1948 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 291

  • May 12 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates
  • May 14 Israel declares independence from British administration
  • May 14 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • May 14 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • May 14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • May 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Golda Meir [Goldie Meyerson] is one of the signatories of Israel’s independence declaration

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • May 15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • May 15 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • May 15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • May 16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st President of Israel
  • May 16 Egyptians enter Gaza
  • May 16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • May 17 Soviet Union recognizes Israel
  • May 18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war

  • May 18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • May 18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking
  • May 23 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • May 25 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast

BattleExecution

May 25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • May 26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • May 26 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • May 27 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
  • May 28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • May 28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • May 30 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • May 31 Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
  • Jun 1 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • Jun 3 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • Jun 3 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • Jun 5 "(Ghost) Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend" single released by Stan Jones
  • Jun 7 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • Jun 7 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 8 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines
  • Jun 14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Jun 17 Joe Cronin pinch hit HRs in both ends of a doubleheader
  • Jun 18 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • Jun 18 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • Jun 18 UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights
  • Jun 19 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel

  • Jun 20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • Jun 20 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • Jun 20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • Jun 21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • Jun 21 33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced and 78's planned to be phased out (Dr Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records)
  • Jun 21 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)
  • Jun 21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 24 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

Jun 24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water
More >>

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jun 26 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • Jun 28 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • Jun 30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • Jun 30 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)
  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution dosn't happen until 1960
  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 9 Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless inn for Cleve
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for another term (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea
  • Jul 17 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'
  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns
  • Jul 20 Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champion

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • Aug 1 The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • Aug 3 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • Aug 4 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax
  • Aug 6 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • Aug 7 1st Dutch government of Beel resigns
  • Aug 12 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • Aug 15 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • Aug 16 Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem
  • Aug 16 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • Aug 17 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • Aug 17 Tom Henrich hits his then record tying 4th grand slam of season
  • Aug 20 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
  • Aug 23 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
  • Aug 23 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
  • Aug 27 102°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
  • Aug 31 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee
  • Sep 1 Communist form North China People's Republic

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 281

  • Apr 4 Berry Oakley, American rocker and bass player (Allman Brothers Band), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1972)
  • Apr 4 Dan Simmons, American sci-fi and horror writer (Song of Kali), born in Peoria, Illinois

Person of interestRobert Allen Litchfield

Apr 8 Robert A. Litchfield, American bank robber who was on the FBI most wanted list in the 1980s

  • Apr 8 Michael Leshner, Canadian lawyer and gay rights advocate
  • Apr 10 Thomas Spencer, British politician (Conservative)
  • Apr 11 Marcello Lippi, Italian football coach, born in Viareggio, Italy
  • Apr 12 Joschka Fischer, German politician, Foreign Minister of Germany (1998-2005), born in Gerabronn, Germany
  • Apr 13 Peter [Piet] Swevel, American rocker (Looking Glass, Starz), (d. 1990)
  • Apr 13 Sue Doughty, British politician
  • Apr 13 Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy
  • Apr 14 Chester G Atkins, (Rep-D-MA)
  • Apr 14 Ty Grimes, rocker (Capt Beefheart Band Drums
  • Apr 14 Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • Apr 16 Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant
  • Apr 20 Rémy Trudel, French Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Thècle, Quebec, Canada
  • Apr 21 Gary A Condit, (Rep-D-California)
  • Apr 21 Lord Egremont, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • Apr 23 Richard Day, engineer/development expert
  • Apr 23 Pascal Quignard, French author
  • Apr 24 Benzion Freshwater, English multi-millionaire property investor, born in Sassov, Galicia, Poland
  • Apr 24 Paul Cellucci, American politician, 69th Governor of Massachusetts and former United States Ambassador to Canada, born in Hudson, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • Apr 25 Yu Shyi-kun, Premier of the Republic of China (2002-05), born in Dongshan, Yilan County, China
  • Apr 26 Gerry Sikorski, (Rep-D-MN, 1983- )
  • Apr 27 Frank William Abagnale, Jr., American con artist turned security consultant, born in Bronxville, New York
  • Apr 27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)

Person of interestTerry Pratchett

Apr 28 Terry Pratchett, English author of fantasy novels (Discworld), born in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire (d. 2015)

