On This Day

July 1953 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 4 Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • Jul 8 US stops aid to Persia
  • Jul 9 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 First US national monument dedicated to a black American, to preserve the boyhood home of agricultural scientist and inventor George Washington Carver in Newton County, Missouri

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • Jul 15 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • Jul 20 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
  • Jul 20 The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency
  • Jul 25 NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens
  • Jul 26 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Fidel Castro leads a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, intended to spark a revolution in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Jul 26 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid

Agreement of InterestKorean War Ends

Jul 27 North Korea and the United Nations sign armistice to stop fighting and divide Korea at the 38th parallel

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Signing of the armistice which ended the active fighting phase of the Korean War
Signing of the armistice which ended the active fighting phase of the Korean War
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  • Jul 27 Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
  • Jul 29 US bomber shot down by Soviet Air Defence Forces in the Sea of Japan, north of Vladivostok

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Henry Percy, 11th duke of Northumberland and godchild of Elizabeth II (d. 1995)
  • Jul 3 Alynne Amkraut, American entertainer, born in Amityville, New York
  • Jul 9 Dave Camp, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Midland, Michigan
  • Jul 9 Irina D Latysheva, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Russia
  • Jul 9 Thomas Ligotti, American author (Songs of a Dead Dreamer), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jul 10 Françoise Bettencourt Meyers, French author and L'Oréal heiress (richest woman in the world 2019-), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • Jul 13 Mila Mulroney, wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
  • Jul 15 Jean-Bertrand Aristide, president of Haiti (1991, 1994- )
  • Jul 15 John Denham, Seaton, Devon, England, MP (Labour)
  • Jul 16 Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 18 Peter Greenall, 4th Baron Daresbury, British aristocrat and businessman, born in Marylebone, London
  • Jul 19 Howard Schultz, American businessman, CEO of Starbucks, born in New York City
  • Jul 20 Thomas Friedman, American journalist

Person of interestNajib Razak

Jul 23 Najib Razak, Malaysian politician (Prime Minister of Malaysia, 2009-2018), born in Kuala Lipis, Malaya

Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak
Prime Minister of Malaysia
Najib Razak
  • Jul 24 Claire McCaskill, American politician, junior senator from Missouri
  • Jul 27 Wim van de Camp, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Oss, Netherlands
  • Jul 30 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Balandin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-9), born in Moscow, Russia
  • Jul 31 Ted Baillieu, Australian Politician, Premier of Victoria (2010-13), born in Melbourne, Australia

Deaths in History

  • Jul 1 Azzedine Bey, Tunisian heir to the throne, murdered
  • Jul 1 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist, dies
  • Jul 14 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), dies at 70
  • Jul 15 Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios (b.1882)
  • Jul 16 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), dies at 82
  • Jul 18 Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
  • Jul 19 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 52
  • Jul 20 Dumarsaid Estime, President of Haiti (b. 1900)
  • Jul 20 Jan Struther, British author (b. 1901)
  • Jul 26 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greece premier (1945-50, 51-2), dies
  • Jul 31 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), dies at 63