On This Day

1947 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 240

  • May 22 "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece
  • May 22 1st US ballistic missile fired
  • May 23 PC Hooft prize forms for literature
  • May 25 Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co's Mine #5 killing 111
  • May 31 Communists seize power in Hungary
  • May 31 Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft Deposit & Perryville Md, kills 53
  • May 31 Italian government of Gasperi forms
  • Jun 1 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • Jun 1 The development of photosensitive glass, which had occurred ten years previously, is announced publicly
  • Jun 2 Hungarian premier Ferenc Nagy resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3 British Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten visits Pakistan

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • Jun 4 US House of Representatives approves Taft-Hartley act

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the "Marshall Plan" to rebuild Western Europe

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Jun 6 Treaty drawn up for establishment of International Patent Institute
  • Jun 10 Saab produces its first automobile
  • Jun 11 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)

  • Jun 16 1st network news-Dumont's "News from Washington"
  • Jun 16 Pravda denounces Marshall Plan
  • Jun 17 1st round-the-world civil air service leaves NYC
  • Jun 17 Earnest Reuter becomes mayor of Berlin
  • Jun 17 Pan Am Airways chartered as 1st worldwide passenger airline
  • Jun 19 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California
  • Jun 20 US President Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act
  • Jun 22 12" rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)
  • Jun 22 Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)
  • Jun 23 Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 US President Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jun 24 Flying saucers sighted over Mount Rainier by pilot Ken Arnold

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jun 25 1st version of Anne Frank's diary "Het Achterhuis" published in The Netherlands

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Jun 27 98°F (36.8°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • Jul 1 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
  • Jul 1 British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
  • Jul 2 Military coup discovered in France
  • Jul 3 252,288 people (record) pass through Grand Central Station, NYC
  • Jul 3 Soviet Union doesn't participate in Marshall Plan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 The Ak-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union


  • Jul 7 Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident
  • Jul 8 Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
  • Jul 8 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico

HeartEngagement of Interest

Jul 9 Engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Spain votes for Franco monarchy

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Jul 10 200 die when train derails and falls into a river in Canton, China
  • Jul 10 Cleveland Indian Don Black no-hits Philadelphia A's, 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 18 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 18 King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Jul 18 US President Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
  • Jul 18 US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands

MurderAssassination

Jul 19 Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members assassinated by armed paramilitaries

General and Politician Aung San
General and Politician
Aung San
  • Jul 20 1st political action of Netherlands Army on Java and Sumatra
  • Jul 21 Indonesia begins 1st political election
  • Jul 22 -8°F (-13°C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)
  • Jul 23 1st (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, Rhode Island
  • Jul 26 President Truman signs National Security Act (1947), establishing Department of Defense, CIA, National Security Council and Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Jul 26 US President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act which establishes the Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jul 28 Iuliu Maniu's Farmers' Party is banned in Romania
  • Jul 29 Gas leak explodes in a beauty parlor, 10 women die in Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Aug 4 The Supreme Court of Japan is established
  • Aug 5 Netherlands ceases political action in Indonesia, due to UN pressure
  • Aug 7 The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the Kon-Tiki crash into a reef in the Tuamotu Islands, French Polynesia after 101 days crossing the Pacific Ocean

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • Aug 8 Pakistan's National Flag is approved.
  • Aug 14 Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain
  • Aug 15 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • Aug 15 India becomes a sovereign and democratic nation, independent from the United Kingdom
  • Aug 17 The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed
  • Aug 18 Naval torpedo & mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain killing 300
  • Aug 19 J Arens & D van Dorpen synthetise vitamin A
  • Aug 20 Turner Caldwell in D-558-I sets aircraft speed record, 1131 kph
  • Aug 25 Marion Carl in D-558-I sets world aircraft speed record of 1,047 kph
  • Aug 29 Constantine Tsaldaris succeeds Maximos as Greek premier

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Aug 29 B.R. Ambedkar is appointed chairman of the drafting committee for the Indian constitution

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar
  • Aug 31 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • Sep 1 With a victory by Armed in the Washington Park Handicap, Calumet Farm becomes the first stable to surpass $1 million in annual earnings; leads all owners with total earnings of $1,402,436
  • Sep 7 Battles between Hindus & Muslims in New Delhi, India
  • Sep 15 First four-engined jet-propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, Ohio
  • Sep 15 RCA releases the 12AX7 miniature dual triode vacuum tube; it is still in production
  • Sep 15 Typhoon Kathleen hit Tone River, Saitama and Tokyo area, killing at least 1,930 and injuring 1,750..
  • Sep 16 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 394.2 MPH
  • Sep 16 Typhoon Kathleen hits Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River area, killing at least 1,930
  • Sep 17 James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US Secretary of Defense
  • Sep 18 The Central Intelligence Agency officially comes into existence after being established by President Truman in July
  • Sep 18 US Department of Defense 1st day of operation
  • Sep 18 US Air Force created as a separate military service by passing of the National Security Act
  • Oct 1 1st helicopter air mail & express service, LA, Ca
  • Oct 1 US control of Haitian customs & governmental revenue ends
  • Oct 1 William Wister Haines' "Command Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 1 The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • Oct 2 Revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • Oct 3 1st telescope lens 200" (508 cm) in diameter completed
  • Oct 9 First telephone conversation between a moving car & a plane
  • Oct 11 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • Oct 13 "Kukla, Fran & Ollie" premieres
  • Oct 14 Chuck Yeager in Bell XS-1 makes 1st supersonic flight (Mach 1.015)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina gives golden award to general Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Oct 19 De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections
  • Oct 20 Robinson Jeffer's "Medea" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 Dutch Dakota explodes near Coopenhagen, 16 die
  • Oct 23 NAACP petition on racism "An Appeal to the World" presented to UN
  • Oct 23 Husband & wife Dr Carl Cori & Dr Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 340

