On This Day

March 1954 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members
  • Mar 1 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die

Castle Bravo Nuclear Test

Mar 1 US explodes Castle Bravo, a 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, which accidentally became the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US

  • Mar 4 James E. Wilkins appointed 1st black US sub-cabinet member
  • Mar 4 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • Mar 8 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia

Historic Event

Mar 9 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

Historic Event

Mar 13 Viet Minh General Võ Nguyên Giáp opens the assault on French forces at Dien Bien Phu, northwest Vietnam

  • Mar 19 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 19 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • Mar 19 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 20 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
  • Mar 22 Northland Center, the world's largest shopping mall at the time, opens in Oakpark, Michigan
  • Mar 22 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens

Catholic Encyclical

Mar 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)

  • Mar 26 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Mar 31 USSR offers to join NATO

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 2 Stone Phumelele Sizani, South African treasurer (UDF)
  • Mar 4 Mark Chorvinsky, American author, editor and publisher of "Strange Magazine", born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)
  • Mar 4 François Fillon, French politician and Prime Minister of France (2007-12), born in Le Mans, Sarthe, France
  • Mar 9 Bobby Sands, Irish IRA member and leader of the hunger strike at Maze Prison where he died, born in Newtownabbey, Northern Abbey (d. 1981)
  • Mar 9 Carlos Ghosn, French Brazilian automobile executive (Renault, Nissan, Mitsubishi Motors), born in Porto Velho, Brazil
  • Mar 11 Gale Norton, 48th United States Secretary of the Interior
  • Mar 12 Anish Kapoor, Indian born British sculptor, born in Mumbai, India
  • Mar 16 Colin Ireland, Kent, England, serial killer ('Gay Slayer'/ Coleherne killer), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 18 James F Reilly II, Mt Home AFB Idaho, PhD/astronaut (STS 89, sk:100)
  • Mar 19 Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • Mar 20 Liana Kanelli, Greek journalist and politician
  • Mar 24 Irina Ratushinskaya, Soviet dissident poet (Beyond the Limit), born in Odessa, Ukraine, Soviet Union (d. 2017)
  • Mar 26 Piers Gardner, British human rights lawyer (British Institute of Intl & Comparative Law)
  • Mar 28 Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer (d. 1985)
  • Mar 29 Karen Ann Quinlan, American famous comatose patient (right to die case), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania

Deaths in History

  • Mar 5 Julian Coolidge, American mathematician (Study-Segre school), dies at 80
  • Mar 6 Jan Kalf, Dutch literature/art historian, dies at 80
  • Mar 7 Otto Diels, German organic chemist (1950 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for cyclic organic compounds), dies at 78
  • Mar 9 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • Mar 9 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer, dies at 79
  • Mar 17 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor, dies at 88
  • Mar 28 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (In South Africa), dies at 69