On This Day

January 1953 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • Jan 1 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • Jan 3 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • Jan 5 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Historic Event

Jan 5 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 6 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma

Historic Event

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb

  • Jan 8 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • Jan 8 René Mayer forms French government
  • Jan 9 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • Jan 10 "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances
  • Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish
  • Jan 12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • Jan 13 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14

Historic Event

Jan 13 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia

  • Jan 14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • Jan 14 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • Jan 15 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • Jan 15 East Germany's first Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage", beginning a purge of senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • Jan 16 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties
  • Jan 20 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada from Buffalo, New York

Historic Event

Jan 20 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

Appointment of Interest

Jan 21 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

Theater Premiere

Jan 22 Arthur Miller's play "Crucible" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 25 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • Jan 27 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • Jan 28 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • Jan 31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • Jan 31 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Gary Johnson, American businessman, politician and Libertarian Party nominee for President in 2016, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • Jan 5 Mike Rann, Australian politician, born in Sidcup, United Kingdom
  • Jan 5 George Tenet, American CIA director, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 9 Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children's author, born in Sleaford, United Kingdom
  • Jan 11 Anna Marchesini, Italian entertainer
  • Jan 15 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • Jan 16 Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi, born in Marfa, Texas (d. 1984)
  • Jan 22 Jim Jarmusch, American director (Only Lovers Left Alive), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Jan 23 Antonio Villaraigosa [Villar], Hispanic-American politician (Mayor of Los Angeles, 2005-13; California Assemblyman, 1994-2000), born in East Los Angeles, California

Pavlo Lazarenko

Jan 23 Pavlo Lazarenko, Prime Minister of Ukraine (1996-97), born in Karpivka, Ukraine

Moon Jae-in

Jan 24 Moon Jae-in, South Korean politician, President of South Korea (2017-), born in Geoje, South Korea

  • Jan 25 Mark Weil, Uzbekistani theatre director, born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan (d. 2007)
  • Jan 26 Andrée van Es [Andrée Christine of Es], Dutch politician (PSP), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • Jan 26 Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark, born in Ginnerup, Denmark
  • Jan 29 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • Jan 30 Fred Hembeck, American cartoonist, born in Yaphank, New York

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, dies at 71
  • Jan 4 Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • Jan 11 Hans Aanrud, Norwegian author (Storken), dies at 89
  • Jan 11 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch Nazi founder (NSNAP), dies at 53
  • Jan 11 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet), dies at 58
  • Jan 11 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • Jan 13 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), dies at 64

Gerd von Rundstedt

Jan 24 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), dies of heart failure at 77

  • Jan 26 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), dies at 58
  • Jan 26 Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
  • Jan 28 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 76
  • Jan 28 Derek Bentley, Englishman controversially convicted for murder of a police officer (pardoned 1998), executed at 19
  • Jan 30 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68