On This Day

1951 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 238

  • Jan 1 Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines
  • Jan 2 Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
  • Jan 4 Korean War: Chinese forces recapture Seoul
  • Jan 6 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • Jan 8 Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow (the Bermuda petrel) is rediscovered in Bermuda
  • Jan 9 "Life After Tomorrow", 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
  • Jan 10 1st jet passenger trip made
  • Jan 10 UN headquarters opens in Manhattan NY
  • Jan 13 German general Christian Hansen freed early from Dutch prison
  • Jan 15 "Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000
  • Jan 15 Supreme Court rule "clear & present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest
  • Jan 15 Ilse Koch, also known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald", is sentenced to life imprisonment by a West German court
  • Jan 16 Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
  • Jan 16 World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Texas, to 134th St, New York City)
  • Jan 17 China refuses ceases-fire in Korea

  • Jan 18 1st use of lie detector in Netherlands
  • Jan 18 Hermann Flake sentenced to death due to "hate campaign against GDR"
  • Jan 18 Mount Lamington in Papua New Guinea erupts, killing 2,942 people
  • Jan 22 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom
  • Jan 22 Fidel Castro is ejected from a Winter League baseball game after hitting a batter
  • Jan 24 Dutch government Drees-van Schaik resigns
  • Jan 27 US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site
  • Jan 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jan 29 Baseball signs 6 year All-Star pact for TV-radio rights for $6 million
  • Jan 30 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • Feb 1 -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)
  • Feb 1 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated
  • Feb 1 1st telecast of an atomic explosion
  • Feb 1 Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed
  • Feb 1 UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
  • Feb 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 2 -35°F (-37°C), Greensburg, Indiana (state record until 1994)
  • Feb 2 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 3 Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Feb 3 Tennessee Williams' play "The Rose Tattoo" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams

  • Feb 4 US female Figure Skating championship won by Sonya Klopfer
  • Feb 4 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Feb 6 "Broker Special" train crashes in Woodbridge NJ, killing 84

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6 Radio commentator Paul Harvey arrested for trying to sneak into Argonne National Laboratory, a nuclear test site located 20 miles (32 km) west of Chicago

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • Feb 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site Argonne Atomic Lab (Ill), to demonstrate lax in security

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 11 Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election in the Gold Coast (Ghana)

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • Feb 16 NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing
  • Feb 16 San Francisco City Hall dome fire
  • Feb 18 Nepal becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • Feb 18 Netherlands Radio School forms
  • Feb 21 SC House urges "Shoeless Joe" Jackson be reinstated
  • Feb 24 Ice Pairs Championship at Milan won by Ria Baran & Paul Falk of GER
  • Feb 24 Ladies' Figure Skating Champion in Milan won by Jeanette Altwegg of Great Britain
  • Feb 24 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Milan won by Richard Button of USA
  • Feb 25 1st Pan American Games opens (Buenos Aires Argentina)
  • Feb 26 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia begins
  • Feb 27 22nd amendment ratified, limiting US Presidents to 2 terms
  • Feb 28 French government of Pleven dissolves
  • Feb 28 Senate committee reports of at least 2 major US crime syndicates
  • Mar 6 Belgium extends conscription to 24 months

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 The trial of Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel Rosenberg begins

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Mar 7 Lillian Hellman's play "Autumn Garden" premieres on Broadway in NYC

Playwright Lillian Hellman
Playwright
Lillian Hellman
  • Mar 8 Intl Table Tennis Federation bans Egypt (for refusing to play Israel)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam submit a classified paper at the Los Alamos lab, in which they proposed their revolutionary new design, staged implosion, for a practical megaton-range hydrogen bomb

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declines post of baseball commissioner

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Mar 12 Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
  • Mar 12 Communist troops driven out of Seoul
  • Mar 12 Comic strip "Dennis the Menace," 1st appears in the British comic magazine The Beano'
  • Mar 13 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
  • Mar 13 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
  • Mar 14 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
  • Mar 15 UN forces recapture Seoul, the fourth and final time the city changes hands in the Korean War
  • Mar 15 Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
  • Mar 17 Government of Drees takes power
  • Mar 19 Herman Wouk's novel "The Caine Mutiny" published (Pulitzer Prize 1952)
  • Mar 20 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • Mar 20 Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded
  • Mar 21 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea
  • Mar 23 Wages in France increase 11%
  • Mar 25 E Purcell & EM Ewen detect 21-cm radiation at Harvard physics lab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 United States Air Force flag officially adopted by President Harry S. Truman

