On This Day

January 1948 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)
  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Italy adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • Jan 1 British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO
  • Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 21 West Indies v England, Test debut of Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 28 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 J. D. Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the New Yorker

Novelist J. D. Salinger
Novelist
J. D. Salinger
  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • Jan 2 Kerry Minnear, Dorset, English rocker (Gentle Giant)
  • Jan 4 Eugeniusz Wycisło, Polish politician
  • Jan 5 Thom Mooney, American rocker (Nazz), born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 6 Guy Gardner, US Air Force officer & astronaut (STS 27, STS 35), born in Altavista, Virginia
  • Jan 6 Bob Wise, American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1983- ), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 9 Paul King, English rocker (Blue Oyster Cult), born in Dagenham, Essex
  • Jan 12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Jan 12 William Nicholson, English writer, born in Lewes, United Kingdom
  • Jan 13 Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • Jan 15 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), born in Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
  • Jan 16 Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov, Riga, cosmonaut (TM-5,9,15,26, STS 71)
  • Jan 16 Christopher Moran, English financier/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 16 Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer (d. 2002)
  • Jan 16 Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor
  • Jan 17 Alexander "Alec" Erwin, South African worker's union leader
  • Jan 20 Jerry Ross, American Air Force officer & NASA astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74, sk:88), born in Crown Point, Indiana
  • Jan 20 Natan Sharansky, Israeli politician & human rights activist, born in Donetsk, Ukraine
  • Jan 20 Nancy Kress, American science fiction writer, born in Buffalo, New york
  • Jan 24 Elliott Abrams, asst secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras
  • Jan 25 Gueorgui Chichkine, Russian painter, born in Yekaterinburg, Russia
  • Jan 25 Ros Kelly, Australian politician, born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jan 27 Chuck Larsen, rocker (Snuff)
  • Jan 28 Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)
  • Jan 28 Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
  • Jan 30 Paul Magee, Provisional IRA member, born in Belfast, Ireland
  • Jan 31 Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician, born in Hokkaido, Japan

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Mary Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893) as second wife of the 23rd United States president Benjamin Harrison, dies at 89
  • Jan 7 Raoul Auernheimer, writer, dies
  • Jan 8 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), dies at 60
  • Jan 14 Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
  • Jan 19 Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • Jan 24 Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)
  • Jan 24 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)
  • Jan 29 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)

MurderMahatma Gandhi

Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Person of interestOrville Wright

Jan 30 Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76