March 1954 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members
  • Mar 1 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die

USACastle Bravo Nuclear Test

Mar 1 US explodes Castle Bravo, 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, which accidentally became the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US
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The explosion from Castle Bravo over Bikini Atoll in 1954
The explosion from Castle Bravo over Bikini Atoll in 1954
  • Mar 4 James E. Wilkins appointed 1st black US sub-cabinet member
  • Mar 4 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • Mar 8 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Viet Minh General Võ Nguyên Giáp opens the assault on French forces at Dien Bien Phu, northwest Vietnam

North Vietnamese General Võ Nguyên Giáp
North Vietnamese General
Võ Nguyên Giáp
  • Mar 19 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 19 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • Mar 19 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 19 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 19 Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings for the West Indies v England
  • Mar 20 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
  • Mar 22 Northland Center, the world's largest shopping mall of the time, opens in Oakpark, Michigan
  • Mar 22 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens
  • Mar 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)
  • Mar 26 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Mar 28 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon & Kismet win
  • Mar 31 USSR offers to join NATO

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 2 Stone Phumelele Sizani, South African treasurer (UDF)
  • Mar 4 Mark Chorvinsky, American author, editor and publisher of "Strange Magazine," born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)
  • Mar 4 François Fillon, French politician and Prime Minister of France (2007-12), born in Le Mans, Sarthe, France
  • Mar 9 Bobby Sands, Irish IRA member and leader of the hunger strike at Maze Prison where he died, born in Newtownabbey, Northern Abbey (d. 1981)
  • Mar 9 Carlos Ghosn, French Brazilian automobile executive (Renault, Nissan, Mitsubishi Motors), born in Porto Velho, Brazil
  • Mar 11 Gale Norton, 48th United States Secretary of the Interior
  • Mar 12 Anish Kapoor, Indian born British sculptor, born in Mumbai, India
  • Mar 16 Colin Ireland, Kent, England, serial killer ('Gay Slayer'/ Coleherne killer), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 18 James F Reilly II, Mt Home AFB Idaho, PhD/astronaut (STS 89, sk:100)
  • Mar 19 Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • Mar 20 Liana Kanelli, Greek journalist and politician
  • Mar 24 Irina Ratushinskaya, Odessa Ukraine, disident poet (Beyond the Limit)
  • Mar 26 Piers Gardner, director (British Institute of Intl & Comparative Law)
  • Mar 28 Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer (d. 1985)
  • Mar 29 Karen Ann Quinlan, American famous comatose patient (right to die case), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania

Deaths in History

  • Mar 5 Julian Coolidge, American mathematician (Study-Segre school), dies at 80
  • Mar 6 Jan Kalf, Dutch literature/art historian, dies at 80
  • Mar 7 Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • Mar 9 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • Mar 9 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer, dies at 79
  • Mar 17 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor, dies at 88
  • Mar 28 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (In South Africa), dies at 69