On This Day

1949 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 214


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Enid Blyton's wooden toy character Noddy first appears in the "Sunday Graphic"

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • Jun 6 Orapin Chaiyakan becomes the first Thai woman to be elected to the Parliament of Thailand
  • Jun 8 Siam changes name to Thailand
  • Jun 9 Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of US

Historic PublicationNineteen Eighty-Four Published

Jun 9 George Orwell publishes his seminal novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four" set in the totalitarian state of Oceania

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The cover of the first edition of George Orwell's classic novel
The cover of the first edition of George Orwell's classic novel
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  • Jun 10 Istvan Dobi becomes Hungarian premier
  • Jun 11 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:28.2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed during the First Indochina War, Bảo Đại installed as Emperor

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • Jun 15 Phils Eddie Waitkus, shot by Ruth Steinhagen, 19, at Eddgewater Hotel
  • Jun 16 Gas turbine-electric locomotive demonstrated at Erie, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 20 Central Intelligence Agency Act passes
  • Jun 23 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • Jun 23 Dutch Constellation aircraft plunges into the sea near Bari, 33 die
  • Jun 24 A M de Jong's murderer, Ton van Gog, arrested in Scheveningen, Netherlands
  • Jun 24 Cargo airlines 1st licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board
  • Jun 25 Presidential election in Syria (some women allowed to vote)

  • Jun 26 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
  • Jun 27 "Captain Video & His Video Rangers" debut on DUMONT-TV
  • Jun 29 South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages
  • Jun 29 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • Jun 30 Dutch troops evacuate Jakarta
  • Jul 2 The State of Vietnam is internationally recognised, governing the southern half of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as chief of state
  • Jul 6 Freak heat wave sent central coast of Portugal to 158°F for 2 minutes
  • Jul 8 The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other race groups is passed in South Africa
  • Jul 10 1st practical rectangular TV tube announced in Toledo, Ohio
  • Jul 12 Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die

BeatificationExcommunication

Jul 13 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Jul 19 Laos becomes associated state within French Union
  • Jul 20 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
  • Jul 20 Vasil Kolarov elected Premier of Bulgaria
  • Jul 21 US Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)
  • Jul 27 1st jet-propelled airline (De Havilland Comet) flies
  • Jul 29 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin
  • Jul 30 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • Aug 3 Republic Indonesia proclaims cease fire
  • Aug 5 6.4 Earthquake strikes Tungurahua Province, Ecuador, killing 5,000 people

  • Aug 8 Bhutan, land of Dragon, becomes an independent monarchy
  • Aug 10 US National Military Establishment renamed Depertment of Defense
  • Aug 11 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 Gaston Eyskens forms Belgian government

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • Aug 14 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi
  • Aug 18 Hungary adopts constitution
  • Aug 20 Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution
  • Aug 21 Philadelphia fans cause A's to forfeit game when they riot over a trapped line drive by Rich Ashburn, Giants leading 4-2 in 9th declared winners
  • Aug 24 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect
  • Aug 28 Riot prevents Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill, New York
  • Aug 29 USSR performs its first nuclear test at Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR
  • Aug 30 Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
  • Sep 1 1st network detective series-Private Eyes-premieres
  • Sep 2 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
  • Sep 3 Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
  • Sep 4 Marie Robie sinks 393 yd hole-in-one (1st hole in Furnace Brook)
  • Sep 6 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes in Camden, New Jersey

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 12 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Sep 14 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
  • Sep 17 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
  • Sep 17 North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
  • Sep 20 Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
  • Sep 21 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim the People's Republic of China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 US President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 25 Evangelist Billy Graham begins his "Los Angeles Crusade" in a circus tent erected in a parking lot

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham
  • Sep 30 American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Company announces an improved method for producing cortisone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 1 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • Oct 2 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China
  • Oct 3 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
  • Oct 4 American Contract Bridge League votes 58½% to keep blacks out
  • Oct 4 United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated
  • Oct 6 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years & $10,000 fine
  • Oct 6 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)
  • Oct 7 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
  • Oct 14 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • Oct 14 Chinese Red army occupies Canton
  • Oct 15 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government
  • Oct 15 Tripura accedes to Indian union
  • Oct 20 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Author of "Brave New World" Aldous Huxley writes to congratulate George Orwell on his new novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four"

  • Oct 22 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
  • Oct 22 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:21.2)
  • Oct 24 Construction begins on the United Nations headquarters in New York
  • Oct 26 US President Harry Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents
  • Oct 28 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • Oct 31 Dutch Nazi Henri 'Hakkie' Holdert, director of Amsterdam paper De Telegraaf and member of the SS, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment
  • Nov 2 The Netherlands recognizes its former colony Indonesia as a sovereign state
  • Nov 2 NL scheme for national distribution of textiles, meat and cheese disbands
  • Nov 4 "One Man's Family" premieres on TV
  • Nov 6 Greek civil war ends after 3 years with defeat of communist factions
  • Nov 7 King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament
  • Nov 9 Costa Rica adopts Constitution
  • Nov 18 The U.S. Air Force grounds B-29s after two crashes and 23 deaths in three days

