On This Day

July 1948 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution doesn't happen until 1960
  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for another term (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

Jul 17 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'

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Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
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  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected the 1st President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Wang Qishan, Chinese Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, born in Qingdao, Shandong
  • Jul 3 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist (Mämmilä), born in Orivesi, Finland
  • Jul 5 Julie Nixon Eisenhower, American author and the youngest daughter of Richard Nixon, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 6 Wadih Sa'adeh, Lebanese-Australian poet (Laysa Lil Massa’ Ikhwah), born in Lebanon
  • Jul 6 Tom Curley, American media executive (President of the Associated Press), born in Easton, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 9 Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian politician (15th Foreign Minister of Indonesia), born in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
  • Jul 12 Richard Simmons, American exercise guru (CHiPs, Deal-a-Meal), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jul 12 Ben Burtt Jr., American sound designer, born in Jamesville, New York
  • Jul 13 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • Jul 13 Robert Underwood, (Rep-D-Guam)
  • Jul 13 Ronald K Machtley, (Rep-R-Rhode Island)
  • Jul 17 Phillip Harris, rocker
  • Jul 18 Phil Harris, British rocker (Ace), born in Muswell Hill, London
  • Jul 18 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • Jul 20 Richard H Lehman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • Jul 21 Garry Trudeau, American political cartoonist (Doonesbury), born in New York City
  • Jul 22 S. E. Hinton, American author
  • Jul 23 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Jul 25 Brian Stableford, British sci-fi author (Day of Wrath), born in Shipley, Yorkshire
  • Jul 28 Sergei Bodrov, Russian director (Katala, Somebody to Love), born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • Jul 31 Leaveil Degree, rocker (Whispers)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 3 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch SDAP-politician, dies at 90
  • Jul 4 Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • Jul 5 G Bernanos, writer, dies at 60
  • Jul 5 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), dies at 77
  • Jul 11 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semite theologist, dies

Person of interestJohn J. Pershing

Jul 15 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, dies of coronary artery disease at 87

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • Jul 18 Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • Jul 21 Arshile Gorky, Armenian-American abstract painter, dies at 43