On This Day

March 1953 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 3 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • Mar 7 Jackie McGlew scores 255* for South Africa v NZ at Wellington
  • Mar 8 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Joseph Stalin's funeral is held in Moscow after four days of national mourning

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 11 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 18 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Yenice–Gönen in western Turkey, 1070 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Mar 26 Dr. Jonas Salk announces that he has successfully tested a vaccine to prevent polio, clinical trials began the next year

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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  • Mar 27 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 31 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General

Secretary-General of the United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld
Secretary-General of the United Nations
Dag Hammarskjöld

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 3 Aleksandr Viktorovich Borodin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Mar 4 Christopher H Smith, (Rep-R-NJ, 1981- )
  • Mar 5 Russel D Feingold, (Sen-D Wisconsin)
  • Mar 5 Valery Grigoriyevich Korzun, Russian colonel/cosmonaut (TM-24)
  • Mar 6 Jan Kjærstad, Norwegian author
  • Mar 12 Carl Hiaasen, American journalist and author
  • Mar 12 Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese politician
  • Mar 15 Richard Bruton, Irish politician
  • Mar 16 Richard Stallman, American free software activist
  • Mar 17 Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)
  • Mar 18 Helmer C Koetje, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA)
  • Mar 18 Margaret L. Augustine, project manager (Biosphere 2), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Mar 22 Thomas H Andrews, American politician (Rep-D-Maine 1991-95), born in Brockton, Massachusetts
  • Mar 23 Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, British MP
  • Mar 26 Elaine Chao, American politician (U.S. Secretary of Transportaion, 2017-21; U.S. Secretary of Labor, 2001-2009) born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • Mar 26 Lincoln Chafee, American politician (Governor of Rhode Island, 2011-15; US Senator (R) - Rhode Island, 1999-2007), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Mar 26 Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (d. 2002)
  • Mar 28 Nydia M Velazquez, Puerto Rican politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
  • Mar 28 Melchior Ndadaye, 1st Hutu President of Burundi (1993), born in Nyabihanga, Burundi (d. 1993)

Deaths in History

Person of interestJoseph Stalin

Mar 5 Joseph Stalin, dictator and leader of the Soviet Union (1922-53), dies of a stroke at 73

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 10 Charles Gordon Curtis, American inventor (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92
  • Mar 14 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • Mar 20 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), dies at 60
  • Mar 23 Raoul Dufy, painter, Forcalquier, France
  • Mar 24 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
  • Mar 24 Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at 74