rainfall at Mellen, Wisconsin (state 24-hr record)
  • Jun 24 Georges Bidault elected premier of France

  • Jun 26 Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
  • Jun 28 Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st President of Italy
  • Jun 29 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • Jun 29 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 The last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke cedes Sarawak to the British Crown

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • Jul 1 US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
  • Jul 2 Dutch Beel government forms
  • Jul 2 Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam and Amsterdam
  • Jul 3 1st Dutch government of Beel forms
  • Jul 3 The Cape Passive Resistance Council is formed at a mass meeting in Cape Town, attended by 1,500 people
  • Jul 4 Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
  • Jul 4 Philippines gains independence from US
  • Jul 4 President Manuel Roxas inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand, Manila
  • Jul 5 Louis Reard's design for a bikini swimsuit debuts at the Paris fashion show
  • Jul 7 Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint
  • Jul 10 Belgian government of Acker resigns
  • Jul 11 Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 14 Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock
  • Jul 14 Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland
  • Jul 15 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown
  • Jul 16 Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in San Francisco history)
  • Jul 16 US court martial sentences 46 members of the SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
  • Jul 21 Jesus T Pinerol becomes 1st native born Puerto Rican governor
  • Jul 22 Militant Zionist organisation Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities injuring 46

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 23 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • Jul 24 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • Jul 25 US detonates an underwater atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands (5th atomic explosion)
  • Jul 26 Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport
  • Jul 30 1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Aug 3 Belgian government of Huysmans forms
  • Aug 4 An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
  • Aug 6 US officially submits to jurisdiction of World Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 1st US commemorative coin of an African American, Booker T. Washington (half dollar)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Aug 8 India agrees to give Bhutan 32 sq miles
  • Aug 8 First flight of the Convair B-36.
  • Aug 13 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus
  • Aug 15 Dumont TV Network (WABD NY) is launched in the US
  • Aug 16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Aug 17 George Orwell publishes "Animal Farm" in the United Kingdom

  • Aug 23 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • Sep 1 Greece votes for monarchy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Jawaharlal Nehru forms government in India

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 Amon Göth, former head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, found guilty of imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people, the first conviction of homicide at a war crimes court

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth
  • Sep 6 Terence Rattigan's "The Winslow Boy" premieres in London
  • Sep 8 Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456
  • Sep 8 Bulgaria ends monarchy
  • Sep 11 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
  • Sep 12 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • Sep 20 Churchill argues for a 'United States of Europe'
  • Sep 21 Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
  • Sep 22 Canadian woman Evelyn Dick charged with butchering her husband in Hamilton, Ontario

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Sep 26 1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes until June 1993

Cartoonist Hergé
Cartoonist
Hergé
  • Sep 27 King George II of Greece returns from exile to Athens
  • Sep 29 Al Couture knockouts Ralph Walton in Lewiston Maine in 10 secs
  • Sep 29 NPS, Nationale Party Suriname, forms

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

Sep 30 22 Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Learn More
  • Oct 1 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • Oct 5 Newcastle United equals English Football League record for biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James' Park; Len Shackleton scores 6, Charlie Wayman 4 for the Toon
  • Oct 6 90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
  • Oct 6 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • Oct 8 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • Oct 9 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 295