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 American citizens Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted and sentenced to death for conspiracy to commit espionage for the Soviet Union

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • Mar 31 US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea
  • Apr 3 Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4 Dutch Prince Bernhard visits Argentine President Juan & Eva Perón in Buenos Aires

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
  • Apr 5 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death
  • Apr 7 American Bowling Congress begins 1st masters tournament
  • Apr 7 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 US President Harry Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of command in Korea

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Apr 12 Israeli Knesset officially designates April 13 as Holocaust Day
  • Apr 15 Michael Gorsira is 1st person in charge of Curacao
  • Apr 16 British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
  • Apr 18 Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
  • Apr 18 France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community
  • Apr 19 General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career
  • Apr 20 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Apr 20 Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
  • Apr 22 Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC
  • Apr 26 Queen Juliana opens Brielsche Mausoleum

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 28 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • Apr 29 China seizes the assets of the Asiatic Petroleum Company, a joint venture between the Shell and Royal Dutch oil companies in retaliation for the Hong Kong Government's requisitioning of the tanker Yung Hao
  • May 1 600,000 march for peace & freedom in Germany
  • May 1 Dutch Reformed Church introduces new church choir
  • May 3 Royal Festival Hall opens in London

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 226

  • Jan 1 Frans Kellendonk, author (Ruin, The Good for Nothing)
  • Jan 1 Ashfaq Hussain, Urdu poet
  • Jan 2 Alexander Pogrebinsky, Russian painter
  • Jan 3 Frank Chikane, Secretary-General of South African Council of Churches
  • Jan 3 Gary Nairn, Australian politician
  • Jan 7 Talgat Musabayev, Kazakh test pilot & cosmonaut (TM-19, TM-27), born in Kargaly, Kazakhstan
  • Jan 7 Mike Ward, American politician, born in White Plains, New York
  • Jan 8 Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician, born in Laborie, Saint Lucia

Person of interestRush Limbaugh

Jan 12 Rush Limbaugh, American right wing radio personality, born in Cape Girardeau, Missouri (d. 2021)

Radio Personality and Author Rush Limbaugh
Radio Personality and Author
Rush Limbaugh
  • Jan 12 Ann Althouse, American law professor, born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • Jan 18 Bram Behr, Surinamese journalist, born in Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles (d. 1982)
  • Jan 18 Elijah Cummings, American politician (Rep-Maryland (D) 1996-2019), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2019)
  • Jan 20 Magomed Omarovich Tolboyev, Russian cosmonaut & test-pilot, born in Sogratl', Russia

Person of interestEric Holder

Jan 21 Eric Holder, American lawyer and judge (1st African American US Attorney General 2009-2015), born in The Bronx, New York

82nd Attorney General of the United States Eric Holder
82nd Attorney General of the United States
Eric Holder

Person of interestChesley Sullenberger

Jan 23 Chesley Sullenberger III, American pilot (successfully executed emergency landing US Airways Flight 1549 in the Hudson River), born in Denison, Texas

  • Jan 28 Gordon Prentice, British MP
  • Jan 28 Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk, Kkishkov Ukraine, astronaut (STS 87)
  • Jan 28 Brian Bilbray, American politician
  • Jan 31 Presiley Baxendale, British QC, born in London, England
  • Feb 1 Andrew Smith, British politician, born in Wokingham, United Kingdom
  • Feb 3 Blaise Compaoré, Burkinabé politician, born in Ziniare, Burkina Faso
  • Feb 6 Maria Christina, Belgian princess & daughter of Leopold III, born in Brussels, Belgium
  • Feb 8 Z'EV, American text/sound artist (born Stefan Weisser)
  • Feb 9 Jay Inslee, American politician, Governor of Washington (2013-), Rep-D-Washington (1993-5, 1999-2012), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Feb 10 Roxanne Pulitzer, author (Prize Pulitzer), born in Glendale, California
  • Feb 10 Zeudi Araya, Asmara Ethiopia, Miss Ethiopia (1969)
  • Feb 12 Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • Feb 18 Isabel Preysler, Philippines-born Spanish socialite, born in Manila, Philippines
  • Feb 19 Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db), Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar

