On This Day

1948 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 279

  • May 14 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • May 14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • May 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Golda Meir (Meyerson) is one of the signatories of Israel’s independence declaration

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • May 15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • May 15 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • May 15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • May 16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st President of Israel
  • May 16 Egyptians enter Gaza
  • May 16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • May 17 Soviet Union recognizes Israel
  • May 18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war
  • May 18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • May 18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking
  • May 23 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel

  • May 25 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast

BattleExecution

May 25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • May 26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • May 26 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • May 27 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
  • May 28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • May 28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • May 30 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • Jun 1 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • Jun 3 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • Jun 3 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • Jun 7 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • Jun 7 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 8 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines
  • Jun 14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Jun 18 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • Jun 18 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • Jun 19 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • Jun 20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • Jun 20 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader

  • Jun 20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • Jun 21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • Jun 21 33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced and 78's planned to be phased out (Dr Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • Jun 21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • Jun 21 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 24 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

Jun 24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

Learn More
Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jun 26 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • Jun 28 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • Jun 30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • Jun 30 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)
  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution doesn't happen until 1960
  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for another term (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea
  • Jul 17 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'
  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected the 1st President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • Aug 1 The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • Aug 3 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • Aug 4 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax
  • Aug 6 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • Aug 7 1st Dutch government of Beel resigns
  • Aug 12 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • Aug 15 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • Aug 16 Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem
  • Aug 16 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • Aug 17 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • Aug 17 Tom Henrich hits his then record tying 4th grand slam of season
  • Aug 20 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
  • Aug 23 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
  • Aug 23 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
  • Aug 27 102°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Sep 1 Communist form North China People's Republic
  • Sep 3 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • Sep 4 Queen Wilhelmina abdicates Dutch throne
  • Sep 5 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • Sep 6 Juliana crowned Queen of The Netherlands
  • Sep 7 1st use of synthetic rubber in asphaltic concrete, Akron Oh
  • Sep 8 British De Havilland DH108-fighter flies faster than sound
  • Sep 10 Bijz Criminal division sentences war criminal Jacob Folks to life

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Indian Army Invades the State of Hyderabad a day after Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah passes away

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 267

  • Apr 14 Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • Apr 16 Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant, born in London
  • Apr 20 Rémy Trudel, French Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Thècle, Quebec, Canada
  • Apr 21 Gary A Condit, (Rep-D-California)
  • Apr 21 Max Wyndham, 2nd Baron Egremont, English peer and author
  • Apr 23 Pascal Quignard, French author (Les Ombres), born in Verneuil-sur-Avre, Eure, France
  • Apr 24 Benzion Freshwater, English multi-millionaire property investor, born in Sassov, Galicia, Poland
  • Apr 24 Paul Cellucci, American politician, 69th Governor of Massachusetts and former United States Ambassador to Canada, born in Hudson, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • Apr 25 Yu Shyi-kun, Premier of the Republic of China (2002-05), born in Dongshan, Yilan County, China
  • Apr 26 Gerry Sikorski, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Breckenridge, Minnesota
  • Apr 27 Frank William Abagnale, Jr., American con artist turned security consultant, born in Bronxville, New York
  • Apr 27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)

Person of interestTerry Pratchett

Apr 28 Terry Pratchett, English author of fantasy novels (Discworld), born in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire (d. 2015)

Novelist Terry Pratchett
Novelist
Terry Pratchett
  • Apr 29 Bruce Cutler, American attorney
  • May 4 George Tupou V, King of Tonga (2006-2012), born in Tongatapu, Tonga (d. 2012)
  • May 8 John Reid, British politician (L), born in Bellshill, Scotland
  • May 9 Hans Georg Bock, German mathematician
  • May 10 Christopher Gent, CEO (Vodafone Group)
  • May 11 Nirj Deva, Sri Lankan-British politician
  • May 13 Jeffrey Evans, Lord Mayor of London (2015-16), born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • May 19 Jean-Pierre Haignere, French cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-17)
  • May 20 John Amiel, director (Queen of Hearts, Tune in Tomorrow)
  • May 20 John R McKernan Jr, (Rep-R-ME, 1983-86/Gov-Maine)
  • May 20 Samuel Gejdenson, (Rep-D-Connecticut, 1981- )
  • May 22 Richard Baker, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 6th district), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • May 27 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-8, T-14, TM-7)
  • May 31 Duncan L Hunter, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- 2009), born in Riverside, California
  • May 31 Svetlana Alexievich, journalist and author (Noble Prize for Literature 2015), born in Stanislav, Ukraine
  • Jun 1 Tomáš Halík, Czech priest and public intellectual
  • Jun 5 Frank Estersmith, Australian rocker (Air Supply)
  • Jun 9 Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician (Feminist Initiative), born in Täby, Sweden
  • Jun 11 Anthony Nelson, British Labour politician, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Jun 12 Barry Bailey, American rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section), born in Decatur, Georgia
  • Jun 20 Nigel Morris, rocker (Isotope)
  • Jun 20 Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • Jun 21 Ian McEwan, English writer (Atonement), born in Aldershot, England
  • Jun 21 Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer (The Witcher), born in Łódź, Poland

Person of interestClarence Thomas

Jun 23 Clarence Thomas, 108th US Supreme Court Justice (1991- ), born in Savannah, Georgia