  • May 16 Jessi B Wilson, Mississippi, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • May 17 F. Paul Wilson, American novelist
  • May 18 Frank Hsieh, former Premier of Taiwan
  • May 19 Claude Lelièvre, Belgian commissioner for children's rights
  • May 23 H. Paul Shuch, American scientist who coordinated radio amateurs to search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • May 24 Jeremy Treglown, English scholar and editor (TLS)
  • May 25 Janet Morris, American sci-fi author (Golden Sword, Tempus), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • May 25 Tommy Cecil, Irish ferryman, born on Rathlin Island, County Antrim (d. 1997)
  • May 25 David A. Hargrave, role-playing games (RPGs) designer (d. 1988)
  • May 28 Satchidanandan, Indian poet
  • May 29 Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
  • May 30 Candy Lightner, American political activist/founder (MADD), born in Pasadena, California
  • May 31 Ted Baehr, American media critic
  • Jun 2 Peter Sutcliffe, English murderer of 13 women "The Yorkshire Ripper", born in Bingley, England (d. 2020)
  • Jun 3 Anita Pollack, MEP (Labour)
  • Jun 3 Earl of Cromer, managing director (Inchcape (China) Ltd)
  • Jun 5 Fuzzy Fuscaldo, rocker (Capt Beefheart)
  • Jun 6 Chelsea Brown, comedienne (Laugh-in, Matt Lincoln), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Jun 7 Jenny Jones [Janina Stronski], Canadian comedienne (Jenny Jones Show), born in Bethlehem, Palestine
  • Jun 8 Elizabeth A. Lynn, American sci-fi author (Watchtower, Red Hawk), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 10 Mensje F van Keulen-van der Steen, Dutch writer (Bleeker's Summer)
  • Jun 12 Harry Glasper, English writer, born in Middlesbrough, England
  • Jun 12 John Steinbeck IV, American journalist, author and son of John Steinbeck, born in New York City
  • Jun 14 Ralph McAllister Ingersol II, American newspaper publisher (The New Haven Register), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 16 Neil MacGregor, director (British National Gallery)
  • Jun 16 Jodi Rell, American politician, governor of Connecticut
  • Jun 17 Marcy Kaptur, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • Jun 17 Peter Rosei, Austrian writer (Wer war Edgar Allan?), born in Vienna
  • Jun 18 Russell Ash, British author ('the human Google'), born in Surrey, England
  • Jun 18 Fabio Capello, Italian football coach
  • Jun 20 Birgitte Eva Henriksen, Duchess of Gloucester, born in Odense, Denmark
  • Jun 20 Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
  • Jun 21 Kate Hoey, British MP (Labour)
  • Jun 21 Malcolm Rifkind, British QC MP (Sect of State for Defense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Jun 21 Maurice Saatchi, English-Iraqi advertising CEO (Saatchi & Saatchi), born in Baghdad, Iraq
  • Jun 23 Russ Thacker, producer (Golden Seal), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 24 Ellison S Onizuka, Hawaii, Mjr USAF/ast (STS 51C, 51L-Chal disaster)
  • Jun 24 Robert Reich, US Sec of Labor (Clinton)
  • Jun 24 David Collenette, Canadian politician
  • Jun 25 Roméo Dallaire, Canadian senator and humanitarian, born in Denekamp, Netherlands
  • Jun 27 Sally Priesand, 1st U.S. woman rabbi, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jun 28 John M. Lounge, American engineer and astronaut (STS 51-I, STS 26, STS 35), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2011)
  • Jun 28 Robert L Asprin, American sci-fi writer (Thieves World, Cold Cash War)
  • Jun 28 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (President of the Independent Democratic Union), born in Santiago (d. 1991)
  • Jun 29 Egon von Fürstenberg, Swiss fashion designer, born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 2004)
  • Jun 29 Ernesto Pérez Balladares, President of Panama (1994-99), born in Panama City, Panama
  • Jul 2 Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • Jul 3 Michael Shea, American sci-fi author (World Fantasy Award: Nifft the Lean, Growlimb), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2014)
  • Jul 4 Michael Milken, American financier and partner (Intl Capital Access Group), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 4 Ron Kovic, American anti-war activist and writer (Born on the Fourth of July), born in Ladysmith, Wisconsin
  • Jul 5 Pierre-Marc Johnson, Québéc lawyer, physician and politician (24th Premier of Quebec), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jul 5 Paul Smith, British fashion designer (Paul Smith), born in Beeston, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Jul 5 Gerard 't Hooft, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1999-for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions), born in July 5, 1946 (age 72) Den Helder, Netherlands

Person of interestGeorge W. Bush

Jul 6 George W. Bush Jr, 43rd President of the United States (2001-09) and 46th Governor of Texas (1995-2000) (R-TX), born in New Haven, Connecticut

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • Jul 6 Jamie Wyeth, American artist (An American Vision-Boston), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • Jul 6 Peter Singer, Australian philosopher (specialises in applied ethics and approaches ethical issues from a secular, utilitarian perspective), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • Jul 9 Joe Micelli, American rocker, born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • Jul 11 Edward J Markey, (Rep-D-MA, 1976- )
  • Jul 14 Maureen O'Connor, Mayor (San Diego)
  • Jul 15 Hassabal Bolkiah Mu'izzadin Waddaulah, sultan of Brunei
  • Jul 16 Barbara Lee, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Jul 18 Tim Lynch, rocker (Flaming Groovies)
  • Jul 21 Barry "Bean" Whitwam, English rocker (Herman's Hermits), born in Manchester, England