CrownRoyal Coronation

Nov 19 Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco

Prince of Monaco Rainier III
Prince of Monaco
Rainier III
  • Nov 20 Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
  • Nov 24 British steel & iron industry nationalised
  • Nov 26 The Constituent Assembly of India formally adopts a new constitution
  • Nov 29 Nationalist regime of China leaves for Taiwan/Formosa
  • Nov 29 Uranium mine explosions in East Germany kills 3,700

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 30 New Zealand general election won by Sidney Holland's National party, ousting Peter Fraser's Labour government

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser
  • Nov 30 Chinese Communists captured Chungking
  • Dec 4 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak is fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by Malay student Rosli Dhoby with help from Morshidi Sidek with the goal of helping neighbouring Indonesia to take over British Sarawak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 7 Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 224

  • Jun 21 Jim Bacchus, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Nashville, Tennessee

Person of interestElizabeth Warren

Jun 22 Elizabeth Warren, American academic and US Senator (D-Massachusetts 2013-), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
  • Jun 27 Vera Wang, American fashion designer (Vera Wang Fashions), born in New York City
  • Jun 28 Edward Totah, art dealer
  • Jun 29 Joan Clos, Spanish politician (116th Mayor of Barcelona & Minister of Industry), born in Parets del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain
  • Jun 29 Ann Veneman,5th Executive Director of UNICEF and 27th United States Secretary of Agriculture, born in Modesto, California
  • Jun 30 Bùi Thanh Liêm, Vietnamese cosmonaut, born in Hanoi, Vietnam (d. 1981)
  • Jul 8 Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef, born in Sankt Veit an der Glan, Austria
  • Jul 14 Lukas D Barnard, head of South Africa secret service (NIS)
  • Jul 15 WiIlliam Faure, producer
  • Jul 15 Carl Bildt, Swedish politician
  • Jul 15 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (2006-present), born in Al Shindagha, Dubai, Trucial States
  • Jul 15 Aritana Yawalapiti, Brazilian indigenous cacique (leader) of Yawalapiti people, who sought to preserve the Amazon, born in Brazil (d. 2020)
  • Jul 16 Cyndy Garvey, wife of Steve Garvey, talk show host (AM LA), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jul 22 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai and Prime Minister of UAE
  • Jul 24 Marjanne Sint, Dutch director and politician (PvdA), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Jul 26 William M Shepherd, American Navy SEAL and NASA astronaut (STS 27, 41, 52), born in Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • Jul 29 Marilyn Tucker Quayle, novelist/wife of Vice President Dan Quayle (1989-93)
  • Aug 1 Kurmanbek Bakiyev, 2nd President of Kyrgyzstan (2005-10), born in Masadan, Kyrgyzstan
  • Aug 2 Bertalan Farkas, Hungarian cosmonaut (Soyuz 36/35), born in Gyulaháza, Hungary
  • Aug 2 James Fallows, American writer and journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 3 Reed Waller, American comic book author (Omaha the Cat Dancer)
  • Aug 6 Joyce McKinney, Avery County NC, Miss Wyoming (1972)
  • Aug 6 Alan Campbell, Northern Irish clergyman
  • Aug 6 Clarence Richard Silva, Catholic Bishop of Honolulu
  • Aug 7 Walid Jumblatt, Lebanese political leader, born in Moukhtara, Lebanon
  • Aug 8 Bela Magyari, Hungarian cosmonaut
  • Aug 9 Jonathan Kellerman, American writer
  • Aug 11 Tim Hutchinson, American politician (Rep-R-Arkansas 1997-2003), born in Bentonville, Arkansas
  • Aug 12 Anthony Akerman, South Africa, director
  • Aug 12 Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil (1990-92)
  • Aug 12 Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek politician
  • Aug 13 Peter Visclosky, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana, 1985- ), born in Gary, Indiana
  • Aug 14 John Tarrant, 1st Australian born Zen teacher, born in Tasmania, Australia
  • Aug 15 Carlien Brouwer, translator/missing since Jan 6, 1994
  • Aug 15 Beverly Burns, American pilot and 1st woman to captain a Boeing 747, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Aug 15 Richard Deacon, Welsh sculptor, born in Bangor, Wales
  • Aug 17 Norm Coleman, American politician (Senator(R)-Minnesota 2003-09), born in New York City
  • Aug 22 Þórarinn Eldjárn, Icelandic writer (The Blue Tower), born in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Aug 22 Alfred Musema, Rwandan genocidaire, born in Byumba, Rwanda
  • Aug 23 Norah Ellen O'Neill, first woman pilot for Alaska Central Air (1974), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Aug 24 Anna Lee Fisher [Tingle], American chemist, emergency physician and astronaut (STS 51-A), born in St Albans, New York
  • Aug 25 Martin Amis, English novelist (London Fields), born in Swansea, Wales
  • Aug 26 Robert (Bob) Cowsill, (The Cowsills - Hair, We Can Fly), born in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Aug 27 Andrew McKay, conservative MP
  • Aug 27 Edmund Weiner, English lexicographer (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Oxford, England