  • Apr 1 Alain Connes, French mathematician
  • Apr 2 Camille Paglia, American author and social critic, born in Endicott, New York
  • Apr 4 Wiranto, Indonesian army general (Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces), born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  • Apr 6 Jan-Kees Wiebenga, Dutch politician (VVD), born in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • Apr 7 Eliseo Soriano, Filipino televangelist, born in Pasay, Philippines
  • Apr 8 Hsiao-hsien Hou, Taiwanese director (Cheerful Wind, City of Sadness, The Puppetmaster), born in Mei County, China
  • Apr 8 Tom DeLay, American politician (Rep-R-Texas, 1985-2006), born in Laredo, Texas
  • Apr 8 Robert Kiyosaki, American investor (Rich Dad Company), born in Hilo, Hawaii
  • Apr 11 Michael Hindley, British politician, Member of the European Parliament, born in Blackburn, England
  • Apr 11 Michael Wright, British academic, Vice-Chancellor of Aston University
  • Apr 11 Lev Bulat, Russian physicist, born in Chernovtsy, Ukraine
  • Apr 12 Tom Clancy, American author (Rainbow Six, The Hunt for Red October), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2013)
  • Apr 12 Antonin Kratochvil, Czech-American photojournalist (VII Photo Agency), born in Litoměřice, Czechoslovakia
  • Apr 15 Cristina Husmark Pehrsson, Swedish politician, born in Uddevalla, Sweden
  • Apr 18 Kathy Acker, American experimental novelist (Blood and Guts in High School), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • Apr 18 Herbert Mullin, American serial killer (killed thirteen people in California in the early 1970s), born in Salinas, California
  • Apr 19 Frits Castricum, Dutch journalist and politician (PvdA), born in Boxtel, Netherlands (d. 2011)
  • Apr 20 Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author (The Best Little Boy in the World), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 21 Alan Warner, rocker (Foundations)
  • Apr 23 Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, Irish political activist, born in Cookstown, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
  • Apr 24 Josep Borrell, 22nd President of the European Parliament (2004-07), born in La Pobla de Segur, Lérida, Spain
  • Apr 24 Roger D. Kornberg, American biochemist (Nobel 2006), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Apr 26 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust (d. 1995)
  • Apr 27 George Kenneth Butterfield, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina, born in Wilson, North Carolina
  • Apr 29 Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian philosopher
  • Apr 30 Robert Scott, American politician, Rep-D-Virginia (1993-), born in Washington D.C.
  • Apr 30 Tom Køhlert, Danish former player and Brondby IF coach
  • May 1 Carlos Ward, rocker (B T Express)
  • May 1 Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
  • May 1 Jacob Bekenstein, American-Israeli theoretical physicist (Bekenstein-Hawking radiation), born in Mexico City (d. 2015)
  • May 2 Bill Lowery, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California (1981-93), born in San Diego, California
  • May 3 Doug Henning, Canadian magician, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 2000)
  • May 6 Sandra Fisher, American painter, born in New York City (d. 1994)
  • May 6 Martha Nussbaum, American philosopher, born in New York City
  • May 7 Gary Herbert, American politician, Governor of Utah (2009-), born in American Fork, Utah
  • May 8 Phil Sawyer, rocker (Spencer Davis Group)
  • May 8 H. Robert Horvitz, Nobel laureate
  • May 10 Paul Nicholas Young, architect
  • May 10 Caroline Cooney, American author
  • May 10 Thomas Tessier, American author
  • May 12 Michael Ignatieff, Canadian politician
  • May 12 Catherine "Cat" Yronwode, American writer and editor-in-chief (Eclipse Comics), born in San Francisco, California
  • May 13 Stephen R Donaldson, American sci-fi author (The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant, Lord Foul's Bane), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • May 14 Karin Struck, German feminist writer, born in Groß Kiesow
  • May 18 John Bruton, Prime Minister (Republic of Ireland)
  • May 21 Jiggs Kalra, Indian food writer "Czar of Indian cuisine", born in Punjab region, India (d. 2019)
  • May 23 Ann Hui, director (Boat People)
  • May 23 Bernard Comrie, English linguist
  • May 23 Jane Kenyon, American poet (d. 1995)
  • May 24 Luke Rittner, British art administrator (Arts Council), born in Bath, Somerset, England
  • May 24 Martin Winterkorn, German automotive executive, born in Leonberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • May 24 Cynthia Plaster Caster [Cynthia Albritton], American artist who made plaster casts of celebrity penises and breasts, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • May 25 Mitch Margo, American rocker (The Tokens, The Lion Sleeps Tonight), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • May 26 Piers Gray, critic/writer
  • May 27 Peter DeFazio, American politician, Rep-D-Oregon (1987-), born in Needham, Massachusetts
  • May 27 Felix Dennis, English publisher and poet (Dennis Publishing), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England (d. 2014)
  • May 27 Henry McMaster, American politician, Governor of South Carolina (2017-), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • May 28 Zahi Hawass, Egyptian Egyptologist
  • May 28 Lynn Johnston, Canadian cartoonist
  • May 29 Mark Nelson, crew member (Biosphere 2), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • May 29 Gene Robinson, American ecclesiastic
  • May 31 William H Campbell Jr, rocker
  • Jun 1 Ron Dennis CBE, British auto racing owner (McLaren F1 team principal 1989-2001; group chairman until 2016), born in Woking, England
  • Jun 3 Timothy David, diplomat
  • Jun 3 John Dykstra, American special effects supervisor
  • Jun 4 Viktor Klima, Austrian politician (20th Chancellor of Austria), born in Schwechat, Austria
  • Jun 5 David Hare, playwright (Strapless, Plenty, Wetherby, Fatale)
  • Jun 5 Eric Molobi, South Africa, activist (ANC)
  • Jun 6 David Blunkett, English blind politician, Home Secretary (2001-4), born in Sheffield, England
  • Jun 8 Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist (Nobel 1995), born in South Bend, Indiana
  • Jun 9 John Gurda, American historian
  • Jun 11 Henry Cisneros, first Hispanic to serve as mayor of a major U.S. city (San Antonio), later Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in the Clinton Administration
  • Jun 11 Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician (Minister of Railways, 2004-09), born in Gopalganj, Bihar, India
  • Jun 13 Danie Schutte, South African underminister of Justice, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • Jun 13 Jerrold Nadler, American attorney and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 13 Peter Holm, Swedish ex-husband and manager of Joan Collins
  • Jun 16 -minu [Hans-Peter Hammel], Swiss columnist and writer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • Jun 19 James T Walsh, (Rep-R-NY)