108th US Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas
108th US Supreme Court Justice
Clarence Thomas
  • Jun 23 Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
  • Jun 23 Joaquin Avila, American lawyer and civil rights champion who advocated against voter discrimination, born in Compton, California (d. 2018)
  • Jun 29 Charles McCorquodale, art historian, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • Jul 1 Wang Qishan, Chinese Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, born in Qingdao, Shandong
  • Jul 3 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist (Mämmilä), born in Orivesi, Finland
  • Jul 5 Julie Nixon Eisenhower, American author and the youngest daughter of Richard Nixon, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 6 Wadih Sa'adeh, Lebanese-Australian poet (Laysa Lil Massa’ Ikhwah), born in Lebanon
  • Jul 6 Tom Curley, American media executive (President of the Associated Press), born in Easton, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 9 Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian politician (15th Foreign Minister of Indonesia), born in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
  • Jul 12 Richard Simmons, American exercise guru (CHiPs, Deal-a-Meal), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jul 12 Ben Burtt Jr., American sound designer, born in Jamesville, New York
  • Jul 13 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • Jul 13 Robert Underwood, (Rep-D-Guam)
  • Jul 13 Ronald K Machtley, (Rep-R-Rhode Island)
  • Jul 17 Phillip Harris, rocker
  • Jul 18 Phil Harris, British rocker (Ace), born in Muswell Hill, London
  • Jul 18 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • Jul 20 Richard H Lehman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • Jul 21 Garry Trudeau, American political cartoonist (Doonesbury), born in New York City
  • Jul 22 S. E. Hinton, American author
  • Jul 23 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Jul 25 Brian Stableford, British sci-fi author (Day of Wrath), born in Shipley, Yorkshire
  • Jul 28 Sergei Bodrov, Russian director (Katala, Somebody to Love), born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • Jul 31 Leaveil Degree, rocker (Whispers)
  • Aug 1 Bob Spink, British politician (MP for Castle Point in Essex), born in Haworth, Worth Valley, Yorkshire
  • Aug 1 Abdelmalek Sellal, Prime Minister of Algeria (2014 - present), born in Constantine, Algeria
  • Aug 2 Robert Holdstock, English sci-fi author (Ghost Dance, Labyrinth), born in Hythe, England (d. 2009)
  • Aug 4 James C Slattery, (Rep-D-Kansas, 1983- )
  • Aug 6 Michael Peters, choreographer (What's Love Got to Do with It)
  • Aug 7 James Allison, American immunologist (Noble Prize for Medicine 2018), born in Alice, Texas
  • Aug 7 Marty Appel, American public relations executive and author, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 8 Svetlana Y Savitskaya, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-12, T-15A)
  • Aug 11 Don Boyd, Scottish director and producer (Goldeneye, 21, East of Elephant Rock), born in Nairn
  • Aug 11 Jan Palach, Czech student protester (d. 1969)
  • Aug 12 Graham Zellick, principal (Queen Mary & Westfield College London)
  • Aug 13 Mosiuoa Lekota, South African UDF/ANC leader, born in Kroonstad, South Africa
  • Aug 15 George Ryton, British engineer, born in Singapore
  • Aug 16 Pierre Reid, Canadian politician and teacher
  • Aug 19 Tipper Gore, wife of US Vice President Al Gore (1993-01)
  • Aug 23 Andrei Pleşu, Romanian writer and essayist, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • Aug 23 Daniel Ruettiger "Rudy", University of Notre Dame football legend, born in Joliet, Illinois
  • Aug 24 Kim Sung-Il, Chief of Staff of Republic of Korea Air Force, born in Jinhae, South Gyeongsang
  • Aug 28 Fred Cole, American rock artist (The Lollipop Shoppe, Dead Moon, Pierced Arrows), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2017)
  • Aug 29 Charles David Walker, American engineer and astronaut (STS 12 STS 16 STS 23), born in Bedford, Indiana
  • Sep 1 Józef Życiński, Polish archbishop and philosopher
  • Sep 1 James Rebhorn, PA, actor (White Collar, Homeland), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • Sep 2 Christa McAuliffe, American teacher who died in Challenger space shuttle disaster, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • Sep 3 Tara Singh Varma, Dutch politcian (1st black woman in Dutch 2nd Chamber), born in Springlands, British Guiana
  • Sep 3 Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian politician (3rd President of Zambia), born in Mufulira, Zambia (d. 2008)
  • Sep 5 Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat and politician, born in Salzburg, Austria
  • Sep 7 Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, 2nd President of the United Arab Emirates (2004-present), born in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Sep 8 Lynn [Lorraine] Abbey, American sci-fi author (Black Flame), born in Peekskill, New York
  • Sep 10 Margaret Trudeau, Canadian 1st lady, born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Sep 10 Zhang Chengzhi, Chinese writer (History of the Soul), born in Beijing, China
  • Sep 13 Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist, born in Athens, Greece
  • Sep 16 Julia Donaldson, English children's writer (The Gruffalo), born in London, England
  • Sep 17 Patricia Kluge, Baghdad Iraq, wife of Billionaire John Kluge
  • Sep 19 Michael Cooper, sodomizer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in San Francisco, California
  • Sep 20 George R. R. Martin, American fantasy and sci-fi author (A Song of Ice and Fire), born in Bayonne, New Jersey
  • Sep 21 Artis Gilmore, ABA all star (Kentucky Colonels)
  • Sep 22 Mark A P Phillips, British ex of princess Anne
  • Sep 22 Denis Burke, Australian politician

Weddings in History


Deaths in History