Person of interestKen Starr

Jul 21 Ken Starr, American lawyer who Investigated Bill Clinton (Starr Report), born in Vernon, Texas

Lawyer who investigated Bill Clinton Ken Starr
Lawyer who investigated Bill Clinton
Ken Starr
  • Jul 22 Paul Schrader, director (Blue Collar) and writer (Taxi Driver), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Jul 25 John Gibson, American media host (The John Gibson Show), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 26 Anne Wright, British academic and Vice-Chancellor (Sunderland University)
  • Jul 27 Toktar Ongarbajewitch Aubakirov, Kazakhstan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13)
  • Jul 28 Douglas H Bosco, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-91), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jul 28 Fahmida Riaz, Pakistani writer and feminist, born in Meerut, India
  • Jul 29 Bill Forsyth, director (Local Hero, Breaking In, Housekeeping)
  • Jul 31 Karen Zerby, American religious leader, born in Camden, New Jersey
  • Aug 1 Rick Boucher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia), born in Abingdon, Virginia
  • Aug 1 Richard O. Covey, American astronaut (STS 51I, 26, 38, 61) and USAF officer, born in Fayetteville, Arkansas
  • Aug 1 Tom Loeffler, American politician (member of the United States House of Representatives from central Texas), born in Fredericksburg, Texas
  • Aug 1 Fiona Stanley, Australian epidemiologist (Telethon Institute for Child Health Research), born in Little Bay, Sydney, Australia
  • Aug 3 Jack Straw, British politician (Member of Parliament for Blackburn), born in Buckhurst Hill, Essex
  • Aug 5 Ron Silliman, American poet (The Alphabet), born in Pasco,Washington
  • Aug 6 Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean politician
  • Aug 7 Ed Seykota, American commodities and futures trader
  • Aug 8 Robin M Tallon, (Rep-D-SC, 1983- )
  • Aug 8 James W. Lewis, American convicted extortionist
  • Aug 11 Marilyn Vos Savant, writer/world's highest IQ (228), born in St Louis, Missouri

Person of interestJanet Yellen

Aug 13 Janet Yellen, American economist (Chair of US Federal Reserve 2014-18), born in Brooklyn, New York

Economist and Chair of the Federal Reserve Janet Yellen
Economist and Chair of the Federal Reserve
Janet Yellen
  • Aug 14 Alexander Curly [Harm Breemer], Dutch artist, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • Aug 14 Marga van Praag, Dutch radio hostess, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Aug 15 Kathryn Whitmire, American accountant and politician (4 time Mayor-Houston), born in Houston, Texas
  • Aug 15 Jean-Claude Arnault, French Swedish photographer involved in Nobel Prize scandal, born in Marseille, France
  • Aug 16 Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • Aug 17 Patrick Manning, Trinidad and Tobago politician, Prime Minister (1991-95, 2001-10), born in San Fernando (d. 2016)
  • Aug 19 Charles F Bolden Jr, astronaut (STS 61C, 31, 45, 60), born in Columbia, South Carolina

Person of interestBill Clinton

Aug 19 Bill Clinton [William Jefferson], 42nd US President (Democrat, 1993-2001), born in Hope, Arkansas

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • Aug 20 N.R. Narayana Murthy, Indian industrialist and co-founder (Infosys), born in Shidlaghatta, Kolar district, India
  • Aug 22 Felix Meurders, Dutch radio host, born in Maastricht, Netherlands
  • Aug 24 Richard N. Richards, American naval officer and astronaut (STS 28, 41, 50, 64), born in Key West, Florida
  • Aug 25 Larry LaRocco, American politician (Rep-D-Idaho), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Aug 25 Charles Ghigna (Father Goose), American poet and children's books author (Tickle Day: Poems from Father Goose), born in Bayside, New York
  • Aug 30 Anne-Marie of Greece, Danish princess and daughter of Frederik IX, born in Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, Kingdom of Denmark
  • Aug 31 Jerome Corsi, American writer and conspiracy theorist, born in East Cleveland, Ohio
  • Sep 1 Roh Moo-Hyun, President of South Korea

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History