October 1949 in History

Events in History

Historic Event

Oct 1 People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)

  • Oct 1 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • Oct 2 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China
  • Oct 3 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
  • Oct 4 American Contract Bridge League votes 58½% to keep blacks out
  • Oct 4 United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated
  • Oct 6 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years & $10,000 fine

Historic Event

Oct 6 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)

  • Oct 7 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl 1st premier
  • Oct 11 Costa Rica abolishes its army (decree 249)
  • Oct 14 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • Oct 14 Chinese Red army occupies Canton
  • Oct 15 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government
  • Oct 15 Tripura accedes to Indian union
  • Oct 20 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Historic Event

Oct 21 Author of "Brave New World" Aldous Huxley writes to congratulate George Orwell on his new novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four"

  • Oct 22 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
  • Oct 22 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:21.2)
  • Oct 24 Construction begins on the United Nations headquarters in New York
  • Oct 26 US President Harry Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents
  • Oct 28 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • Oct 31 Dutch Nazi Henri 'Hakkie' Holdert, director of Amsterdam paper De Telegraaf and member of the SS, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Isaac Bonewits, American author
  • Oct 3 Yekaterina Aleksandrowna Ivanova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-15A)
  • Oct 4 Luis Sepúlveda, Chilean writer and political activist (The Old Man Who Read Love Stories), born in Ovalle, Chile (d. 2020)
  • Oct 4 Stephen Gyllenhaal, American director
  • Oct 5 Ralph Goodale, Canadian politician and diplomat (Member of Parliament, 1993-2019; Minister of Public Safety, 2015-19; High Commissioner to UK, 2019-), born in Regina, Saskatchewan
  • Oct 12 Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist, born in Michelena, Venezuela
  • Oct 14 Katha Pollitt, American poet and writer, born in Brooklyn Heights, New York
  • Oct 16 André Leon Talley, American fashion expert, former Vogue editor, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 19 Jamie McGrigor, British politician

Benjamin NetanyahuBenjamin Netanyahu (73 years old)

Oct 21 9th Israeli prime minister (1996-99 and 2009-21), born in Tel Aviv, Israel

  • Oct 21 Jonathon Silver, entrepreneur/arts patron
  • Oct 22 Glenn Ford, American freed death row inmate (wrongly spent 30 years in prison), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • Oct 22 Vasilios Magginas, Greek politician
  • Oct 23 Nick Tosches, American writer (bio of Jerry Lee Lewis), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2019)
  • Oct 24 Robert Pickton, Canadian serial killer charged with the first degree murder of twenty-six women, born in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia
  • Oct 27 Clifford Antone, American businessman, born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2006)
  • Oct 27 Mike Kopetski, American businessman and politician (Rep-D-Oregon), born in Pendleton, Oregon
  • Oct 28 Surin Pitsuwan, Thai foreign minister and 12th Secretary General of ASEAN (2008-2012), born in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand (d. 2017)
  • Oct 31 Dumisa Ntsebeza, South African attorney and anti-apartheid activist, born in Transkei, South Africa
  • Oct 31 Michael Parker, American businessman and politician (Rep-D-Mississippi), born in Laurel, Mississippi
  • Oct 31 Terrence W. Wilcutt, United States Marine Corps officer and a NASA astronaut, born in Russellville, Kentucky

Weddings in History

Phyllis Schlafly

Oct 20 American constitutional lawyer Phyllis Stewart (25) weds attorney John Fred Schlafly, Jr.

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post, dies at 77
  • Oct 6 Robert Lynd, Irish writer and critic (News Chronicle), dies at 70
  • Oct 29 G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • Oct 31 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, dies at 49