Person of interestGordon Brown

Feb 20 Gordon Brown, British Labour Prime Minister (2007–10), born in Giffnock, Scotland

British Prime Minister Gordon Brown
British Prime Minister
Gordon Brown
  • Feb 22 Harley O. Staggers Jr., American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1983- ), born in Washington, D.C
  • Feb 23 Nicholas Kenyon, controller (BBC Radio 3)
  • Feb 27 Lee Atwater, Republican National Committee Chairman (1989-91), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Mar 1 Barbara DeAngelis, talk show hostess (Barbara DeAngelis Show)
  • Mar 1 Paula Sperber-Carter, American bowler (US Open 1971; USBC Hall of Fame), born in Miami, Florida
  • Mar 3 Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Mar 4 Edelgard Bulmahn, German politician
  • Mar 4 Theresa Hak Kyung Cha, American novelist (d. 1982)
  • Mar 9 Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Mar 9 Helen Zille, South African politician, born in Johannesburg
  • Mar 14 Jerry Greenfield, American businessman and co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 17 Donald Findlay, Scottish lawyer
  • Mar 18 Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 20 Curt Smith, American author and media host
  • Mar 22 Musa Manarov, Soviet cosmonaut who spent 541 days in space (Soyuz TM-4, TM-11), born in Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR
  • Mar 24 Kenneth S Reightler Jr, Patuxent R Md, Cmdr USN/astro (STS 48, 60)
  • Mar 24 Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer, born in Elmira, New York
  • Mar 28 Chip Reese, American poker player (3 x World Series of Poker bracelets), born in Centerville, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • Mar 30 Yves Séguin, Quebec politician
  • Apr 1 John Philip Abizaid, U.S. Army General, former CENTCOM commander
  • Apr 2 Moriteru Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist, born in Tokyo
  • Apr 4 Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia, born in Kampong Cham, Cambodia
  • Apr 5 Roosevel Ferguson, Arkansas, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • Apr 5 Dean Kamen, American engineer and inventor (Segway), born in Long Island, New York
  • Apr 10 Mark Roth, American pro bowler (4-time PBA Player of Year), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 10 David Helvarg, American journalist and environmental activist, born in Long Island, New York
  • Apr 11 Doris Angleton, American socialite and murder victim (d. 1997)
  • Apr 11 James Patrick Kelly, American sci-fi author (Think Like a Dinosaur), born in Mineola, New York
  • Apr 13 Jack Quinn, American politician (US House of Representatives from New York (R), 1993-2005), and college president (Erie Community, 2008-17), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Apr 14 Gregory "Greg" Winter, British biochemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018) known for the therapeutic use of antibodies, born in Leicester, England
  • Apr 15 Heloise [Ponce Kiah Marchelle Heloise Cruse Evans], American writer and columnist (Heloise's Helpful Hints), born in Waco, Texas
  • Apr 15 John L. Phillips, NASA astronaut, born in Fort Belvoir, Virginia
  • Apr 15 Marsha S. Ivins, American astronaut (STS 32, 46, 62, 81), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Apr 16 Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer, born in Orbec, Normandy, France
  • Apr 16 Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer, born in Timişoara, Romania
  • Apr 18 Pierre Pettigrew, Canadian politician (Minister for International Trade), born in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • Apr 19 Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (2004-08), born in Tvøroyri, Suðuroy
  • Apr 21 Aleksandr Ivanovich Laveykin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-2)
  • Apr 21 Tony Danza, (Tony Banta-Taxi, Tony Micelli-Who's the Boss), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 21 Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
  • Apr 22 Ana María Shua, Argentine poet
  • Apr 24 Andrew John Fairclough, trade union educator
  • Apr 25 Ian McCartney, British MP for Makerfield (1987-10), born in Lennoxtown, Scotland
  • Apr 27 Jim Justice, American businessman and politician, Governor of West Virginia (2017-), born in Charleston, West Virginia
  • May 1 Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
  • May 3 Tatyana Tolstaya, Russian writer, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • May 6 Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (d. 1990)
  • May 7 Mic Gillette, American brass player (Tower of Power, Cold Blood, The Sons of Champlin), born in Oakland, California (d. 2016)
  • May 10 Steve Gunderson, (Rep-R-WI, 1981- )
  • May 13 Jim Douglas, American politician, Governor of Vermont (2003-11), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • May 15 Frank Wilczek, American Physicist (2004 Nobel Prize), born in Mineola, New York
  • May 16 Christian Lacroix, French fashion designer, born in Arles, France
  • May 17 I R Evans, CEO (Hyder, Welsh Water)
  • May 17 Simon Hughes, British politician and government minister (SD)
  • May 20 Michael D Crapo, (Rep-R-Idaho)
  • May 20 Thomas D Akers, American former astronaut (STS 41, 49, 61, 79), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 23 Antonis Samaras, Greek politician
  • May 24 Ronald Parise, Italian-American astronaut (STS 35, STS 67), born in Warren, Ohio
  • May 26 Muhammed Ahmad Faris, Syria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3)
  • May 26 Madeleine Taylor-Quinn, Irish politician