Novelist Terry Pratchett
Novelist
Terry Pratchett
  • Apr 29 Bruce Cutler, American attorney
  • May 4 George Tupou V, King of Tonga (2006-2012), born in Tongatapu, Tonga (d. 2012)
  • May 5 Frank Esier-Smith, rocker
  • May 8 John Reid, British politician (L), born in Bellshill, Scotland
  • May 9 Hans Georg Bock, German mathematician
  • May 10 Christopher Gent, CEO (Vodafone Group)
  • May 11 Nirj Deva, Sri Lankan-British politician
  • May 13 Jeffrey Evans, Lord Mayor of London (2015-16), born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • May 19 Jean-Pierre Haignere, French cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-17)
  • May 20 John Amiel, director (Queen of Hearts, Tune in Tomorrow)
  • May 20 John R McKernan Jr, (Rep-R-ME, 1983-86/Gov-Maine)
  • May 20 Samuel Gejdenson, (Rep-D-Connecticut, 1981- )
  • May 22 Richard Baker, (Rep-R-Louisiana)
  • May 27 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-8, T-14, TM-7)
  • May 31 Duncan L Hunter, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- 2009), born in Riverside, California
  • May 31 Svetlana Alexievich, journalist and author (Noble Prize for Literature 2015), born in Stanislav, Ukraine
  • Jun 1 Tomáš Halík, Czech priest and public intellectual
  • Jun 5 Frank Estersmith, Australia, rocker (Air Supply)
  • Jun 9 Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
  • Jun 11 Anthony Nelson, British Labour politician, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Jun 12 Barry Bailey, American rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section), born in Decatur, Georgia
  • Jun 19 Nick Drake, rocker (Back to Fruit Tree)
  • Jun 20 Nigel Morris, rocker (Isotope)
  • Jun 20 Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • Jun 21 Ian McEwan, English writer (Atonement), born in Aldershot, England
  • Jun 21 Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer (The Witcher), born in Łódź, Poland
  • Jun 23 Clarence Thomas, 108th US Supreme Court Justice (1991- ), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • Jun 23 Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
  • Jun 23 Joaquin Avila, American lawyer and civil rights champion who advocated against voter discrimination, born in Compton, California (d. 2018)
  • Jun 29 Charles McCorquodale, art historian, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • Jul 1 Wang Qishan, Chinese Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, born in Qingdao, Shandong
  • Jul 3 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
  • Jul 5 Julie Nixon Eisenhower, daughter of Richard Milhaus, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 6 Wadih Saadeh, Lebanese-Australian poet
  • Jul 6 Tom Curley, American media executive
  • Jul 9 Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian politician (15th Foreign Minister of Indonesia), born in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
  • Jul 12 Richard Simmons, American exercise guru (CHiPs, Deal-a-Meal), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jul 12 Ben Burtt Jr., American sound designer, born in Jamesville, New York
  • Jul 13 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • Jul 13 Robert Underwood, (Rep-D-Guam)
  • Jul 13 Ronald K Machtley, (Rep-R-Rhode Island)
  • Jul 17 Phillip Harris, rocker
  • Jul 18 Phil Harris, rocker (Ace)
  • Jul 18 Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Jul 20 Richard H Lehman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • Jul 21 Garry Trudeau, political cartoonist (Doonesbury)
  • Jul 22 S. E. Hinton, American author
  • Jul 23 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Jul 25 Brian Stableford, British sci-fi author (Day of Wrath), born in Shipley, Yorkshire
  • Jul 28 Sergei Bodrov, Russian director (Katala, Somebody to Love), born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • Jul 31 Leaveil Degree, rocker (Whispers)
  • Aug 1 Bob Spink, British politician (MP for Castle Point in Essex), born in Haworth, Worth Valley, Yorkshire
  • Aug 1 Abdelmalek Sellal, Prime Minister of Algeria (2014 - present), born in Constantine, Algeria
  • Aug 2 Robert Holdstock, English sci-fi author (Ghost Dance, Labyrinth), born in Hythe, England (d. 2009)
  • Aug 3 Pierre Lacroix, Canadian National Hockey League executive, born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • Aug 4 James C Slattery, (Rep-D-Kansas, 1983- )
  • Aug 6 Michael Peters, choreographer (What's Love Got to Do with It)
  • Aug 7 James Allison, American immunologist (Noble Prize for Medicine 2018), born in Alice, Texas
  • Aug 7 Marty Appel, American public relations executive and author
  • Aug 8 Svetlana Y Savitskaya, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-12, T-15A)
  • Aug 11 Don Boyd, Scottish director and producer (Goldeneye, 21, East of Elephant Rock), born in Nairn
  • Aug 11 Jan Palach, Czech student protester (d. 1969)
  • Aug 12 Graham Zellick, principal (Queen Mary & Westfield College London)
  • Aug 13 Mosiuoa Patrick "Terror" Lekota, South African UDF/ANC-leader
  • Aug 15 George Ryton, British engineer, born in Singapore
  • Aug 16 Pierre Reid, Canadian politician and teacher
  • Aug 19 Tipper Gore, wife of US Vice President Al Gore (1993-01)
  • Aug 23 Andrei Pleşu, Romanian writer and essayist, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • Aug 23 Daniel Ruettiger "Rudy", University of Notre Dame football legend, born in Joliet, Illinois
  • Aug 24 Kim Sung-Il, Chief of Staff of Republic of Korea Air Force
  • Aug 29 Charles David Walker, American engineer and astronaut (STS 12 STS 16 STS 23), born in Bedford, Indiana
  • Sep 1 Józef Życiński, Polish archbishop and philosopher
  • Sep 1 James Rebhorn, PA, actor (White Collar, Homeland), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • Sep 2 Christa McAuliffe, American teacher who died in Challenger space shuttle disaster, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1986)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History