On This Day

October 1951 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson (US ambassador to Denmark)
  • Oct 1 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black US military unit, deactivated

Historic Event

Oct 6 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

Historic Event

Oct 7 David Ben-Gurion forms 3rd Israeli government

  • Oct 14 Organization of Central American States forms

Historic Event

Oct 15 First synthesis of an oral contraceptive (norethindrone) made by Luis E. Miramontes under direction of Carl Djerassi and George Rosenkranz at Mexican drug company Syntex

  • Oct 16 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated by Said Akbar in Rawalpindi
  • Oct 17 Egyptian army fires on British troops
  • Oct 18 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 19 US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
  • Oct 20 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • Oct 22 Earthquake hits Formosa, 100 killed
  • Oct 22 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

Oct 23 English chemist Rosalind Franklin first identifies the two types of carbon produced by temperature, in paper published by the Royal Society [1]

  • Oct 24 Jan de Hartog's "Four Poster" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 24 United Nations publishes its first postage stamps
  • Oct 25 Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
  • Oct 26 Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m & 15 miles

Election of Interest

Oct 26 Winston Churchill re-elected British Prime Minister at the age of 76

  • Oct 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 30 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 31 French Second Chamber accepts the Schuman Plan

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 3 Kathryn [Kathy] Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut (1st American woman to walk in space), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • Oct 3 Bernard Cooper, American novelist and short story writer, born in Hollywood, California
  • Oct 4 Bakhytzhan Kanapyanov, Kazakh poet
  • Oct 8 Jack O'Connell, American politician (Member of the California State Senate), born in Glen Cove, New York
  • Oct 10 Epeli Ganilau, Fijian soldier and politician (National Alliance Party of Fiji)
  • Oct 12 Ed Royce, American politician (Rep-R-California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 15 Hani Al-Mulki, Prime Minister of Jordan (2016-present), born in Amman, Jordan
  • Oct 16 Alan Wheat, (Rep-D-Missouri, 1983- )
  • Oct 18 Terry McMillan, American author
  • Oct 19 Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematical physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize
  • Oct 20 Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician and diplomat, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Oct 23 Fatmir Sejdiu, Kosovar politician, First President of Kosovo (2006-10), born in Pakashticë, Yugoslavia
  • Oct 27 Carlos Frenk, Mexican-British cosmologist, born in Mexico
  • Oct 27 Nancy Jacobs, American politician (R), Senator Maryland (1999-2015), born in Charleston, West Virginia

Edward Lee Howard

Oct 27 Edward Lee Howard, American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, born in Alamogordo, New Mexico (d. 2002)

  • Oct 28 Ron & Don Galyon, American siamese twins (Jerry Springer Show), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Oct 29 Dirk Kempthorne, American politician, Secretary of the Interior (Senator-R Idaho 1993-99), born in San Diego, California
  • Oct 30 Frank Pallone, American politician (Rep-D-New Jersey), born in Long Branch, New Jersey

Deaths in History

  • Oct 4 Willie Moretti, American gangster (b. 1894)
  • Oct 4 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), dies of cervical cancer at 31
  • Oct 6 Henry Gurney, British high commissioner to Malaya, assassinated
  • Oct 6 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • Oct 6 Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (Kellogg's cereal brand), dies at 91
  • Oct 6 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), dies at 67
  • Oct 7 Anton Philips, Co-Founder of Royal Philips Electronics N.V., dies at 77
  • Oct 12 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, dies in captivity at 62
  • Oct 16 Liaquat Ali Khan, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (1947-51), assassinated by Said Akbar at 56
  • Oct 25 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, dies at 86
  • Oct 29 Jean De Raymond, French High Director of Cambodia, assassinated by a Viet-Minh agent (b. 1907)
  • Oct 29 Robert Grant Aitken, American astronomer (New General Catalogue), dies at 86