Person of interestSalman Rushdie

Jun 19 Salman Rushdie, British-Indian novelist (Midnight's Children, Satanic Verses), born in Mumbai, India

Novelist Salman Rushdie
Novelist
Salman Rushdie
  • Jun 20 David French, British director (Deep Sleep, Bingo)
  • Jun 20 Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
  • Jun 20 Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
  • Jun 21 Dana Rohrabacher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Coronado, California

Person of interestShirin Ebadi

Jun 21 Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and 1st Iranian Muslim woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize (2003), born in Hamadan, Iran

Lawyer and human rights activist Shirin Ebadi
Lawyer and human rights activist
Shirin Ebadi
  • Jun 22 Octavia E[stelle] Butler, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Wild Seed)
  • Jun 22 Jerry Rawlings, Ghanaian Head of State (1981-93) and President of Ghana (1993-2001), born in Accra, Gold Coast (d. 2020)
  • Jun 24 Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef (Two Fat Ladies), born in London (d. 2014)
  • Jun 28 Mark Helprin, American writer (A Soldier of the Great War), born in Manhattan, New York
  • Jun 28 Patrick Kincaid, who wrote the TODAY program; send him a card
  • Jun 30 Yuri Petrovich Sheffer, Russian cosmonaut, born in Chelyabinsk, Russia (d. 2001)
  • Jul 2 Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin, daughter of President LBJ
  • Jul 7 Felix Standaert, Belgian diplomat
  • Jul 7 Howard Rheingold, American author
  • Jul 7 Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal
  • Jul 8 Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • Jul 8 Jenny Diski, English writer (Stranger on a Train), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Jul 10 John Trevor Key, British photographer (d. 1995)
  • Jul 11 Bo Lundgren, Swedish politician
  • Jul 12 Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology, born in Portsmouth, Virginia

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

  • Dec 14 Franz Zorell, German lexicographer, dies at 84

Person of interestStanley Baldwin

Dec 14 Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), dies at 80

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • Dec 14 Edward Higgins, English General of The Salvation Army, dies at 84
  • Dec 15 Arthur Machen, Welsh author (b. 1863)
  • Dec 22 Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (b. 1902)
  • Dec 25 Gaspar G. Bacon, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1886)

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel III

Dec 28 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), dies of pulmonary edema at 78

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • Dec 29 Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian and general archivist, dies at 78
  • Dec 30 Han [Henricus Antonius] van Meegeren, Dutch painter and art forger (Vermeer), dies at 58
  • Dec 30 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), dies at 86
  • Dec 31 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German General (SW Africa), dies at 79