Person of interestSally Ride

May 26 Sally Ride, American astronaut (first American woman to go to space), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • May 27 Norma Jean Almodovar, American author (Cop to Call Girl) and sex worker activist, born in Binghampton, New York
  • May 29 Peter Chernin, President of News Corporation
  • May 30 Fernando Lugo, Paraguayan politician
  • Jun 2 Gilbert Baker, American gay activist who designed the rainbow flag, born in Chanute, Kansas (d. 2017)
  • Jun 4 Yvonne van Rooy, Dutch State Secretary for Economic Affairs, born in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Jun 4 Wendy Pini, American comic book writer (Elfquest), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 11 Mark D. Siljander, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan (1981-87), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 11 Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese appropriation artist, born in Osaka, Japan
  • Jun 12 Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (2000-07), born in Yerevan, Armenia (d. 2007)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 27 Activist W.E.B. Du Bois (83) weds award-winning author Shirley Graham (54) in Queens, New York

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 10 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (68) weds nurse Alyce Chester

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Industrialist
Henry J. Kaiser

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 18 Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz (28) weds Joyce Halverson

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Cartoonist
Charles M. Schulz

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 3 Author Maya Angelou (23) weds Thomas J. Angelos

Author, Poet and Activist Maya Angelou
Author, Poet and Activist
Maya Angelou

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 13 Future British PM Margaret Roberts (26) weds businessman Denis Thatcher (36) at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Sir William Campion, Governor of Western Australia, dies at 80
  • Jan 5 Andrei P Platonov, Russian author (Prok, Kotlovan), dies at 51
  • Jan 7 Johanna C H "Nelly" Bodenheim, painter (Luilekkerland), dies at 76
  • Jan 7 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (b. 1886)
  • Jan 10 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), dies from advanced alcoholism at 65
  • Jan 10 Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (known as the founding father of modern physics research in Japan), dies at 60
  • Jan 18 Robert Mark, US chairman (Caste World Congress), dies at 41
  • Jan 22 Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)
  • Jan 28 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Finnish general and 6th President of Finland (1944-46), dies at 83
  • Jan 29 James Bridie [Osborne Henry Mavor], dramatist, dies
  • Jan 30 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, dies at 75
  • Feb 12 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), dies at 53
  • Feb 13 Lloyd C. Douglas, American novelist (The Big Fisherman), dies at 73
  • Feb 16 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State), dies at 65
  • Feb 18 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Crusade), dies at 85

Person of interestAndré Gide

Feb 19 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), dies of pneumonia at 81

