On This Day

January 1953 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • Jan 1 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • Jan 3 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • Jan 5 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Jan 6 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jan 8 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • Jan 8 René Mayer forms French government
  • Jan 9 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • Jan 10 "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances
  • Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish
  • Jan 12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • Jan 13 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Jan 14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester

  • Jan 14 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • Jan 15 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • Jan 15 GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage"
  • Jan 15 East Germany purges senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • Jan 16 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties
  • Jan 20 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada from Buffalo, New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 22 Arthur Miller's play "Crucible" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • Jan 25 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • Jan 27 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • Jan 28 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • Jan 31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • Jan 31 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
  • Jan 31 New York, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Gary Johnson, American businessman, politician and Libertarian Party nominee for President in 2016, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • Jan 5 Mike Rann, Australian politician, born in Sidcup, United Kingdom
  • Jan 5 George Tenet, American CIA director, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 9 Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children's author, born in Sleaford, United Kingdom
  • Jan 11 Anna Marchesini, Italian entertainer
  • Jan 15 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • Jan 16 Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi, born in Marfa, Texas (d. 1984)
  • Jan 22 Jim Jarmusch, American director (Only Lovers Left Alive), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Jan 23 Antonio Villaraigosa, Hispanic-American 52nd Mayor of Los Angeles, born in East Los Angeles, California

Person of interestPavlo Lazarenko

Jan 23 Pavlo Lazarenko, Prime Minister of Ukraine (1996-97), born in Karpivka, Ukraine

Prime Minister of Ukraine Pavlo Lazarenko
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Pavlo Lazarenko

Person of interestMoon Jae-in

Jan 24 Moon Jae-in, South Korean politician, President of South Korea (2017-), born in Geoje, South Korea

President of South Korea Moon Jae-in
President of South Korea
Moon Jae-in
  • Jan 25 Mark Weil, Uzbekistani theatre director, born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan (d. 2007)
  • Jan 26 Andrée van Es [Andrée Christine of Es], Dutch politician (PSP), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • Jan 26 Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark, born in Ginnerup, Denmark
  • Jan 29 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • Jan 30 Fred Hembeck, American cartoonist, born in Yaphank, New York

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, dies at 71
  • Jan 4 Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • Jan 11 Hans Aanrud, Norwegian author (Storken), dies at 89
  • Jan 11 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch Nazi founder (NSNAP), dies at 53
  • Jan 11 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet), dies at 58
  • Jan 11 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • Jan 13 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), dies at 64

Person of interestGerd von Rundstedt

Jan 24 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), dies of heart failure at 77

German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • Jan 26 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), dies at 58
  • Jan 26 Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
  • Jan 28 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 76
  • Jan 28 Derek Bentley, Englishman controversially convicted for murder of a police officer (pardoned 1998), executed at 19
  • Jan 30 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68