December 1952 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation
  • Dec 3 Marcos Perez Jiménez elected president of Venezuela
  • Dec 4 Walter P. Reuther chosen chairman of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the US
  • Dec 5 Great Smog of London (England): Killer fog creeps in, as still winds and cold temperatures cause pollution fueled by coal smoke to stagnate; lasting 4 days, over 8,000 deaths attributed to conditions [1] [2]
  • Dec 6 Czech government tells Israeli ambassador that he is persona non grata
  • Dec 8 1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy)
  • Dec 8 French troops shoot at anti-colonial demonstrators in Casablanca, Morocco, killing 50
  • Dec 8 Isaak Ben-Zwi elected President of Israel
  • Dec 9 Great Smog of London (England): Wind resumes, lifting city's worst smog after 4 days; over 8,000 deaths attributed to conditions; clean air legislation enacted in its wake [1] [2]
  • Dec 10 Izhak Ben-Zvi elected 2nd president of Israel
  • Dec 14 UN Troops kill 82 North Korean POWs during a prison camp riot in Pongam-do, South Korea
  • Dec 15 Christine Jorgenson is the first known American to undergo a sex-change operation

Catholic Encyclical

Dec 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientales Ecclesias

  • Dec 19 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands unveils statue "Docker" ("Dokwerker"), memorializing the February Strike of 1941 over the arrest of 450 Jews for the killing of a Nazi sympathizer; designed by Mari Andriessen, it was relocated in 1970 from Amsterdam's Waterlooplein Market to Jonas Daniel Meijerplein (Square)
  • Dec 21 Broadway Tunnel opens in San Francisco
  • Dec 22 French government of Pinay, resigns
  • Dec 23 Alain Bombard arrives in Barbados after 65 days at sea proving his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive with almost no provisions, despite having lost 25 kg (65 lbs) in weight
  • Dec 29 1st transistorized hearing aid offered for sale (Elmsford NY)
  • Dec 30 Tuskegee Inst reports 1952 as 1st yr in 71 with no lynchings in US

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Rick Scott, American politician (Senator-R-Florida 2019-, Governor of Florida 2011-19), born in Bloomington, Illinois
  • Dec 2 Carol Shea-Porter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Hampshire), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 3 Benny Hinn, American televangelist
  • Dec 4 Ronald M. Sega, American professor of systems engineering and astronaut (STS 60, 76), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Dec 6 Craig Newmark, American entrepreneur and founder of the website Craigslist, born in Morristown, New Jersey
  • Dec 7 Susan Collins, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Caribou, Maine
  • Dec 8 Khaw Boon Wan, Singapore Health Minister, born in Penang, Malaysia
  • Dec 12 Herb Dhaliwal, Canadian politician, born in Chiheru, Punjab, India
  • Dec 15 Julie Taymor, American film and stage director (The Lion Kong, Frida), born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • Dec 17 Hans Alders, Dutch minister of environment (PvdA)
  • Dec 23 William Kristol, American political commentator, born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 27 Jay Hill, Canadian politician
  • Dec 28 Arun Jaitley, Indian Politician
  • Dec 30 Larry Bartlett, photographic printer

Deaths in History

  • Dec 1 Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Prime Minister of Italy (1917-19) who represented Italy at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, dies at 92
  • Dec 4 Karen Horney, German-American neo freudian psycho analyst, dies at 67
  • Dec 8 Charles Lightoller, British mariner (Second Officer of HMS Titanic), WWI Royal Navy officer, WWII Small Vessels Pool volunteer, dies of heart disease at 78
  • Dec 12 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), dies at 73
  • Dec 15 Potti Sreeramulu, Indian revolutionary known as the Father of Andhra for conducting a 56 day hunger strike in support of a separate Telugu-speaking state, fasts to death at 51, sparking rioting and 3 days later Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to declare an intention to form Andhra Pradesh state
  • Dec 24 Hans Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist (worked with Niels Bohr on electromagnetic waves), dies at 58
  • Dec 26 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Pegaso), dies at 59
  • Dec 27 Henri G Winkelman, Dutch supreme commander army/navy 1940, dies at 76
  • Dec 27 Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest, dies at 74
  • Dec 30 Ivan Olbracht, writer, dies