  • Aug 30 Ted Ammon, American financier and investment banker, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • Aug 30 Don Boudria, Canadian politician (MP for Glengarry–Prescott–Russell), born in Hull, Quebec, Canada
  • Sep 1 P.A. Sangma, Indian politician
  • Sep 3 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria, Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, born in Sichari, Kyrenia District, Cyprus (d. 2004)
  • Sep 6 Mhlabunzima Maphumulo, South African Kwazulu politician (first President of Congress of Traditional Leaders of South Africa (CONTRALESA)) (d. 1991)
  • Sep 7 Barry Siegel, American journalist (Pulitzer Prize - A Father's Pain, a Judge's Duty, and a Justice Beyond Their Reach), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Sep 9 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
  • Sep 15 Joe Barton, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives, 1985-2019), born in Waco, Texas
  • Sep 18 Jim McCrery, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • Sep 18 Mo Mowlam, British Labour Party politician (Member of Parliament for Redcar), born in Watford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2005)
  • Sep 19 Barry Scheck, American lawyer and co-founder of Innocence Project, born in Queens, New York
  • Sep 22 Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist and author (d. 1999)
  • Sep 22 Jim McGinty, Australian politician
  • Sep 25 Jerry Costello, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in East St. Louis, Illinois
  • Sep 26 Jane Smiley, American novelist (Pulitzer 1991-A Thousand Acres), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 26 Minette Walters, English novelist (The Ice House), born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England
  • Sep 27 Graham Richardson, Australian politician
  • Sep 30 Michel Tognini, Vincennes France, astronaut (Soyuz TM-15, sk: STS 93)
  • Oct 1 Isaac Bonewits, American author
  • Oct 3 Yekaterina Aleksandrowna Ivanova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-15A)
  • Oct 4 Stephen Gyllenhaal, American director
  • Oct 4 Luis Sepúlveda, Chilean writer and political activist (The Old Man Who Read Love Stories), born in Ovalle, Chile (d. 2020)
  • Oct 5 Ralph Goodale, Canadian politician (Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness), born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • Oct 12 Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist, born in Michelena, Venezuela
  • Oct 14 Katha Pollitt, American poet and writer, born in Brooklyn Heights, New York
  • Oct 16 André Leon Talley, American fashion expert, former Vogue editor, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 19 Jamie McGrigor, British politician
Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu
  • Oct 21 Jonathon Silver, entrepreneur/arts patron
  • Oct 22 Vasilios Magginas, Greek politician
  • Oct 22 Glenn Ford, American freed death row inmate (wrongly spent 30 years in prison), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • Oct 23 Nick Tosches, American writer
  • Oct 24 Robert Pickton, Canadian serial killer charged with the first degree murder of twenty-six women, born in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia
  • Oct 27 Mike Kopetski, American businessman and politician (Rep-D-Oregon), born in Pendleton, Oregon
  • Oct 27 Clifford Antone, American businessman, born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2006)
  • Oct 28 Robert Mellors, gay activist
  • Oct 28 Surin Pitsuwan, Thai foreign minister and 12th Secretary General of ASEAN (2008-2012), born in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand (d. 2017)
  • Oct 31 Dumisa Ntsebeza, South African attorney and anti-apartheid activist, born in Transkei, South Africa
  • Oct 31 Michael Parker, American businessman and politician (Rep-D-Mississippi), born in Laurel, Mississippi
  • Oct 31 Terrence W. Wilcutt, United States Marine Corps officer and a NASA astronaut, born in Russellville, Kentucky
  • Nov 1 Michael D. Griffin, American aerospace engineer and NASA chief administrator, born in Aberdeen, Maryland
  • Nov 2 Simon Augustini, Albanian politician (Vice Chairman of the Albanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo (PSHDK)), born in Sojeva, Uroševac, Yugoslavia

Person of interestAnna Wintour

Nov 3 Anna Wintour, English-American editor (Editor of US Vogue), born in London, England

Magazine Editor Anna Wintour
Magazine Editor
Anna Wintour
  • Nov 6 Joseph C. Wilson, Vice Chairman of Jarch Capital, LLC, born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Nov 8 Wayne LaPierre, Executive Vice Presidenf of the US National Rifle Association, born in Schenectady, New York
  • Nov 12 Jack Reed, (Rep-D-Rhode Island)
  • Nov 14 Terry Lee Johnson, Alabama, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • Nov 17 John Boehner, (Rep-R-Ohio)
  • Nov 19 Mickey Lee Davis Jr, Tenn, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • Nov 20 Thelma Drake, American politician, US Rep, Virginia (2005-09), born in Elyria, Ohio
  • Nov 22 Richard Carmona, 17th Surgeon General of the United States (2002-06), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 23 Gayl Jones, American author/poet (Corregidora, Song for Anninho)
  • Nov 24 Martin Duiser, pop producer (Vanessa, Lee Towers)
  • Nov 25 Rita Jenrette, wife of Rep John Jenrette (D-SC), born in San Antonio, Texas

Weddings in History


Deaths in History