On This Day

November 1954 in History

Events in History

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 1 General Fulgencio Batista elected President of Cuba

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Nov 1 India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 US Senate admonishes Joseph McCarthy because of his slander campaigns

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • Nov 1 The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence against France.
  • Nov 2 Charles Diggs Jr is elected Michigan's 1st black congressman to the House of Representatives
  • Nov 2 Strom Thurmond is the 1st senator elected by write-in vote (South Carolina)
  • Nov 3 Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born & Walter Bothe
  • Nov 4 Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
  • Nov 7 US spy plane shot down North of Japan
  • Nov 8 AL approves Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Nov 10 "Marine Corps War Memorial" unveiled in Arlington County, Virginia, dedicated to US Marine Corps who died in defense of US since 1775 (inspired by 1945 Iwo Jima photo of servicemen raising US flag)

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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  • Nov 12 Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor, closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Lee Kuan Yew and others form the People's Action Party (PAP) in Singapore to work towards self-rule in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • Nov 14 Egyptian President Naguib resigns, state of emergency declared
  • Nov 15 1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole begins
  • Nov 22 Humane Society (US) forms in Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 23 For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
  • Nov 24 Air Force One, 1st US Presidential airplane, christened
  • Nov 24 France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria
  • Nov 27 Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury
  • Nov 28 1st pro football game in The Netherlands
  • Nov 30 Ann Hodges is bruised by a meteor at Sylacauga, Alabama in first modern instance of a meteorite striking a human
  • Nov 30 John Strydom succeeds D. F. Malan as premier of South Africa

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 3 Godzilla, Japanese monster (Godzilla)
  • Nov 3 Kevin P Chilton, American General, test pilot and NASA astronaut (STS 49, 59, 76), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 6 Catherine Crier, American journalist and author (The Case Against Lawyers, A Deadly Game), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Nov 8 Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director (2003-05), born in Guymon, Oklahoma
  • Nov 8 Kazuo Ishiguro, British author (An Artist of the Floating World, The Remains of the Day, When We Were Orphans), born in Nagasaki, Japan
  • Nov 11 Mary Gaitskill, American writer, born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • Nov 13 Scott McNealy, American CEO of Sun Microsystems

Person of interestCondoleezza Rice

Nov 14 Condoleezza Rice, 1st female African-American U.S. Secretary of State (2005-09), born in Birmingham, Alabama

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
US Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice
  • Nov 15 Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Białogard Poland, politician and President of Poland (1995-2005)
  • Nov 16 Andrea Barrett, American novelist (Servants of the Map), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Nov 16 Dick Gross, Australian politician
  • Nov 17 Mark "Chopper" Read, Australian criminal and crime author (Chopper: From the Inside), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2013)
  • Nov 19 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 6th President of Egypt (2014-present), born in Zagazig, Cairo
  • Nov 20 Steve Dahl, American radio host, Chicago's anti-disco DJ (WLS-FM), born in Pasadena, California
  • Nov 20 Berit Andnor, Swedish politician, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Nov 22 Paolo Gentiloni, Italian politician, Prime Minister (2016-2018), born in Rome, Italy
  • Nov 23 Ferry Hoogendijk, Dutch editor in chief (Elsevier Magazine)
  • Nov 26 Roz Chast, American cartoonist (Can't We Talk About Something More Pleasant?), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 26 Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, born in Valvettithurai, Dominion of Ceylon (d. 2009)

Deaths in History

Person of interestHenri Matisse

Nov 3 Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (Dance II), dies at 84

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Nov 4 Stig Dagerman, Swedish author (Burned Child), dies at 31
  • Nov 10 Hussein Fatemi, Iran Foreign minister, executed
  • Nov 16 Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist, dies at 80
  • Nov 19 Walter Bartley Wilson, founding member of Cardiff City F.C. (b. 1870)
  • Nov 20 Clyde Cessna, American aviator and airplane manufacturer, dies at 74
  • Nov 21 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 69
  • Nov 22 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, dies at 70

Person of interestEnrico Fermi

Nov 28 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist (Nobel 1938), dies of stomach cancer at 53

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi