On This Day

June 1948 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • Jun 3 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • Jun 3 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • Jun 7 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • Jun 7 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 8 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines
  • Jun 14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Jun 18 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • Jun 18 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • Jun 19 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • Jun 20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • Jun 20 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • Jun 20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • Jun 21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • Jun 21 33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced and 78's planned to be phased out (Dr Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • Jun 21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • Jun 21 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 24 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

Jun 24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

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Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jun 26 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • Jun 28 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • Jun 30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • Jun 30 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 1 Tomáš Halík, Czech priest and public intellectual
  • Jun 5 Frank Estersmith, Australian rocker (Air Supply)
  • Jun 9 Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician (Feminist Initiative), born in Täby, Sweden
  • Jun 11 Anthony Nelson, British Labour politician, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Jun 12 Barry Bailey, American rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section), born in Decatur, Georgia
  • Jun 20 Nigel Morris, rocker (Isotope)
  • Jun 20 Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • Jun 21 Ian McEwan, English writer (Atonement), born in Aldershot, England
  • Jun 21 Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer (The Witcher), born in Łódź, Poland

Person of interestClarence Thomas

Jun 23 Clarence Thomas, 108th US Supreme Court Justice (1991- ), born in Savannah, Georgia

108th US Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas
108th US Supreme Court Justice
Clarence Thomas
  • Jun 23 Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
  • Jun 23 Joaquin Avila, American lawyer and civil rights champion who advocated against voter discrimination, born in Compton, California (d. 2018)
  • Jun 29 Charles McCorquodale, art historian, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 27 Inventor Jack Kilby (24) weds Barbara Annegers

Engineer Jack Kilby
Engineer
Jack Kilby

Deaths in History

  • Jun 1 Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
  • Jun 2 Viktor Brack, German Nazi physician and war criminal, dies at 43
  • Jun 2 Karl Brandt, German physician of Adolf Hitler, hanged for war crimes at 44
  • Jun 2 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (b. 1897)
  • Jun 2 Waldemar Hoven, German physician (b. 1903)
  • Jun 2 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician, dies at 42
  • Jun 6 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, dies at 83
  • Jun 21 D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, Scottish zoologist and classicist (On Growth & Form), dies at 88
  • Jun 25 William C. Lee, U.S. general (b. 1895)
  • Jun 30 Karl Wolfskehl, writer, dies at 78