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • Feb 27 Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, dies at 91
  • Feb 28 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, dies at 50
  • Mar 6 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, dies at 70
  • Mar 7 Haj Ali Razmara, 33rd Prime Minister of Iran (1950-51), assassinated at 49
  • Mar 8 Honeymoon Killers, dies in electric chair
  • Mar 10 Kijūrō Shidehara, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1872)
  • Mar 11 Philippe of Isacker, Belgian minister, dies at 66
  • Mar 13 Alfred Hugenberg, German politician and media magnate, dies at 85
  • Mar 13 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), dies at 67
  • Mar 15 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)
  • Mar 26 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, dies at 86
  • Apr 3 Johannes C. Kielstra, Dutch economist & governor (Suriname 1933-44), dies at 72
  • Apr 4 George Albert Smith, President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dies
  • Apr 9 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Hadji Aga), dies at 48
  • Apr 9 Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89
  • Apr 18 António Óscar Carmona, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal & 11th President of Portugal, dies at 81
  • Apr 20 Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
  • Apr 22 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist, dies at 81
  • Apr 23 Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice President of the United States, banker and 1925 Nobel Peace Prize winner, dies at 85
  • Apr 26 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist, dies at 82
  • Apr 29 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), dies at 62
  • May 6 Élie Cartan, French mathematician (b. 1869)
  • May 12 Oscar DePriest, (Rep-D-Ill), dies at 80
  • May 13 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, author (Issue Beukennoot), dies at 65
  • May 25 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet and writer, dies at 63
  • May 26 Lincoln Ellsworth, Arctic explorer, dies at 71
  • May 27 Thomas Blamey, Australian general (WWI, WWII), dies at 67
  • May 30 Hermann Broch, Austrian novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment), dies at 64
  • Jun 1 Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer/historian, dies at 85
  • Jun 2 Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher, dies at 83
  • Jun 2 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), dies at 71
  • Jun 7 Bobel, Braune, Naumann, Ohlendorf, Pohl, Schallenmair & Otto Schmidt, Nazi war criminals, hanged
  • Jun 8 Eugène Fiset, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1874)
  • Jun 13 Ben Chifley, Australian politician and the 16th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1945-49), dies of a heart attack at 65
  • Jun 14 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician, dies at 73
  • Jun 17 Vin Coutie, Australian rules footballer, dies at 69
  • Jun 19 Angelos Sikelianos, Greek poet (b. 1884)
  • Jun 21 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer, dies at 83
  • Jul 2 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, dies at 75
  • Jul 20 Abdullah Ibn Hussein, Jordan's King (1946-51), killed in Jerusalem
  • Jul 20 Mustafa Shuqri Ashu, tailor/murderer of king Abdullah, shot to death
  • Jul 20 Wilhelm, the last Crown Prince of the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, dies at 69

Person of interestPhilippe Pétain

Jul 23 Philippe Pétain, French marshal and Chief of the French State (1940-44), dies at 95

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Jul 31 J of Oudshoorn [John K Feylbrief], writer (Maze of Sentences), dies

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

Aug 14 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), dies at 88

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Aug 16 Du Yuesheng, Chinese mob boss, dies at 62
  • Sep 6 James W. Gerard, American jurist and diplomat, dies at 84
  • Sep 6 Joe Falcaro, American bowler (National Match Game champion 1929-33), dies at 55
  • Sep 7 John French Sloan, American painter and etcher, dies at 80
  • Sep 8 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, executed by hanging for crimes against humanity at 56
  • Sep 24 Georges Rency, Belgian poet and literature, dies at 75
  • Sep 26 Hans Cloos, German geologist and pioneer in the study of granite tectonics (the deformation of crystalline rocks), dies at 65
  • Oct 4 Willie Moretti, American gangster (b. 1894)
  • Oct 4 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), dies of cervical cancer at 31
  • Oct 6 Henry Gurney, British high commissioner to Malaya, assassinated
  • Oct 6 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • Oct 6 Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (Kellogg's cereal brand), dies at 91
  • Oct 6 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), dies at 67
  • Oct 7 Anton Philips, Co-Founder of Royal Philips Electronics N.V., dies at 77
  • Oct 12 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, dies in captivity at 62
  • Oct 16 Liaquat Ali Khan, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (1947-51), assassinated by Said Akbar at 56
  • Oct 25 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, dies at 86
  • Oct 29 De Raymond, French High Director of Cambodia, murdered
  • Oct 29 Robert G Aitken, US astronomer (New General Catalogue), dies at 86
  • Nov 18 Johan van Maarseveen, Dutch Minister of Justice and Internal minister, dies at 57
  • Nov 25 Raden Mas Noto Soeroto, Javanese poet (Wayang Songs), dies at 63
  • Dec 4 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), dies at 61
  • Dec 5 Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer (b. 1871)
  • Dec 6 Harold Ross, American magazine editor and co-founded The New Yorker, dies at 59
  • Dec 10 Algernon Blackwood, English novelist (The Willows), dies at 82
  • Dec 15 Eric Drummond, British 1st Secretary-General of the League of Nations (1919-33), dies at 75
  • Dec 16 Dorothy Dix [Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer], American journalist and columnist, dies at 81
  • Dec 23 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Palo Verde), dies at 66
  • Dec 25 Harry T Moore, Florida NAACP official, killed by bomb
  • Dec 31 Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat, dies at 75
  • Dec 31 Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher and physicist, dies at 76